Brookville, New York
|Incorporated Village of Brookville|
|• Mayor||Daniel H. Serota|
|• Deputy Mayor||Caroline Bazzini|
|• Total||3.96 sq mi (10.25 km2)|
|• Land||3.95 sq mi (10.22 km2)|
|• Water||0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)|
|Elevation||236 ft (72 m)|
|• Density||744.62/sq mi (287.46/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||0944887|
Brookville is a village located within the Town of Oyster Bay in Nassau County, on the North Shore of Long Island, in New York, United States. The population was 3,465 at the time of the 2010 census.
The geographic Village of Brookville was formed in two stages. When the village was incorporated in 1931, it consisted of a long, narrow tract of land that was centered along Cedar Swamp Road (Route 107). In the 1950s, the northern portion of the unincorporated area then known as Wheatley Hills was annexed and incorporated into the village, approximately doubling the village's area to its present 2,650 acres (1,070 ha).
When the town of Oyster Bay purchased what is now Brookville from the Matinecocks in the mid-17th century, the area was known as Suco's Wigwam. Most pioneers were English, many of them Quakers. They were soon joined by Dutch settlers from western Long Island, who called the surrounding area Wolver Hollow, apparently because wolves gathered at spring-fed Shoo Brook to drink. For most of the 19th century, the village was called Tappentown after a prominent family. Brookville became the preferred name after the Civil War and was used on 1873 maps.
Brookville's two centuries as a farm and woodland backwater changed quickly in the early 20th century as wealthy New Yorkers built lavish mansions. By the mid-1920s, there were 22 estates, part of the emergence of Nassau's North Shore Gold Coast. One was Broadhollow, the 108-acre (0.44 km2) spread of attorney-banker-diplomat Winthrop W. Aldrich, which had a 40-room manor house. The second owner of Broadhollow was Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt Jr., who was owner of the Belmont and Pimlico racetracks. Marjorie Merriweather Post, daughter of cereal creator Charles William Post, and her husband Edward Francis Hutton, the famous financier, built a lavish 70-room mansion on 178 acres (0.72 km2) called Hillwood.
In 1931, estate owners banded together to win village incorporation to head off what they saw as undesirable residential and commercial development in other parts of Nassau County. In 1947, the Post estate was sold to Long Island University for its C. W. Post campus. The campus is noted as the home of the Tilles Center for the Performing Arts. Also in Brookville is the DeSeversky Conference Center of the New York Institute of Technology. The center was formerly Templeton, mansion of socialite and businessman Winston Guest. Templeton was later used as one of the settings for the Dudley Moore film Arthur.
The Chapelle de St. Martin de Sayssuel, also known as the St. Joan of Arc Chapel where Joan of Arc prayed prior to engaging the English, was moved from France to Brookville in the early 20th century. It was acquired by Gertrude Hill Gavin, daughter of James J. Hill, the American railroad magnate. The chapel was dismantled stone by stone and imported from France to her Brookville estate in 1926. The chapel is now located at Marquette University in Wisconsin.
The James Preserve is a nature preserve in Old Brookville and is the only tract of land showing the natural appearance of the village before development. Although it is in Old Brookville, it is connected to Greenvale.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,126 people, 631 households, and 569 families residing in the village. The population density was 530.5 inhabitants per square mile (204.8/km2). There were 648 housing units at an average density of 161.7 per square mile (62.4/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 89.75% White, 1.16% African American, 3.16% Asian, 0.56% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.68% of the population.
There were 631 households, out of which 49.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 82.9% were married couples living together, 4.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 9.8% were non-families. 7.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 4.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.35 and the average family size was 3.49.
In the village, the population was spread out, with 32.8% under the age of 18, 4.4% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 25.1% from 45 to 64, and 11.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.7 males.
The median income for a household in the village was in excess of $200,000 as was the median income for a family. Males had a median income of over $100,000 versus $60,238 for females. The per capita income for the village was $84,375. None of families or the population were below the poverty line, including none of those under age 18 or those age 65 or over.
In 2009, Brookville topped BusinessWeek's list of America's 25 wealthiest towns based on average income and net worth.
As of August 2021, the Mayor of Brookville is Daniel H. Serota, the Deputy Mayor is Caroline Z. Bazzini, and the Village Trustees are Caroline Z. Bazzini, John A. Burns, Edward J. Chesnik, and Robert D. Spina.
- Winthrop W. Aldrich, U.S. ambassador to the United Kingdom.
- Marc Anthony, singer.
- Arthur Scott Burden, president of Burden Iron Works.
- Joseph E. Davies, second U.S. ambassador to the Soviet Union.
- Angie Dickinson, actress.
- Alfred I. du Pont, inventor, philanthropist.
- Prince Felix and the Royal Family of Luxembourg.
- C. Z. Guest, socialite.
- Frederick Edward Guest, British Cabinet minister.
- Edward Francis Hutton, co-founder, E. F. Hutton & Co.
- Mary McFadden, fashion designer, writer.
- Dina Merrill, actress.
- Marjorie Merriweather Post, philanthropist.
- Cynthia Roche, socialite.
- Diego Suarez, garden designer.
- Percy Uris, real estate investor/builder.
- Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt Jr., owner of the Belmont and Pimlico racetracks.
- "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
- "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Brookville village, New York". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 3, 2011.
- Note that such figures are often imprecise. The cited figure was calculated by Frederick P. Clark Associates for the report: "Village of Brookville: Open Space Preservation Through Large Lot Zoning; A Village Master Plan Update Study, September 1989, Finalized January 1990".
- Winsche, Richard (October 1, 1999). The History of Nassau County Community Place-Names. Interlaken, New York: Empire State Books. ISBN 978-1557871541.
- "HISTORY". VILLAGE OF BROOKVILLE. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
- "The Wealthiest Towns in America". BusinessWeek. Archived from the original on March 21, 2009. Retrieved April 26, 2009.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
- "1970 United States Census – New York" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Archived (PDF) from the original on February 21, 2007. Retrieved October 4, 2021.
- Historical Population of Long Island Communities: 1790-1980 (PDF). Long Island Regional Planning Board. 1982.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- "VILLAGE BOARDS". VILLAGE OF BROOKVILLE. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
- "Long Island Index: Interactive Map". www.longislandindexmaps.org. Retrieved August 9, 2021.
- "NYIT's Construction Project Approved by Village of Old Westbury Trustees - the Island Now: Roslyn". Archived from the original on May 31, 2016. Retrieved April 21, 2016.
- Brookville homes start at $1M and continue to lure the affluent Retrieved 2014-09-05
- Jennifer Lopez & Marc Anthony Own $5.75 Million Worth Of Property In New York: Who Will Get It? Archived July 29, 2017, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2014-09-05