Brookville, Pennsylvania

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Brookville, Pennsylvania
Downtown Brookville
Downtown Brookville
Location of Brookville in Jefferson County, Pennsylvania
Location of Brookville in Jefferson County, Pennsylvania
Brookville is located in Pennsylvania
Brookville
Brookville
Location of Brookville in Jefferson County, Pennsylvania
Brookville is located in the United States
Brookville
Brookville
Brookville (the United States)
Coordinates: 41°09′35″N 79°04′49″W / 41.15972°N 79.08028°W / 41.15972; -79.08028Coordinates: 41°09′35″N 79°04′49″W / 41.15972°N 79.08028°W / 41.15972; -79.08028
CountryUnited States
StatePennsylvania
CountyJefferson
Settled1796
Incorporated1830
Government
 • TypeBorough council
 • MayorRichard Beck[1]
Area
 • Total3.23 sq mi (8.36 km2)
 • Land3.14 sq mi (8.12 km2)
 • Water0.09 sq mi (0.24 km2)
Elevation
1,273 ft (388 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total3,933
 • Estimate 
(2017)[3]
3,822
 • Density1,218.36/sq mi (470.42/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
15825
Area code(s)814 Exchanges: 220,849
FIPS code42-09224
Websiteborough.brookville.pa.us

Brookville is a borough in Jefferson County in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania, 80 miles (130 km) northeast of Pittsburgh. As of the 2010 census the population was 3,933.[4] Founded in 1830, it is the county seat of Jefferson County[5]

History[edit]

The area was initially settled in the late 1790s upon the arrival of brothers Joseph and Andrew Barnett,[6] as well as their brother-in-law Samuel Scott, who together established the first settlement at the confluence of the Sandy Lick and Mill Creeks in the area now known as Port Barnett. The first non-Native American settler of the land within the eventual town limits was Moses Knapp,[7] who built a log house at the confluence of North Fork Creek and Sandy Lick Creek (which form Redbank Creek) in 1801.[8][9]

Brookville's main source of economic development throughout the 19th century was the lumber industry. Brookville's many creeks and its connection to larger rivers (the Clarion to the north, which, like the Redbank, flows to the Allegheny) allowed for extensive construction of lumber mills along the watersheds and the floating of timber to markets in Pittsburgh. The town enjoyed great economic success during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, serving as home to several factories, breweries, an important railroad stop for local coal and timber, and briefly the Twyford Motor Car Company, which operated from 1905 to 1907 and produced the world's first four-wheel drive automobile.[10]

The Brookville Historic District, Brookville Presbyterian Church and Manse, Gray-Taylor House, Joseph E. Hall House, and Phillip Taylor House are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[11]

Geography[edit]

Brookville Presbyterian Church from a pre-1923 postcard

Brookville is located in west-central Jefferson County at 41°9′35″N 79°4′49″W / 41.15972°N 79.08028°W / 41.15972; -79.08028 (41.159654, -79.080276),[12] at the confluence of the North Fork and Sandy Lick Creek, forming Redbank Creek, a west-flowing tributary of the Allegheny River.

U.S. Route 322 (Main Street) passes through the center of town, leading southeast 12 miles (19 km) to Reynoldsville and west 16 miles (26 km) to Clarion. Interstate 80 passes through the northern side of the borough, with access from exits 78 and 81. I-80 leads east 20 miles (32 km) to DuBois and west 60 miles (97 km) to Interstate 79 near Mercer. Pennsylvania Route 28 joins US 322 as Main Street through Brookville, but leads northeast 17 miles (27 km) to Brockway and southwest 19 miles (31 km) to New Bethlehem. Pennsylvania Route 36 leads northwest from Brookville 23 miles (37 km) to Leeper and south 19 miles (31 km) to Punxsutawney.

Brookville is in the Eastern Standard Time zone. The center of town in the Redbank Creek valley is at an elevation of 1,273 feet (388 m), but hills lining the valley rise to summits ranging from 1,460 to 1,600 feet (450 to 490 m) within the borough limits.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the borough has a total area of 3.2 square miles (8.3 km2), of which 3.1 square miles (8.1 km2) are land and 0.1 square miles (0.2 km2), or 2.83%, are water.[4]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850763
18601,36078.2%
18701,94242.8%
18802,13610.0%
18902,47816.0%
19002,472−0.2%
19103,00321.5%
19203,2729.0%
19304,38734.1%
19404,3970.2%
19504,274−2.8%
19604,6208.1%
19704,314−6.6%
19804,5685.9%
19904,184−8.4%
20004,2301.1%
20103,933−7.0%
Est. 20173,822[3]−2.8%
Sources:[13][14][4]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 4,230 people, 1,849 households, and 1,140 families residing in the borough. The population density was 1,312.6 people per square mile (507.2/km²). There were 1,976 housing units at an average density of 613.2 per square mile (236.9/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 98.35% White, 0.26% African American, 0.09% Native American, 0.71% Asian, 0.09% from other races, and 0.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.47% of the population.

There were 1,849 households, out of which 28.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.3% were non-families. 33.9% of all households were made up of individuals, and 18.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the borough the population was spread out, with 22.0% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 26.1% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 20.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 83.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.2 males.

The median income for a household in the borough was $30,843, and the median income for a family was $38,438. Males had a median income of $29,940 versus $20,395 for females. The per capita income for the borough was $18,437. About 9.1% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.1% of those under age 18 and 8.4% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The Brookville Area School District provides kindergarten through 12th grade public education for the community. The district operates Brookville Area Jr./Sr. High School (7th-12th), Hickory Grove Elementary School (3rd-6th), Pinecreek Elementary School (1st-2nd), and Northside Elementary School (K). Brookville is also one of four school districts whose students can attend the Jefferson County-DuBois Area Vocational-Technical School (JEFF TECH).

Economy[edit]

The town still supports the lumber industry, but coal extraction has given way to natural gas. It now also features several small and medium-sized businesses and some significant manufacturing operations. Interstate 80, which traverses the United States, was constructed just north of the Brookville borough and continues to stimulate the local economy.

Current businesses/employers include:

Previous businesses include the Pittsburg and Shawmut Railroad.

Tourism is also important. The Brookville Historic District is an attraction, and the borough bills itself as the "Gateway to Cook Forest", a state park 16 miles (26 km) to the north. Brookville is also home to the annual Western Pennsylvania Laurel Festival each summer and to the Victorian Christmas Celebration each December. The community's historic preservation efforts have earned Brookville many accolades. Among these are the town's Main Street Project being recognized as having had the longest sustained impact of a Main Street Project in Pennsylvania and in 2012 its selection as a national finalist in the "America's Prettiest Painted Places" competition.[15] There is a small farming community called Hazen 8 miles (13 km) northeast of Brookville which houses a large flea market[16] during the warmer months.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 22, 2010. Retrieved 2010-10-04.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Mar 24, 2019.
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  4. ^ a b c "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Brookville borough, Pennsylvania (revision r48015, 10-10-2012)". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 6, 2018.
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
  6. ^ Barnett, Andy. "Joseph Barnett". The Barnett Family website. Reocities.com. Retrieved August 6, 2010.
  7. ^ Knapp, Ernest O. (April 27, 2005). "KNAPP, Moses 1778 - 1847". Jefferson County PA Archives: Biographies. USGenWeb Archives. Retrieved August 6, 2010.
  8. ^ McKnight, William James (1917). "My First Recollections of Brookville, 1840 to 1843". Jefferson County, Pennsylvania: Her Pioneers and People, 1800-1915. Volume I: Historical. Chicago: J.H. Beers & Company. pp. 359–385. Retrieved August 6, 2010.
  9. ^ Scott, Kate M. (1888). "History of Brookville". History of Jefferson County, Pennsylvania, with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches of Some of Its Prominent Men and Pioneers. Syracuse, New York: D. Mason & Co. pp. 413–475. Retrieved August 6, 2010.
  10. ^ "Twyford Four-Wheel-Drive Cars". The Automobile. New York City. 14 (12). March 22, 1906.
  11. ^ National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  13. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2013.
  15. ^ https://www.usatoday.com/story/dispatches/2012/11/01/prettiest-painted-towns-and-neighborhoods/1661327/
  16. ^ http://www.hazenfleamarket.com/

External links[edit]

Media related to Brookville, Pennsylvania at Wikimedia Commons