Broom, Bedfordshire

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Broom
The Cock, Broom.JPG
The Cock, Broom
Broom is located in Bedfordshire
Broom
Broom
Location within Bedfordshire
Population579 
Civil parish
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townBiggleswade
Postcode districtSG18
Dialling code01767
PoliceBedfordshire
FireBedfordshire and Luton
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Bedfordshire
52°04′22″N 0°17′30″W / 52.0729°N 0.2916°W / 52.0729; -0.2916Coordinates: 52°04′22″N 0°17′30″W / 52.0729°N 0.2916°W / 52.0729; -0.2916

Broom is a small village in the Central Bedfordshire district of the county of Bedfordshire, England about 8.5 miles (14 km) south-east of the county town of Bedford.

The 2011 census shows its population as 579.[1]

Geography[edit]

Broom lies 1.5 miles (2 km) south-west of Biggleswade and 19.5 miles (31 km) south-west of Cambridge.

Elevation

The village is 38 metres (125 ft) above sea level.[2]

Geology, soil type and land use

The village is surrounded by arable farmland and lies on glacial gravel over green and brown sandstones.[3] The soil is highly fertile, freely draining and slightly acid but base-rich.[4] Since the mid-1990s sand and gravel quarrying has taken place north of the village between the B658 and Gypsy Lane on land previously used for market gardening. There are a number of man-made lakes including the 45 acres (18 ha) of Broom Big Lake, now used for fishing.

The night sky and light pollution

Light pollution is the level of radiance (night lights) shining up into the night sky. The Campaign to Protect Rural England (CPRE) divides the level of night sky brightness into 9 bands with band 1 being the darkest i.e. with the lowest level of light pollution and band 9 the brightest and most polluted. Broom with an index of 1-2 nanoWatts (nW) is in band 4. The night sky brightens towards Biggleswade but is darker to the west.[5][6]

History[edit]

The name Broom simply refers to the plant.[7]

Broom is mentioned in the Domesday Book. The entry reads; Brume: Nigel de la Vast from Nigel d'Aubigny

It has long been a 'farming' village with a number of small local market gardeners. Many have been farming families for generations.

The village originally consisted of the High Street, High Road and Southill Road. Housing was built by Biggleswade Rural District Council on Bancroft Avenue in the first quarter of the 20th century.[8] In the 1970s, Birch Close and The Woodlands were built on the other side of 'the ditch'. There is a mixture of old farm houses as well as newer buildings.

In past years the village had four pubs, a post office, village shop and a small church. There was also a village football team that played on the village green.

The traditional game of Nine Pin Bar Skittles at The Cock, Broom, Bedfordshire.

The Cock is a mid-19th century Grade II listed public house at 23 High Street.[9] It is on the Campaign for Real Ale's National Inventory of Historic Pub Interiors.[10] The pub is one of a handful in the UK that has no serving counter. Drinks and food are served by staff to customers in a variety of small rooms. The pub also boasts traditional table skittles.[11]

Broom Hall is a three storey, grade II listed, mid 18th century country house standing just off the High Street. It has been converted into flats and apartments.[12] Broom Park was described as a Gentleman's Country Estate when it was put up for auction shortly after the Second World War.

Governance[edit]

Broom elects six councillors to Southill parish council.[13] It is part of Northill ward for elections to the Central Bedfordshire Unitary Authority.[14]

Prior to 1894, Broom was administered as part of the hundred of Wixamtree. From 1894 until 1974 it was in Biggleswade Rural District and from 1974 to 2009 in Mid Bedfordshire District.

Broom is in the Mid Bedfordshire parliamentary constituency and the elected member is Nadine Dorries of the Conservative Party.

Public transport[edit]

Grant Palmer operates route 200 a two-hourly Monday to Saturday daytime bus service to Biggleswade (journey time seven minutes) and to Southill, Shefford and Flitwick (just over an hour). There are weekly, Wednesday only services to Cambridge (operated by Ivel Sprinter. Journey time one hour 12 minutes) and Bedford (by Wanderbus. Time 30 minutes). Wanderbus also runs monthly services to St Neots, Milton Keynes and Welwyn Garden City.[15]

The nearest railway station is Biggleswade.

Community[edit]

Usually in July there is a village fete, which raises money for local charities as well as providing entertainment for the villagers and visitors. There is also a weekend music festival known as "Broomstock" held usually at the end of July.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Broom Built-up area Local Area Report". nomis. Retrieved 19 October 2019.
  2. ^ "Broom: elevation". Route Calculator. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  3. ^ "Sheet 204. Geological Survey of England & Wales". British Geological Survey. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  4. ^ "Soilscapes Viewer". LandIS - Land Information System. Cranfield University. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  5. ^ "Night Blight 2016: Mapping England's Light Pollution and Dark Skies". Campaign to Protect Rural England. CPRE. Retrieved 1 October 2019.
  6. ^ "Map". nightblight. Campaign for the Protection of Rural England. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  7. ^ Skeat, Walter William (1906). The Place-Names of Bedfordshire. p. 65. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  8. ^ "Bancroft Avenue Council Houses Broom". Beds Archives. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  9. ^ Historic England. "The Cock public house (1257950)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 17 August 2014.
  10. ^ Brandwood, Geoff (2013). Britain's best real heritage pubs. St. Albans: CAMRA. p. 18. ISBN 9781852493042.
  11. ^ http://www.thecockatbroom.co.uk/
  12. ^ "Broom Hall". Bedfordshire Archives and Records Service. Retrieved 21 September 2019.
  13. ^ "Councillors by Ward". Southill Parish Council. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  14. ^ "Area, Ward, Northill". Central Bedfordshire Insight. Retrieved 23 September 2019.
  15. ^ "Broom, Cent Beds". Bus Times. Retrieved 22 September 2019.
  16. ^ "A Real Ale and Music festival". Broomstock. Retrieved 21 September 2019.

External links[edit]

Media related to Broom, Bedfordshire at Wikimedia Commons