Broughton, Illinois

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Broughton, Illinois
Location of Broughton in Hamilton County, Illinois.
Location of Broughton in Hamilton County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 37°56′3″N 88°27′47″W / 37.93417°N 88.46306°W / 37.93417; -88.46306Coordinates: 37°56′3″N 88°27′47″W / 37.93417°N 88.46306°W / 37.93417; -88.46306
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountyHamilton
TownshipMayberry
Area
 • Total2.00 sq mi (5.17 km2)
 • Land1.99 sq mi (5.16 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2)
Population
 • Total194
 • Estimate 
(2016)[2]
187
 • Density93.88/sq mi (36.25/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code(s)618
FIPS code17-08875
Wikimedia CommonsBroughton, Illinois

Broughton is a village in Hamilton County, Illinois, United States. The population was 194 at the 2010 census.[3] It is part of the Mount Vernon Micropolitan Statistical Area.

The village was founded in the 1720s as Saint Philippe du Grand Marais (called "St. Philippe") by French coureurs de bois. In the early 19th century, it was known as "Rectorville" for nearby Rector Creek, which had been named for federal land surveyor John Rector.[4]

Geography[edit]

Broughton is located in southeastern Hamilton County at 37°56′3″N 88°27′47″W / 37.93417°N 88.46306°W / 37.93417; -88.46306 (37.934104, -88.463027).[5] Illinois Route 142 passes through the village, leading north-northwest 12 miles (19 km) to McLeansboro, the county seat, and south 9 miles (14 km) to Eldorado.

According to the 2010 census, Broughton has a total area of 1.995 square miles (5.17 km2), of which 1.99 square miles (5.15 km2) (or 99.75%) is land and 0.005 square miles (0.01 km2) (or 0.25%) is water.[6]

Earthquake of 1968[edit]

  • Broughton was the closest village to the epicenter of the 1968 Illinois earthquake (at 37°57′00″ N, 88°28′48″ W), one of the most widely noticed tremors in United States history because it was felt in large populated areas like St. Louis and Chicago. [7]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880200
1900327
191047043.7%
19205067.7%
1930381−24.7%
19403871.6%
1950324−16.3%
1960235−27.5%
19702350.0%
198026311.9%
1990218−17.1%
2000193−11.5%
20101940.5%
Est. 2016187[2]−3.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 193 people, 82 households, and 56 families residing in the village. The population density was 100.6 people per square mile (38.8/km²). There were 91 housing units at an average density of 47.5 per square mile (18.3/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 99.48% White and 0.52% Asian. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.52% of the population.

There were 82 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.4% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the village, the population was spread out with 26.9% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 20.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.1 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $19,500, and the median income for a family was $21,250. Males had a median income of $27,250 versus $16,875 for females. The per capita income for the village was $11,926. About 31.0% of families and 27.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.6% of those under the age of eighteen and 16.2% of those sixty five or over.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 29, 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  3. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Broughton village, Illinois". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  4. ^ Callary, Edward (2009), Place Names of Illinois, Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press, ISBN 978-0-252-03356-8, p. 292: Rector.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  6. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-08-02.
  7. ^ [https://pubs.geoscienceworld.org/ssa/bssa/article-abstract/60/3/953/101656/the-south-central-illinois-earthquake-of-november?redirectedFrom=fulltext%7C "The south-central Illinois earthquake of November 9, 1968: Macroseismic studies", Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America (June 1, 1970)
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.

External links[edit]