|Area||2.00 sq mi (5 km2)|
|- land||1.99 sq mi (5 km2)|
|- water||0.00 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Density||100.6 / sq mi (39 / km2)|
|- summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|Wikimedia Commons: Broughton, Illinois|
The village was founded in the 1720s as Saint Philippe du Grand Marais (called St. Philippe) by French coureurs de bois. In the early 19th century, it was known as Rectorville for nearby Rector Creek, which had been named for federal land surveyor John Rector.
Broughton is located at (37.934104, -88.463027).
According to the 2010 census, the village has a total area of 2.00 square miles (5.2 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 193 people, 82 households, and 56 families residing in the village. The population density was 100.6 people per square mile (38.8/km²). There were 91 housing units at an average density of 47.5 per square mile (18.3/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 99.48% White and 0.52% Asian. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.52% of the population.
There were 82 households out of which 30.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.4% were married couples living together, 12.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 30.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.35 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the village the population was spread out with 26.9% under the age of 18, 7.3% from 18 to 24, 21.2% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 20.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 82.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.1 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $19,500, and the median income for a family was $21,250. Males had a median income of $27,250 versus $16,875 for females. The per capita income for the village was $11,926. About 31.0% of families and 27.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 38.6% of those under the age of eighteen and 16.2% of those sixty five or over.
- Callary, Edward (2009), Place Names of Illinois, Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press, ISBN 978-0-252-03356-8, p. 292: Rector.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Places: Illinois". 2010 Census Gazetteer Files. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-10-13.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Hamilton County Historical Society - Official Site