Broughton, Oxfordshire

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Broughton
Broughton church - geograph.org.uk - 801324.jpg
St Mary the Virgin parish church
Broughton castle garden.jpg
Formal gardens at the castle which remains the feudal manor of the area, although feudal laws no longer apply such as manorial courts
Broughton is located in Oxfordshire
Broughton
Broughton
Broughton shown within Oxfordshire
Area 3.94 km2 (1.52 sq mi)
Population 286 (2011 Census)
• Density 73/km2 (190/sq mi)
OS grid reference SP4238
Civil parish
  • Broughton
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Banbury
Postcode district OX15
Dialling code 01295
Police Thames Valley
Fire Oxfordshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
OxfordshireCoordinates: 52°02′31″N 1°23′17″W / 52.042°N 1.388°W / 52.042; -1.388

Broughton is a small village and civil parish in northern Oxfordshire, England, about 2.5 miles (4 km) southwest of Banbury. The 2011 Census recorded the parish's population as 286.[1]

History[edit]

Broughton's Church of England Parish Church of St Mary the Virgin was built in about 1300 in a style that is transitional from Early English to Decorated Gothic.[2] The church is in the grounds of Broughton Castle, the 14th- to 16th-century country house the seat of the ancestral line of the Lords Saye and Sele (the Fiennes family) restored using the consultancy of architect George Gilbert Scott.

Broughton Rectory was rebuilt in 1694.[3] It was altered three times in the 19th century: firstly by Richard Pace of Lechlade in 1808, and then with extensions by S.P. Cockerell in 1820 and H.J. Underwood in 1842.[3]

The Domesday Book records that in 1086 Broughton parish had two watermills. By 1444 there were at least three, one of which was a fulling mill.> By 1685 there was a second fulling mill, and both mills supplied the local woollen industry. Fulling and cloth-dyeing remained local industries until early in the 20th century.[4]

In the 17th century Broughton's agriculture was predominantly pasture for cattle and sheep, which has given to the parish such field names as Dairy Ground, Grazing Ground and New Close Pasture. Improved crop rotation in the agricultural revolution increased arable farming in the parish, with crops being diversified in the 18th century to include clover, flax, hops, sainfoin and woad. Some of these crops have given place names to the parish such as Sandfine Wood, Sandfine Road and Woadmill Farm. Woad was still grown in 1827, when it was used locally for dyeing wool.[4]

Broughton has a pair of Gothic Revival almshouses that were built in 1859.[3]

Amenities[edit]

Broughton has one public house, the Saye and Sele Arms.[5]

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Broughton, Oxfordshire at Wikimedia Commons