St Mary the Virgin parish church
Formal gardens at the castle which remains the feudal manor of the area, although feudal laws no longer apply such as manorial courts
|Area||3.94 km2 (1.52 sq mi)|
|Population||286 (2011 Census)|
|• Density||73/km2 (190/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Prior to the Norman Conquest in 1066, Broughton was held by Thorgautr Lagr. By 1086, the parish of Broughton was within the ancient hundred of Bloxham, held by tenant-in-chief Berengarii de Todeni (Berengar de Tosny), first-born son of Robert de Todeni. Berengar's sister Albreda inherited Broughton, so her husband Robert de Insula was next to manage the profitable manor.
Broughton's Church of England Parish Church of St Mary the Virgin was built in about 1300 in a style that is transitional from Early English to Decorated Gothic. The church is in the grounds of Broughton Castle, the 14th- to 16th-century country house the seat of the ancestral line of the Lords Saye and Sele (the Fiennes family) restored using the consultancy of architect George Gilbert Scott.
Broughton Rectory was rebuilt in 1694. It was altered three times in the 19th century: firstly by Richard Pace of Lechlade in 1808, and then with extensions by S.P. Cockerell in 1820 and H.J. Underwood in 1842.
The Domesday Book records that in 1086 Broughton parish had two watermills. By 1444 there were at least three, one of which was a fulling mill.> By 1685 there was a second fulling mill, and both mills supplied the local woollen industry. Fulling and cloth-dyeing remained local industries until early in the 20th century.
In the 17th century Broughton's agriculture was predominantly pasture for cattle and sheep, which has given to the parish such field names as Dairy Ground, Grazing Ground and New Close Pasture. Improved crop rotation in the agricultural revolution increased arable farming in the parish, with crops being diversified in the 18th century to include clover, flax, hops, sainfoin and woad. Some of these crops have given place names to the parish such as Sandfine Wood, Sandfine Road and Woadmill Farm. Woad was still grown in 1827, when it was used locally for dyeing wool.
- "Area: Broughton (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 18 March 2015.
- Open Domesday Online: Broughton, accessed May 2017.
- Belvoir: The Heirs of Robert and Berengar de Tosny. By Katharine S. B. Keats-Rohan (University of Oxford). Prosopon Newsletter 9 (July 1998), accessed May 2017.
- Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, pp. 490–492.
- Sherwood & Pevsner 1974, p. 498.
- Lobel & Crossley 1969, pp. 85–102
- Saye and Sele Arms
- Lobel, Mary D; Crossley, Alan, eds. (1969). A History of the County of Oxford. Victoria County History. 9: Bloxham Hundred. London: Oxford University Press for the Institute of Historical Research. pp. 85–102. ISBN 978-0-19722-726-8.
- Sherwood, Jennifer; Pevsner, Nikolaus (1974). Oxfordshire. The Buildings of England. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books. pp. 490–492, 498. ISBN 0-14-071045-0.
Media related to Broughton, Oxfordshire at Wikimedia Commons