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Broussonetia papyrifera fruits.jpg
Broussonetia papyrifera (paper mulberry)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Rosales
Family: Moraceae
Tribe: Dorstenieae
Genus: Broussonetia
L’Hér. ex Vent.

Broussonetia kaempferi
Broussonetia monoica
Broussonetia × kazinoki
Broussonetia papyrifera[1]

Broussonetia is a genus of four species (including one hybrid species) of trees in the family Moraceae, native to eastern Asia.[1] These four species have high-quality fiber which consist of more than 90% of cellulose. They are traditinally applied for various daily necessity products in South Eastern Asia and papermaking in East Asia.

One of these is the paper mulberry (Broussonetia papyrifera), whose bark fiber is used to make traditional paper in China, Korea, and Japan. Not only paper mulberry is used for paper making but also other species are widely used in paper industry in those three country history. In fact, paper mulberry is not a major source of their traditional paper at least in Korea and Japan. Major material fibers of Hanji (Korean paper) and Washi (Japanese paper) are came from Broussonetia × kazinoki.[2] Broussonetia × kazinoki is known as only hybrid in Broussonetia genus between B. monoica and B. papyrifera.

This species[which?] has been widely introduced and has become invasive in some areas.

Fossil record[edit]

Five fossil fruits of †Broussonetia pygmaea have been extracted from borehole samples of the Middle Miocene freshwater deposits in Nowy Sacz Basin, West Carpathians, Poland.[3]


  1. ^ a b "Broussonetia L'Hér. ex Vent. | Plants of the World Online | Kew Science". Plants of the World Online. Retrieved 2021-11-05.
  2. ^ Kuo, W. H., Liu, S. H., Chang, C. C., Hsieh, C. L., Li, Y. H., Ito, T., ... & Chung, K. F. (2022). "Plastome phylogenomics of Allaeanthus, Broussonetia and Malaisia (Dorstenieae, Moraceae) and the origin of B.× kazinoki". Journal of Plant Research: 1–18.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ Łańcucka-Środoniowa M.: Macroscopic plant remains from the freshwater Miocene of the Nowy Sącz Basin (West Carpathians, Poland) [Szczątki makroskopowe roślin z miocenu słodkowodnego Kotliny Sądeckiej (Karpaty Zachodnie, Polska)]. Acta Palaeobotanica 1979 20 (1): 3-117.

External links[edit]