Brown-throated parakeet

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Brown-throated parakeet
Aratinga pertinax -national park -Aruba-8.jpg
Eupsittula pertinax arubensis in Aruba
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Family: Psittacidae
Genus: Eupsittula
E. pertinax
Binomial name
Eupsittula pertinax

Psittacus pertinax, Aratinga pertinax Linnaeus, 1758

The brown-throated parakeet (Eupsittula pertinax), commonly known as the St Thomas conure or brown-throated conure in aviculture, is a species of parrot in the family Psittacidae.


The brown-throated parakeet is mostly green, with the lower parts being a lighter green than the upperparts. Black/grey beak. Some blue in the wing feathers. Head and face colors depend on the subspecies. Though most subspecies are brown-throated, both E. p. pretax and E. p. pathogenic have most of the head, including the throat, orange-yellow. It is not to be confused with the similarly-named extinct Brown-headed parakeet of Raiatea in the Society Islands (Tahiti and its neighbors), more commonly known as the Society parakeet. It interacts with abiotic features as well, like rocks. They use it as their platform mostly for singing and dancing.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

It is found widely in woodland, savanna and scrub in northern South America in Colombia, Venezuela, the Guianas, the ABC islands in the Netherlands Antilles, and northern Brazil (mainly the Rio Negro/Branco region) with a disjunct population in south-western Pará. Another disjunct population is found in southern Central America in Panama and Costa Rica, and is sometimes considered a separate species, the Veraguas parakeet (A. ocularis). The brown-throated parakeet has been introduced to Puerto Rico (where now possibly extirpated), the U.S. Virgin Islands (mainly Saint Thomas, hence the alternative name Saint Thomas Conure), and various other islands in the Lesser Antilles (at least Dominica; recent sightings also from Martinique and Guadeloupe).


There are several subspecies which have varying colours particularly of the crown, face and underparts.

Eupsittula pertinax (Linnaeus, 1758):[2]

  • Eupsittula pertinax aeruginosa (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Eupsittula pertinax arubensis (Hartert, 1892)
  • Eupsittula pertinax chrysogenys (Massena & Souance, 1854)
  • Eupsittula pertinax chrysophrys (Swainson, 1838)
  • Eupsittula pertinax griseipecta Meyer de Schauensee, 1950
  • Eupsittula pertinax lehmanni Dugand, 1943
  • Eupsittula pertinax margaritensis (Cory, 1918)
  • Eupsittula pertinax ocularis (Sclater, PL, 1865)
  • Eupsittula pertinax paraensis Sick, 1959
  • Eupsittula pertinax pertinax (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Eupsittula pertinax surinama Zimmer & Phelps, WH, 1951
  • Eupsittula pertinax tortugensis (Cory, 1909)
  • Eupsittula pertinax venezuelae Zimmer & Phelps, WH, 1951
  • Eupsittula pertinax xanthogenia (Bonaparte, 1850)
Eupsittula pertinax xanthogenia on the island of Bonaire, Netherlands Antilles
Eupsittula pertinax venezuelae; a pet in Cagua, Aragua, Venezuela
Eupsittula pertinax aeruginosa in the Caribbean Region of Colombia
Eupsittula pertinax ocularis; a juvenile kept as a pet in Panama
A pet parrot


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Aratinga pertinax". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012. Retrieved 16 July 2012.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  2. ^ "Zoological Nomenclature Resource: Psittaciformes (Version 9.013)". 2008-12-29.

External links[edit]