Brown College at Monroe Hill
|Campus||12 Portals located at former President James Monroe's Hill House|
|Affiliations||University of Virginia|
Brown College at Monroe Hill is one of three residential colleges at the University of Virginia. Originally named Monroe Hill College, Brown opened in 1986 as the first modern residential college at the University of Virginia. It was renamed Brown College at Monroe Hill in recognition of the endowment donated by the Brown family (of the Brown-Forman Corporation) in 1994. The college is led by Dr. Michael Chad Wellmon, principal, and Dr. Stephen Plaskon, Director of Studies. About fifty faculty fellows from many departments and schools of the university maintain close ties to the college.
The compound that conforms the college is principally made of the following buildings known as portals: Davis, Smith, Mallet, Long, Venable, Gildersleeve, McGuffey, Harrison, Tucker, Holmes, Rogers and Peters. Each portal houses approximately 24 students and all twelve are connected by underground passages frequently referred to as tunnels.
|Location||252 and 256 McCormick Rd., Charlottesville, Virginia|
|Area||2.2 acres (0.89 ha)|
|Built by||Perry, John|
|Architectural style||Early Republic, Classical Revival|
|NRHP reference #||04000575|
|Added to NRHP||June 2, 2004|
|Designated VLR||March 17, 2004|
The historic Monroe Hill complex includes the Monroe Hill House, the James Monroe law office, and two arcaded ranges constructed as student rooms. The Monroe Hill House was James Monroe's residence and family farm, and the Grounds of the University of Virginia are built upon land purchased from the former president. The Monroe Hill House is the original house in which Monroe resided. The original section of the house was built about 1790, as a one-story, 26 by 20 feet, brick dwelling. It was enlarged in 1814, by John Perry to a two-story, five bay, brick dwelling with a Greek Revival facade. It has stucco covered front and rear facades, a low hipped roof, and a one-story portico with paired Tuscan order columns. The James Monroe Law Office was built about 1790, and is a 1 1/2-story, two bay, brick building with a fieldstone foundation. It consists of two small rooms on the first floor with a steep stair in a narrow hall leading to the second floor. The two arcaded ranges, built in 1848 and known as the Brown Range and Dawson Range, consist of six student rooms each. The Brown Range connects the main house to the James Monroe Law Office. In 1848, the site became a residential college for students given grants by the Commonwealth of Virginia to attend the University of Virginia. Monroe Hill continues to be used for educational purposes as a residential college, now known as Brown College.
When built in 1929, the portals were the first new dormitories since the founding of the University, and originally housed first year students.
- 1929: The portals were built as a response to growing numbers of students at the University.
- 1935: Portals designated first year only residences
- 1952: McCormick Road Residences built for first years
- 1970s: Dorms transition from male graduate housing to coed, graduate and upperclass undergraduate housing
- 1986: Monroe Hill College residential college established
- 1994: Renamed Brown College at Monroe Hill and made a permanent residential college
- 1997: First years (30) are allowed to live in Brown College
- 2006: Number of first years increases from 30 to 46
Brown College's population is made of undergraduate students. The acceptance process into Brown College is competitive requiring completion of a formal application which includes several out-of-the-ordinary essay questions, such as "You have taken yourself hostage. Write a list of your demands." and "You are a 7-year-old child with the diction and lexicon of a 35-year-old college professor, but an emotional depth befitting your age. Have a temper tantrum." Applicants are also given a blank page and instructed to use it as they see fit.
Applications are written, read, and scored by only current Brown College residents. Afterwards, a waiting list of students is posted online on the Brown College website. Students whose names on the waiting list become highlighted green are offered a room in Brown. Once a student has been accepted and chooses to live in Brown College, that student is guaranteed residence until he or she graduates from the University.
The student leadership of Brown is provided by both the Brown College Governance Board (Govboard) and the Resident Staff (Res Staff), all of whom may use money budgeted for student activities. Intra-portal events are run by Portal Representatives, and have ranged from cultural dinners and movies to more edgy events such as "Eat and Get Out," "Picto-telephone," and "Guess the Behind."
Events meant for the general Brown Community are run by co-chairs:
- Arts, Culture, and Entertainment (ACE): Responsible for bringing the arts and other cultural events to Brown
- Alumni: Responsible for maintaining a relationship with alumni of Brown College.
- Athletics: Formally known as Intramurals. Responsible for planning events to keep Brown members active and healthy.
- Earth, Wind & Fire: Responsible for promoting conservation, outdoors, and sustainability in Brown.
- Community Outreach: Responsible for keeping Brown in touch with other organizations at UVA.
- Faculty Liaisons: Responsible for planning events where students and faculty members can meet in a more casual setting than the classroom.
- Hauntings: In charge of organizing the annual Hauntings at Monroe Hill, a haunted house to raise money for charity during Halloween.
- Media: Responsible for recording events around Brown for the benefit of current and future Brownies
- Membership: Responsible for creating the college's application as well as overseeing the reading and scoring of submitted applications
- New Brownie Liaisons: Formally known as First Year Liaisons. Responsible for acclimating new residents into Brown as well as the University
- Panjandrum: Responsible for miscellaneous and/or large scale purchases for the college, from Lego to picnic tables, or dish soap to Xbox 360s
- Public Relations: Responsible for getting Brown's name and its public events out to the University.
- Social: Responsible for the two semi-formal dances, a spring carnival, and a host of other events for all of Brown
- Techmasters: Responsible for running Brown College website and keeping it up to date.
The Officers of Govboard consist of the Grand Poobah, the Shama Llama Ding Dong, and the annually renamed Treasurer, as well as the office of Secretary, which will also be annually renamed. The names were chosen on the theory that their powers would be more difficult to abuse given such humorous and unlikely titles. The Grand Poohbah roughly corresponds with the position of President, and is responsible for managing external relations. The Shama Llama Ding Dong, with position similar to a Vice President, runs the weekly Govboard meetings and all internal affairs.
Each semester, Brown College offers the university community intellectually engaging courses and short courses on a range of diverse topics such as "Arthurian Legend," "The Influence of Schopenhauerian Metaphysics in Wagner," and "History and Science of the Modern Firearm." Most of these short courses are taught by students living in Brown.
In the fall, Brown College puts on Hauntings- a series of haunted tents and rooms constructed within three days and taken down one day after the run completes. Hauntings, which began in 1990, raises money for charity and provides a tradition for both the students at the University of Virginia and the local families of Charlottesville, Virginia.
Documentaries and Other Media
Monroe Hill (Cradle of the University of Virginia) Documentary-essay tracing the roots and historical context of James Monroe's first home in Albemarle County. The property known as Monroe Hill, which serves as the administrative offices of Brown Residential College, is located in grounds of the University of Virginia. Produced by Heritage Film Project | Color and Black and White | HD | 50 min. | 16:9
- "Brown Family Gift Endows Monroe Hill Residential College". Inside UVA. 1994-02-04. Archived from the original on 2006-09-17.
- "Welcome to Principal Chad Wellmon | Brown College at Monroe Hill". browncollege.virginia.edu. Retrieved 2019-03-01.
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. July 9, 2010.
- "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Archived from the original on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 5 June 2013.
- Amanda Davis and Gwendolyn K. White (September 2003). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Monroe Hill" (PDF). Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-09-26. Retrieved 2013-10-15. and Accompanying four photos Archived 2012-09-26 at the Wayback Machine
- Dabney, Virginius (1981). Mr. Jefferson's University: A History. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press. p. 88. ISBN 0-8139-0904-X.[permanent dead link]
- "On Grounds: Monroe Hill Dormitories". Housing History. Retrieved 2008-05-01.
- "On Grounds: McCormick Road Dormitories". Housing History. Retrieved 2008-05-01.
- Schapiro, Mark (1971-04-27). "Resident Counselors Chosen For Upperclass Program". Cavalier Daily.
- Wheeler, Tim (1971-11-17). "Housing Committee Proposes Full Co-education Of Dorms". Cavalier Daily.
- Petty, Richard (1972-02-17). "Counselors Pick Zablow For Resident Chairman". Cavalier Daily. Archived from the original on 2011-07-20.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2005-05-05. Retrieved 2007-03-05.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- http://www.brown-college.org/wiki/index.php/46_Chinchilla_Brigade[permanent dead link]
- "2012 Brown College Application" (PDF). Brown College. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-06-05.
- "2010 Brown College Application" (PDF). Brown College.[permanent dead link]
- "Brown's Mythical Scroll of Wonders to Behold" (PDF). Brown Governance Board. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-09-07.
- Documentary Illuminates History of Overshadowed Monroe Hill. UVA Today, July 1, 2015