Brown County, South Dakota

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Brown County, South Dakota
Brown county south dakota courthouse aberdeen.jpg
Map of South Dakota highlighting Brown County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
FoundedJuly 6, 1881[1]
SeatAberdeen
Largest cityAberdeen
Area
 • Total1,731 sq mi (4,483 km2)
 • Land1,713 sq mi (4,437 km2)
 • Water18 sq mi (47 km2), 1.0%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)39,178
 • Density22.9/sq mi (8.8/km2)
Congressional districtAt-large
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5
Websitewww.brown.sd.us

Brown County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 36,531,[2] making it the fourth-most populous county in South Dakota. Its county seat is Aberdeen.[3] The county is named for Alfred Brown, of Hutchinson County, South Dakota, a Dakota Territory legislator in 1879.[1][4]

Brown County is part of the Aberdeen, SD Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

Brown County lies on the north side of South Dakota. Its north boundary line abuts the south boundary line of the state of North Dakota. The James River flows south-southwest through the county; its entry point into neighboring Spink County marks Brown County's lowest elevation: 1,266' (386m) ASL.[5] The terrain of Brown County consists of rolling terrain, sloping to the south and east, largely devoted to agriculture.[6]

The county has a total area of 1,731 square miles (4,480 km2), of which 1,713 square miles (4,440 km2) is land and 18 square miles (47 km2) (1.0%) is water.[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[edit]

  • Bodi State Game Production Area (part)
  • Casanova State Game Production Area
  • Columbia Sttae Game Production Area
  • Cutler State Game Production Area
  • Diagonal Trees State Game Production Area
  • Elm Creek State Game Production Area (part)
  • Erickson State Game Production Area
  • Hansen Preserve State Game Production Area
  • Hart Quarter State Game Production Area
  • Hecla State Game Production Area
  • Jilek-Dahme State Game Production Area
  • Pigors Lake State Game Production Area
  • Putney Slough State Game Production Area
  • Putney State Game Production Area
  • Renziehausen Slough State Game Bird Refuge
  • Renziehausen State Game Production Area (part)
  • Richmond Dam State Game Production Area
  • Richmond Lake State Recreation Area
  • Richmond State Lakeside Use Area
  • Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge
  • Zabrasha State Game Production Area

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880353
189016,8554,674.8%
190015,286−9.3%
191025,86769.2%
192029,50914.1%
193031,4586.6%
194029,676−5.7%
195032,6179.9%
196034,1064.6%
197036,9208.3%
198036,9620.1%
199035,580−3.7%
200035,460−0.3%
201036,5313.0%
Est. 201839,316[8]7.6%
US Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2017[2]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[13] there were 35,460 people, 14,638 households, and 9,324 families in the county. The population density was 21 people per square mile (8/km²). There were 15,861 housing units at an average density of 9 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.47% White, 0.28% Black or African American, 2.72% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.18% from other races, and 0.86% from two or more races. 0.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 55.0% were of German and 12.7% of Norwegian ancestry.

There were 14,638 households out of which 29.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.80% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.30% were non-families. 30.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.91.

The county population contained 23.60% under the age of 18, 11.60% from 18 to 24, 26.70% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 16.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,017, and the median income for a family was $44,788. Males had a median income of $29,592 versus $20,445 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,464. About 7.00% of families and 9.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.30% of those under age 18 and 10.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 36,531 people, 15,489 households, and 9,374 families in the county.[14] The population density was 21.3 inhabitants per square mile (8.2/km2). There were 16,706 housing units at an average density of 9.8 per square mile (3.8/km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 93.2% white, 3.0% American Indian, 1.0% Asian, 0.5% black or African American, 0.1% Pacific islander, 0.4% from other races, and 1.7% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 1.4% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry,[16]

Of the 15,489 households, 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 8.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.5% were non-families, and 33.0% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.89. The median age was 38.6 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $45,615 and the median income for a family was $58,683. Males had a median income of $37,997 versus $28,419 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,878. About 5.6% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.6% of those under age 18 and 15.4% of those age 65 or over.[17]

Politics[edit]

Brown County was long a Democratic stronghold, home to notable Democrats including South Dakota Governor Ralph Herseth, US Senate majority leader Tom Daschle, and Congresswoman Stephanie Herseth Sandlin. It generally voted Democratic except in Republican landslides (though often relatively narrowly margins) in presidential elections from 1932 until 1996. Since then it has trended Republican, particularly at the local level, although the county was carried by Barack Obama in 2008.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 59.7% 9,613 33.8% 5,452 6.5% 1,049
2012 51.8% 8,321 45.1% 7,250 3.1% 497
2008 46.3% 8,067 51.9% 9,041 1.8% 318
2004 55.8% 10,386 42.7% 7,943 1.5% 270
2000 54.7% 9,060 43.3% 7,173 2.0% 323
1996 41.4% 6,801 48.1% 7,913 10.5% 1,733
1992 36.9% 6,665 41.7% 7,521 21.4% 3,861
1988 49.3% 8,537 50.1% 8,673 0.5% 92
1984 60.4% 10,541 39.2% 6,852 0.4% 72
1980 58.6% 10,550 33.6% 6,050 7.8% 1,399
1976 45.8% 7,609 53.4% 8,888 0.8% 136
1972 49.4% 8,134 49.9% 8,216 0.6% 101
1968 46.0% 6,685 50.2% 7,302 3.9% 560
1964 37.8% 5,524 62.2% 9,107
1960 50.5% 8,037 49.6% 7,893
1956 53.3% 8,193 46.7% 7,184
1952 60.9% 9,581 39.1% 6,140
1948 43.4% 5,632 55.1% 7,148 1.5% 192
1944 46.9% 5,611 53.1% 6,352
1940 45.1% 6,598 55.0% 8,048
1936 32.2% 4,505 65.6% 9,177 2.2% 311
1932 34.1% 4,639 63.7% 8,669 2.2% 293
1928 58.0% 7,266 40.5% 5,065 1.5% 191
1924 60.7% 2,740 8.0% 361 31.3% 1,415
1920 56.5% 5,581 13.8% 1,364 29.6% 2,926
1916 45.2% 2,659 45.5% 2,676 9.3% 549
1912 0.0% 0 50.7% 2,488 49.3% 2,420
1908 55.9% 2,646 37.5% 1,772 6.6% 313
1904 66.3% 2,737 23.9% 988 9.7% 402
1900 54.4% 2,197 42.7% 1,722 2.9% 118
1896 46.2% 1,618 53.3% 1,867 0.6% 21
1892 45.3% 1,446 8.8% 279 45.9% 1,465

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

  • Aberdeen
  • Allison
  • Bates
  • Bath
  • Brainard
  • Cambria
  • Carlisle
  • Claremont
  • Columbia
  • East Hanson
  • East Rondell
  • Franklyn
  • Frederick
  • Garden Prairie
  • Garland
  • Gem
  • Greenfield
  • Groton
  • Hecla
  • Henry
  • Highland
  • Lansing
  • Liberty
  • Lincoln
  • Mercier
  • New Hope
  • North Detroit
  • Oneota
  • Ordway
  • Osceola
  • Palmyra
  • Portage
  • Prairiewood
  • Putney
  • Ravinia
  • Richland
  • Riverside
  • Savo
  • Shelby
  • South Detroit
  • Warner
  • West Hanson
  • West
  • Westport

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Legislative Manual, South Dakota, 2005, p. 596
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 26, 2013.
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  4. ^ History of the Origin of the Place Names in Nine Northwestern States. 1908. p. 12.
  5. ^ "Find an Altitude" Google Maps (accessed January 30, 2019)
  6. ^ Brown County SD Google Maps (accessed January 30, 2019)
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 22, 2015.
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved March 22, 2015.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 22, 2015.
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 22, 2015.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 22, 2015.
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  14. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  17. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 11, 2016.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
  19. ^ James SD Google Maps (accessed 30 January 2019)
  20. ^ Nahon SD Google Maps (accessed 30 January 2019)
  21. ^ Richmond SD Google Maps (accessed 30 January 2019)
  22. ^ Richmond Heights SD Google Maps (accessed 30 January 2019)
  23. ^ Tacoma Park SD Google Maps (accessed 30 January 2019)
  24. ^ Winship SD Google Maps (accessed January 30, 2019)

Coordinates: 45°36′N 98°21′W / 45.60°N 98.35°W / 45.60; -98.35