Brown Deer, Wisconsin

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Brown Deer, Wisconsin
Location of Brown Deer in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin.
Location of Brown Deer in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin.
Coordinates: 43°10′22″N 87°58′40″W / 43.17278°N 87.97778°W / 43.17278; -87.97778Coordinates: 43°10′22″N 87°58′40″W / 43.17278°N 87.97778°W / 43.17278; -87.97778
Country United States
State Wisconsin
CountyMilwaukee
Area
 • Total4.39 sq mi (11.38 km2)
 • Land4.39 sq mi (11.38 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation692 ft (211 m)
Population
 • Total12,507
 • Density2,848/sq mi (1,095/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
Area code(s)414
FIPS code55-10375[4]
GNIS feature ID1562261[2]
Websitewww.browndeerwi.org

Brown Deer is a village in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin, United States. As a suburb of Milwaukee, it is part of the Milwaukee metropolitan area. The population was 12,507 at the 2020 census.

History[edit]

The Brown Deer area was organized as part of the Town of Milwaukee in 1835,[5] and the first white settlers began arriving around that time from New England and New York, including some settlers from Granville, New York. In 1841, the Town of Milwaukee was subdivided and the Brown Deer area became part of the new Town of Granville. In the 1800s, the town was a predominantly agricultural community, and many residents were of German and Irish extraction.[6]

The Village of Brown Deer has its origins in a rural hamlet that formed at a crossroads in the northeastern quadrant of the Town of Granville in the 1870s. The area remained characteristically rural from the 19th century through the mid-1940s, when the post–World War II economic expansion caused a building boom in the area, and many of the farms were subdivided into suburban residential neighborhoods.[6]

In the 1950s, Milwaukee mayor Frank Zeidler's administration pursued an agenda of annexing unincorporated areas of Milwaukee County to grow the city. In 1951 and 1952, the city began proceedings to annex parts of the Town of Granville. Some residents in the Brown Deer area did not want their community to become part of Milwaukee and organized to incorporate as a village in 1953 in order to stave off annexation. Milwaukee challenged the incorporation, but after a protracted court battle, the Wisconsin Supreme Court upheld Brown Deer's right to incorporate. When the Village of Brown Deer incorporated on January 20, 1955, it had an area of 1.8 square miles.[6][7]

In 1955, the Village of Brown Deer and the City of Milwaukee scrambled to annex more of the Town of Granville, with Brown Deer making five annexations by the year's end. In 1956, the city and the village both attempted to annex all of the Town of Granville's remaining territory. The municipalities began a court battle that would last until 1962.[7] Most of Granville's residents supported annexation by Milwaukee, but some favored Brown Deer's lower tax rates. The Wisconsin Supreme Court initially awarded the territory to Brown Deer, before overruling its own decision and awarding the territory to Milwaukee in 1959. The courts reaffirmed their decision in 1962 when they ruled that Brown Deer's 1956 annexation ordinances were invalid, and awarded sixteen square miles of the former Town of Granville to the City of Milwaukee.[8]

In August 2013, the village was listed as 19th on CNNMoney's rankings of Best Places to Live - Where Homes Are Affordable, the highest ranking community in the state of Wisconsin.[9]

Geography[edit]

Brown Deer is located at 43°10′22″N 87°58′40″W / 43.17278°N 87.97778°W / 43.17278; -87.97778 (43.172858, -87.977899).[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 4.40 square miles (11.40 km2), all of it land.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
196011,280
197012,58211.5%
198012,9212.7%
199012,236−5.3%
200012,170−0.5%
201011,999−1.4%
202012,5074.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[12] [13]

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the village was $61,097. The per capita income for the village was $28,525. About 5.8% people of all ages live below the poverty line. The median value of owner occupied housing units was $175,600.

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2010, there were 11,999 people, 5,275 households, and 3,199 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,729.5 people per square mile (1,694.5/km2). There were 5,579 housing units at an average density of 1,267.95 per square mile (787.8/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 61.9% White, 28.6% African American, 0.04% Native American, 4.9% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.01% from other races, and 3.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.9% of the population.

Brown Deer is one of only three Milwaukee suburbs (Glendale and West Milwaukee being the others) where African-Americans make up at least 10% of the general population.

There were 5,275 households, of which 26.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.5% were married couples living together, 11.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.4% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals living alone, and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 20.9% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 12.8% from 25 to 34, 20.7% from 35 to 49, 21.5% from 50 to 64, and 16.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41.8 years. 52% of the population was female and 48% was male.

Education[edit]

Brown Deer High School

Algonquin Elementary School was formerly located on N. 47th Street. It served kindergarten through 2nd grade until it was closed in 2007.[14]

In 2007, the Brown Deer Schools merged Algonquin into Dean Elementary School (which formerly taught only K4 to 4th grade).

Dean Elementary School was formerly located on N. 55th Street. It served kindergarten through sixth graders but was closed and torn down in 2013.[15] The school, now called Brown Deer Elementary School, serves K4-6th grade.

The former Brown Deer Middle School (5th to 8th grades) and Brown Deer High School (9th to 12th grades) were merged in 2013, so the school now serves 7th-12th grades.

Brown Deer Middle School/High School and Brown Deer Elementary School are located on N. 60th Street. Enrollment is about 1600 students in grades K through 12.[16]

Notable residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2020-08-07.
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  4. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "Encyclopedia of Milwaukee: Milwaukee County". University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  6. ^ a b c "Village of Brown Deer, Wisconsin: History". Village of Brown Deer. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  7. ^ a b "Village of Brown Deer". University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  8. ^ "Encyclopedia of Milwaukee: Granville". University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee. Retrieved 29 June 2021.
  9. ^ "19". money.cnn.com. Retrieved 2021-04-23.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-02. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved 2015-06-04.
  13. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/browndeervillagewisconsin/PST045219
  14. ^ [1]
  15. ^ "Students celebrate the closing of Dean Elementary School". fox6now.com. 13 June 2013. Retrieved 2021-04-23.
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-09-18.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  17. ^ Wisconsin Legislative Reference Bureau.

External links[edit]