Brown eared pheasant
|Brown eared pheasant|
The brown eared pheasant (Crossoptilon mantchuricum) is a large, 96–100 cm long, dark brown pheasant endemic to the mountain forests of northeastern China (Shanxi province). It has stiff white ear coverts behind the eyes, which look like a moustache. The crown is black with red bare facial skin and its tail of twenty-two elongated white feathers is curved, loose and dark-tipped. Both sexes are similar in plumage.
The rarest member in the genus Crossoptilon, its diet consists mainly of roots, bulbs, and plant matter. The female lays five to eight large eggs. The eggs are pale stone green in color and take 28 days to hatch.
Due to isolated population, deforestation and still hunted although legally protected by China, the brown eared pheasant is evaluated as Vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is listed on Appendix I of CITES.