The brown cuckoo-dove (Macropygia phasianella) is a dove in the genus Macropygia found in Australia from Weipa and Aurukun in the north to Bega in the south, and most inland at Atherton and Toowoomba. It is sometimes called "brown pigeon" or "pheasant pigeon", but both terms are best avoided, as they can lead to confusion with the brown doves and the true pheasant pigeon. It was one of three new species defined when the slender-billed cuckoo-dove was split up in 2016.
The brown cuckoo-dove is from 40 to 43 centimetres (16 to 17 in) in length. The feathers are a rich rusty-brown colour, and the short wings, long tail and back are darker. The males tend to have a slight rose/green colouration on their nape and neck.
The call of this dove is a very loud "whoop-a whoop" with some differences depending on the subspecies involved.
The doves can often be seen in pairs or groups. Its diet consists of berries from both native plants and introduced weed species. They can be nomadic, depending on the supplies of food. They tend to fly short distances and low to the ground with great strength.
- M. p. quinkan Schodde, 1989 - Cape York Peninsula
- M. p. robinsoni Mathews, 1912 - Queensland
- M. p. phasianella (Temminck, 1821) - East and Southeast Australia
- Lamington National Park - Brown Cuckoo-Dove
- North Queensland Bird Watching - Brown Cuckoo-Dove
- Pizzey and Knight, "Field Guide to the Birds of Australia", Angus & Robertson, ISBN 0-207-19691-5
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