|Birth name||Walter Brown McGhee|
November 30, 1915|
Knoxville, Tennessee, United States
|Died||February 16, 1996
Oakland, California, United States
|Genres||Folk-blues, country blues, Piedmont blues, East Coast blues, blues revival|
|Instruments||Guitar, piano, kazoo, vocals|
|Associated acts||Stick McGhee, Sonny Terry|
Walter Brown "Brownie" McGhee (November 30, 1915 – February 16, 1996) was an African-American folk music and Piedmont blues singer and guitarist, best known for his collaboration with the harmonica player Sonny Terry.
Life and career
Brownie McGhee was born in Knoxville, Tennessee, and grew up in Kingsport, Tennessee. At about the age of four he contracted polio, which incapacitated his leg. His brother Granville "Sticks"(or "Stick") McGhee, who also later became a musician and composed the famous song "Drinkin' Wine Spo-Dee-o-Dee," was nicknamed for pushing young Brownie around in a cart. Their father, George McGhee, was a factory worker known around University Avenue for playing guitar and singing. Brownie's uncle made him a guitar from a tin marshmallow box and a piece of board.
McGhee spent much of his youth immersed in music, singing with a local harmony group, the Golden Voices Gospel Quartet, and teaching himself to play guitar. He also played the five-string banjo and ukulele and studied piano. Surgery funded by the March of Dimes enabled McGhee to walk.
At age 22, McGhee became a traveling musician, working in the Rabbit Foot Minstrels and befriending Blind Boy Fuller, whose guitar playing influenced him greatly. After Fuller's death in 1941, J. B. Long of Columbia Records promoted McGhee as "Blind Boy Fuller No. 2." By that time, McGhee was recording for Columbia's subsidiary Okeh Records in Chicago, but his real success came after he moved to New York in 1942, when he teamed up with Sonny Terry, whom he had known since 1939, when Terry was Fuller's harmonica player. The pairing was an overnight success. They recorded and toured together until around 1980. As a duo, Terry and McGhee did most of their work from 1958 until 1980, spending 11 months of each year touring and recording dozens of albums.
Despite their later fame as "pure" folk artists playing for white audiences, in the 1940s Terry and McGhee had attempted to be successful recording artists, fronting a jump blues combo with honking saxophone and rolling piano, variously calling themselves Brownie McGhee and his Jook House Rockers or Sonny Terry and his Buckshot Five, often with Champion Jack Dupree and Big Chief Ellis. They also appeared in the original Broadway productions of Finian's Rainbow and Cat on a Hot Tin Roof.
During the blues revival of the 1960s, Terry and McGhee were popular on the concert and music festival circuits, occasionally adding new material but usually remaining faithful to their roots and playing to the tastes of their audiences.
Late in his life, McGhee appeared in small roles in films and on television. Both he and Terry appeared in the 1979 Steve Martin comedy The Jerk. In 1987, McGhee gave a small but memorable performance as the ill-fated blues singer Toots Sweet in the supernatural thriller movie Angel Heart. In his review of Angel Heart, the critic Roger Ebert singled out McGhee for praise, declaring that he delivered a "performance that proves [saxophonist] Dexter Gordon isn't the only old musician who can act." McGhee appeared in the television series Family Ties, in a 1988 episode entitled "The Blues, Brother", in which he played the fictional blues musician Eddie Dupre. He also appeared in the television series Matlock, in a 1989 episode entitled "The Blues Singer".
Happy Traum, a former guitar student of McGhee's, edited a blues guitar instruction guide and songbook, Guitar Styles of Brownie McGhee, published in 1971, in which McGhee, between lessons, talked about his life and the blues. The autobiographical section features McGhee talking about growing up, his musical beginnings, and a history of the early blues (from the 1930s onward).
- Traditional Blues, Vol. 1 (Folkways Records, 1951)
- Brownie McGhee Blues (Folkways, 1955)
- Brownie McGhee Sings the Blues (Folkways, 1959)
- Traditional Blues, Vol. 2 (Folkways, 1960)
- Brownie's Blues (Original Blues Classics, 1962)
- Blues Is Truth (Blues Alliance, 1976)
- Facts of Life (Blues Rock'It, 1985)
- The Folkways Years, 1945–1959 (Smithsonian Folkways, 1991)
With Sonny Terry
- Brownie McGhee Blues (Folkways, 1955)
- Washboard Band: Country Dance Music (Folkways, 1956)
- Folk Songs of Sonny Terry and Brownie McGhee (Roulette, 1958)
- Blues with Big Bill Broonzy, Sonny Terry and Brownie McGhee (Folkways, 1959)
- Sonny & Brownie (A&M Records, 1973)
- Brownie McGhee and Sonny Terry Sing (Smithsonian Folkways, 1990)
- American folk music
- Woody Guthrie
- List of blues musicians
- List of people from Tennessee
- List of folk musicians
- Doc Rock. "The Dead Rock Stars Club 1996–1997". Thedeadrockstarsclub.com. Retrieved 2011-11-08.
- Du Noyer, Paul (2003). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Music. Fulham, London: Flame Tree Publishing. p. 181. ISBN 1-904041-96-5.
- AllMusic biography
- Neely, Jack (1995). Knoxville's Secret History. Scruffy City Publishing.
- Ebert, Roger (March 6, 1987). "Angel Heart". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved 2010-07-29.
- Center for Southern African American Music - Brownie McGhee — McGhee bio and audio samples
- Brownie McGhee at the Internet Movie Database