Browns Valley, Minnesota
|Browns Valley, Minnesota|
Location of Browns Valley
within Traverse County, Minnesota
|• Total||0.79 sq mi (2.05 km2)|
|• Land||0.79 sq mi (2.05 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||988 ft (301 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||570|
|• Density||745.6/sq mi (287.9/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0659752|
Browns Valley lies along the Little Minnesota River between the northern end of Big Stone Lake and the southern end of Lake Traverse, which is separated from the Little Minnesota River by a low and narrow continental divide that skirts the northern edge of town. The city, both lakes, and the river lie in the Traverse Gap, the bed of ancient, south-flowing Glacial River Warren, the outlet to Glacial Lake Agassiz which, when drained, became the valley of the north-flowing Red River of the North.
Browns Valley was first settled in 1867 by Joseph R. Brown, and named for him. The settlement was platted in 1878. A post office was established in the community in 1867 under the name Lake Traverse. The post office was renamed Browns Valley in 1872. Two properties in the city are listed on the National Register of Historic Places: the 1864 Fort Wadsworth Agency and Scout Headquarters Building within Sam Brown Memorial State Wayside and the 1916 Browns Valley Carnegie Library.
The Browns Valley weather station often records some of Minnesota's highest summer temperatures. For example, on July 31, 2007, a high of 107 °F (42 °C) was registered.
Browns Valley Lies in the center of Traverse Gap, a valley and ancient riverbed. This valley is also home to a continental divide. The divide is the southernmost point of the Northern Divide between the watersheds of the Arctic and the Atlantic Oceans. The area is also home to Browns Valley Man, the oldest human remains found in Minnesota. The remains were found in Traverse Gap and carbon dated to about 9,000 years ago.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 589 people, 247 households, and 141 families residing in the city. The population density was 745.6 inhabitants per square mile (287.9/km2). There were 288 housing units at an average density of 364.6 per square mile (140.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 75.2% White, 21.4% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.5% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.7% of the population.
There were 247 households of which 23.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.5% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 42.9% were non-families. 40.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 24.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.97.
The median age in the city was 48.3 years. 22.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 5.4% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 18.7% were from 25 to 44; 23.7% were from 45 to 64; and 30.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.0% male and 54.0% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 690 people, 285 households, and 171 families residing in the city. The population density was 878.5 people per square mile (337.2/km²). There were 317 housing units at an average density of 403.6 per square mile (154.9/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 82.61% White, 15.80% Native American, 0.43% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 0.14% from other races, and 0.87% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.74% of the population.
There were 285 households out of which 26.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.0% were non-families. 36.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the city the population was spread out with 24.5% under the age of 18, 7.4% from 18 to 24, 17.8% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 31.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 45 years. For every 100 females there were 86.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,563, and the median income for a family was $30,208. Males had a median income of $25,500 versus $20,139 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,062. About 10.3% of families and 14.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.5% of those under age 18 and 11.0% of those age 65 or over.
Notable residents and people
- Air Chief Marshal Sir Charles Burnett, an officer in the Royal Air Force and the Royal Australian Air Force during both World Wars
- Osborne Cowles, basketball coach
- Charles M. Dale, Governor of New Hampshire
- Arthur C. Townley, politician
In March 2007, Browns Valley was flooded from the north and west by the Little Minnesota River. 100 people had to be evacuated from their homes, a significant percentage of the town's population. The damage was significant enough to warrant a visit from Governor Tim Pawlenty and Congressman Collin Peterson.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-13.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-28.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census. Retrieved 23 April 2011.
- Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 551.
- "Traverse County". Jim Forte Postal History. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- Mark Seeley (2006). "Minnesota WeatherTalk for Friday, August 4, 2006". Retrieved 2007-07-21.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- Barrass, Malcolm. "Air Chief Marshal Sir Charles Burnett". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 7 July 2011.
- Post, Tim (2007-03-15). "Flood recedes but tempers rise in Browns Valley". News and Features. Minnesota Public Radio. Retrieved 2007-06-02.
- Post, Tim (2007-03-16). "Pawlenty and Peterson tour Browns Valley". News and Features. Minnesota Public Radio. Retrieved 2007-06-02.
- Official site of the City of Browns Valley, MN 56219
- "Browns Valley, MN Spring 2007". Flooding. JOR Engineering, Inc. 2007-03-14. Retrieved 2007-05-10. Aerial photographs of March 2007 flooding of Traverse Gap, showing flooding of Browns Valley.