Brownsville, Oregon

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Brownsville, Oregon
City
C. J. Howe Building in downtown
C. J. Howe Building in downtown
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 44°23′36″N 122°59′1″W / 44.39333°N 122.98361°W / 44.39333; -122.98361Coordinates: 44°23′36″N 122°59′1″W / 44.39333°N 122.98361°W / 44.39333; -122.98361
Country United States
State Oregon
County Linn
Incorporated 1876
Government
 • Mayor Don Ware
Area[1]
 • Total 1.34 sq mi (3.47 km2)
 • Land 1.34 sq mi (3.47 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 265 ft (81 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,668
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 1,684
 • Density 1,244.8/sq mi (480.6/km2)
  U.S. Census
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97327
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-09050[2]
GNIS feature ID 1118140[4]
Website www.ci.brownsville.or.us

Brownsville is a city in Linn County, Oregon, United States. As of the 2010 census the population was 1,668.[2] It is the setting for the fictional Castle Rock, Oregon in the film Stand by Me.

History[edit]

Brownsville was originally known as "Calapooya" after the area's original inhabitants, the Kalapuya Indians, or "Kirk's Ferry", after the ferry operated across the Calapooia River by early settlers Alexander and Sarah Kirk.[5] When Linn County was created from the southern portion of Champoeg County on December 28, 1847, the Provisional Legislature named Calapooia as the county seat.[6] The Spaulding School in in Brownsville served as the original county courthouse.[6] Brownsville was named in honor of Hugh L. Brown, who settled there in 1846 and opened the first store.[7] In 1851, the Territorial Legislature passed an act establishing Albany as the county seat.[6] A special election in 1856 reaffirmed Albany as the county seat.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.34 square miles (3.47 km2), all land.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 143
1890 580 305.6%
1900 698 20.3%
1910 919 31.7%
1920 763 −17.0%
1930 746 −2.2%
1940 784 5.1%
1950 1,175 49.9%
1960 875 −25.5%
1970 1,034 18.2%
1980 1,261 22.0%
1990 1,281 1.6%
2000 1,449 13.1%
2010 1,668 15.1%
Est. 2014 1,693 [8] 1.5%
U.S. Decennial Census[9]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,668 people, 639 households, and 461 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,244.8 inhabitants per square mile (480.6/km2). There were 685 housing units at an average density of 511.2 per square mile (197.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.8% White, 0.3% African American, 1.2% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.8% from other races, and 3.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.1% of the population.[2]

There were 639 households of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 55.7% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 27.9% were non-families. 20.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.02.[2]

The median age in the city was 39.6 years. 25.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.8% were from 25 to 44; 29.3% were from 45 to 64; and 13.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.6% male and 52.4% female.[2]

2000 census[edit]

Baptist church in Brownsville

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,449 people, 535 households, and 411 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,116.2 people per square mile (430.4/km²). There were 579 housing units at an average density of 446.0 per square mile (172.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.65% White, 0.35% African American, 1.66% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.55% from other races, and 3.66% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.07% of the population.[2]

There were 535 households out of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.4% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.0% were non-families. 19.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.71 and the average family size was 3.07.[2]

In the city the population was spread out with 27.5% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 26.4% from 25 to 44, 27.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 102.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.9 males.[2]

The median income for a household in the city was $35,486, and the median income for a family was $39,671. Males had a median income of $37,400 versus $24,643 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,272. About 5.6% of families and 8.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.0% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "A Brief History of Brownsville". City of Brownsville. Archived from the original on September 3, 2009. Retrieved 2009-09-28. 
  6. ^ a b c http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/pages/records/local/county/linn/hist.html
  7. ^ McArthur, Lewis A.; McArthur, Lewis L. (2003). Oregon Geographic Names. Portland: Oregon Historical Society Press. p. 118. ISBN 0-87595-278X. 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Carey, Margaret Standish and Patricia Hoy Hainline, Brownsville: Linn County's Oldest Town. Brownsville, OR: Calapooia Publications, 1976.

External links[edit]