Web operating system
Web operating system and webOS are metacomputing terms that refer to network services for Internet scale distributed computing, as in the WebOS Project at UC Berkeley, and the WOS Project. In both cases, the scale of the "web operating system" extends across the Internet, like the web.
However, the terms webOS and web operating system have been employed more broadly and with far greater popularity in the context of "the web as in HTTP", and for many meanings ranging from singular systems to collections of systems. In April 2002, Tim O'Reilly spoke of "the emergent Internet operating system" as an open collection of Web services.
Common to uses for collections of systems, a web operating system is distinct from Internet operating systems in that it is independent of the traditional individual computer operating system. This conception of the system reflects an evolution of research in the field of operating systems into the increasingly minimized (for example, TinyOS and Exokernel) and distributed (for example, Inferno), and for distributed systems increasingly defined in terms of the specification of their network protocols more than their implementations (for example, Plan9's 9P).
In a usage referring to singular network services, a web operating system is another name for a Webtop. These services turn the desktop into a service that runs on the Internet rather than on the local computer. As these services include a file system and application management system, they increasingly overlap with the functionality of a traditional desktop computer operating system.
In a usage referring to desktop (or handheld) computer application environments, a web operating system is a traditional operating system that is focused on supporting Web applications themselves, or a desktop operating system solely providing Web access. Systems like these also are known as kiosks.
The first webOS and web-based desktop environment was invented by Sandro Pasquali in 1998, with patents filed in January 1999. Pasquali's invention of an online desktop environment led to the foundation of Simple.com (whose domain was recently sold to an online bank), which offered a complete online enterprise solution for the creation of online services within a desktop environment (Simple.com demo sample), and of InternetOne, which sold the core webOS technology invention.
WebOS gained popularity in 1999 when a much touted start up, WebOS Inc. (at first known as HyperOffice and later known as MyWebOS), was founded by Berkeley grad Shervin Pishevar and Emory grad Drew Morris. WebOS licensed the webOS technologies from Duke University and University of Texas at Austin and recruited Dr. Amin Vahdat, Professor of Computer Science at Duke, who had pioneered the webOS technologies at University of California at Berkeley where he got his PhD on his webOS research. WebOS acquired WebOS.org, which was created by a young Swedish programmer, Fredrik Malmer.
WebOS competed with another start up, Desktop.com, which was aimed more at the consumer market. WebOS was covered by many media outlets such as the Wall Street Journal, Financial Times, LA Times, Power Lunch on CNBC, Fox News and CNN and helped spread the WebOS meme further. WebOS launched Hyperoffice, a full office suite, back in 1999.
A 2003 scientific publication was made about BolinOS, a "Web Operating System for Internet / Radiology" based on works started in 1995 by the University of Geneva in Switzerland, and relates the diverse aspects of this kind of online platform, based on client and server side distribution of applications using platform independent software. The technology was adopted by Palm and released as Palm webOS in 2009. In 2010, Palm was acquired by Hewlett Packard and the technology was further developed into Open webOS.
- Web thin client
- Symbiose (web desktop)
- Glide OS
- Web 2.0
- Online office suite
- Interactive computation
- Universal space
- Cloud computing
- Online OS
- Amin Vahdat. "WebOS: Operating System Services for Wide Area Applications".
- Peter Kropf and John Plaice and Herwig Unger. "Towards a Web Operating System".
- Richard MacManus. "What is a WebOS?".
- eyeOS. "Open Source Web Desktop Environment, commonly known as Web Operating System (Web OS) or Web Office".
- YouOS. "What the heck is a web operating system?".
- "All the world's a platform". The Guardian (London). 2005-09-29.
- Tim O'Reilly. "Inventing the Future".
- Chang, Emily (2006-08-07). "eHub Interviews Sapotek". Retrieved 2009-01-09.[dead link]
- Kai Hendry. "Webconverger".
- Matthew Nourse. "cl33n".
- Steve Hargadon. "LiveKiosk".
- sandro-pasquali (Sandro Pasquali) · GitHub. Github.com (2011-03-08). Retrieved on 2013-06-14.
- United States Patent: 6272493. Patft.uspto.gov. Retrieved on 2013-06-14.
- SIMPLE.COM - Reviews & Brand Information - Tilga, Ms. Carolyn Santa Fe , - Serial Number: 75595206. Trademarkia.com. Retrieved on 2013-06-14.
- BankSimple Acquires & Changes Its Name to Simple.com. TheDomains.com. Retrieved on 2013-06-14.
- INTERNET ONE - Reviews & Brand Information - Wired Solutions, LLC. Santa Fe, NM - Serial Number: 75687702. Trademarkia.com. Retrieved on 2013-06-14.
- CA Inc. wins software patent lawsuit. Newsday.com (2009-09-11). Retrieved on 2013-06-14.
- PR Newswire UK: Simple.com Inc. files lawsuit against McAfee.com Inc. alleging copying of proprietary web technology. Prnewswire.co.uk (2000-03-22). Retrieved on 2013-06-14.
- "Press release for the extinct 'myWebOS.com'".
- "BolinOS IntRad - Multimedia Authoring Platform and Web Operating System for Internet / Radiology".