Broxbourne (UK Parliament constituency)

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Broxbourne
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Broxbourne in Hertfordshire
Outline map
Location of Hertfordshire within England
CountyHertfordshire
Population98,790 (2011 census)[1]
Electorate71,872 (December 2010)[2]
Major settlementsBroxbourne
Current constituency
Created1983
Member of Parliamentvacant
Number of membersone
Created fromHertfordshire East
Welwyn and Hatfield
Hertford and Stevenage[3]
Overlaps
European Parliament constituencyEast of England

Broxbourne is a constituency.[n 1]

Constituency profile[edit]

Broxbourne is, on the winning candidate's share of the vote, the safest seat for any Conservative in Hertfordshire and one of the safest in the country.

Just beyond the outer limits of Greater London,[4] the seat consists almost exclusively of low unemployment census output areas,[5] with walks, golf courses and leisure facilities and a relatively high proportion compared to Greater London of the retired and high-income self-employed,[6] Broxbourne's economy is also supported by good links to the City of London by train.[7]

Boundaries and boundary changes[edit]

1983-1997: The Borough of Broxbourne, the District of East Hertfordshire wards of Great Amwell, Little Amwell, and Stanstead, and the District of Welwyn Hatfield ward of Northaw.[8]

Formed as a Borough Constituency primarily from parts of the abolished County Constituency of East Hertfordshire, mainly consisting of the former Urban Districts of Cheshunt and Hoddesdon which had been combined to form the District of Broxbourne under the local government reorganisation of 1974 and also including Stanstead Abbotts and Great Amwell to the north and Northaw (transferred from Welwyn Hatfield) to the west.

1997–present: The Borough of Broxbourne, and the District of Welwyn Hatfield ward of Northaw.[9][10]

The three District of East Hertfordshire wards were transferred to Hertford and Stortford.

Changes proposed by the Boundary Commission[edit]

The Boundary Commission for England submitted their final proposals in respect of the Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster Constituencies (the 2018 review) in September 2018 which would reduce the total number of MPs from 650 to 600. Although the proposals were immediately laid before Parliament they were not brought forward by the Government for approval. Accordingly, they will not come into effect for the 2019 election due to take place on 12 December 2019, which will be contested using the constituency boundaries in place since 2010. .

In order to bring the constituency within the required electoral range, the Commission have recommended that the District of East Hertfordshire ward of Great Amwell be transferred back from Hertford and Stortford.[11]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[12][13] Party
1983 Dame Marion Roe Conservative
2005 Charles Walker Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

Candidates listed in alphabetical order of surname.

General election 2019: Broxbourne
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Democrat Julia Bird[14][15]
Green Nicholas Cox[16][17]
Brexit Party Maximilian Jackson[18]
Labour Sean Waters[19] [20]
General election 2017: Broxbourne[21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Walker 29,515 62.2 Increase 6.1
Labour Selina Norgrove 13,723 28.9 Increase 10.5
UKIP Tony Faulkner 1,918 4.0 Decrease 15.7
Liberal Democrat Andy Graham 1,481 3.1 Decrease 0.1
Green Tabitha Evans 848 1.8 Decrease 0.9
Majority 15,792 33.3 Decrease 3.0
Turnout 47,485 66.3 Increase 3.2
Conservative hold Swing Decrease 2.2
General election 2015: Broxbourne[22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Walker 25,797 56.1 Decrease 2.7
UKIP David Platt 9,074 19.7 Increase 15.6
Labour Edward Robinson 8,470 18.4 Increase 0.8
Liberal Democrat Anthony Rowlands 1,467 3.2 Decrease 10.2
Green Russell Secker 1,216 2.6 N/A
Majority 16,723 36.3 Decrease 4.9
Turnout 46,024 63.1 Decrease 0.9
Conservative hold Swing Decrease 9.2
General election 2010: Broxbourne[23][24]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Walker 26,844 58.8 Increase 4.9
Labour Michael Watson 8,040 17.6 Decrease 7.9
Liberal Democrat Allan Witherick 6,107 13.4 Increase 1.1
BNP Steve McCole 2,159 4.7 Steady
UKIP Martin J. Harvey 1,890 4.1 Increase 0.5
English Democrat Debbie Lemay 618 1.4 Increase 1.4
Majority 18,804 41.2 Increase 12.9
Turnout 45,658 64.0 Increase 4.7
Conservative hold Swing Increase 4.7

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General election 2005: Broxbourne[25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Charles Walker 21,878 53.8 Decrease 0.3
Labour Jamie Bolden 10,369 25.5 Decrease 4.9
Liberal Democrat Andrew Porrer 4,973 12.2 Increase 1.2
BNP Andrew Emerson 1,929 4.7 Increase 2.5
UKIP Martin J. Harvey 1,479 3.6 Increase 1.3
Majority 11,509 28.3 Increase 4.6
Turnout 40,628 59.7 Increase 4.0
Conservative hold Swing Increase 2.3
General election 2001: Broxbourne[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Marion Roe 20,487 54.1 Increase 5.3
Labour David Prendergast 11,494 30.4 Decrease 4.3
Liberal Democrat Julia Davies 4,158 11.0 Decrease 0.3
UKIP Martin Harvey 858 2.3 N/A
BNP John Cope 848 2.2 Increase 0.9
Majority 8,993 23.8 Increase 9.6
Turnout 37,845 55.7 Decrease 14.6
Conservative hold Swing Increase 4.8

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General election 1997: Broxbourne[27]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Marion Roe 22,952 48.8 Decrease 13.4
Labour Benjamin Coleman 16,299 34.7 Increase 13.3
Liberal Democrat Julia Davies 5,310 11.3 Decrease 4.7
Referendum David Millward 1,633 3.5 N/A
BNP David Bruce 610 1.3 N/A
National Liberal Party Benjamin Alexander Cheetham 172 0.4 N/A
Majority 6,653 14.2 Decrease 27.4
Turnout 46,976 70.3 Decrease 9.6
Conservative hold Swing Decrease 13.7
General election 1992: Broxbourne[28][29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Marion Roe 36,094 62.6 Decrease 0.6
Labour Martin Hudson 12,124 21.0 Increase 4.1
Liberal Democrat Julia Davies 9,244 16.0 Decrease 3.9
Natural Law George Woolhouse 198 0.3 N/A
Majority 23,970 41.6 Decrease 1.7
Turnout 57,660 79.9 Increase 4.7
Conservative hold Swing Decrease 2.4

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General election 1987: Broxbourne[30]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Marion Roe 33,567 63.2 Increase 4.4
Liberal Eunice Yates 10,572 19.9 Decrease 3.9
Labour Philip Parry 8,984 16.9 Increase 0.5
Majority 22,995 43.3 Increase 8.2
Turnout 53,123 75.2 Increase 1.2
Conservative hold Swing Increase 4.1
General election 1983: Broxbourne[31]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Marion Roe 29,328 58.8 N/A
Liberal Brian Pollock 11,862 23.8 N/A
Labour Martin Stears 8,159 16.4 N/A
BNP John Smith 502 1.0 N/A
Majority 17,466 35.0 N/A
Turnout 49,851 74.0 N/A
Conservative win (new seat)

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Broxbourne: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
  2. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  3. ^ "'Broxbourne', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 11 March 2016. Retrieved 10 March 2016.
  4. ^ "Politics". the Guardian.
  5. ^ "OpenStreetMap". OpenStreetMap.
  6. ^ "Local statistics". Office for National Statistics.
  7. ^ "National Rail Enquiries - Official source for UK train times and timetables". www.nationalrail.co.uk.
  8. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1983". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
  9. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 1995". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
  10. ^ "The Parliamentary Constituencies (England) Order 2007". www.legislation.gov.uk. Retrieved 2019-02-25.
  11. ^ Boundary Commission for England, 2018 Review, Associated consultation documents (September 2018). "Final recommendations report". Archived from the original on 2019-02-15.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  12. ^ "Broxbourne 1983-". Hansard 1803-2005. UK Parliament. Retrieved 2 February 2015.
  13. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 6)
  14. ^ "Liberal Democrat Parliamentary Candidates". Mark Pack. Retrieved 26 October 2019.
  15. ^ https://candidates.democracyclub.org.uk/elections/parl.broxbourne.2019-12-12/
  16. ^ "Prospective General Election Candidates". Green Party. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  17. ^ https://candidates.democracyclub.org.uk/elections/parl.broxbourne.2019-12-12/
  18. ^ https://candidates.democracyclub.org.uk/elections/parl.broxbourne.2019-12-12/
  19. ^ "Broxbourne Labour Party Prospective Candidate Sean Waters". Broxbourne Labour Party.
  20. ^ "Announcement of Prospective Candidacy". Sean Waters. Retrieved 5 November 2019.
  21. ^ "UK Parliamentary Election: Broxbourne Constituency: Statement of persons nominated and notice of poll" (PDF). Broxbourne Borough Council. 11 May 2017. Retrieved 5 June 2017.
  22. ^ "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  23. ^ "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
  24. ^ "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Broxbourne". BBC News.
  25. ^ "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  26. ^ "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  27. ^ "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  28. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  29. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 11 August 2011. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
  30. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
  31. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°43′40″N 0°04′00″W / 51.72778°N 0.06667°W / 51.72778; -0.06667