Bruce Alexander McDonald

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Bruce Alexander McDonald
Born (1925-03-23)23 March 1925
Geelong, Victoria
Died 23 March 1993(1993-03-23) (aged 68)
Brisbane, Queensland
Allegiance Australia
Service/branch Australian Army
Rank Major General
Commands held 1st Division (1975–77)
1st Australian Task Force (1971–72)
3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (1963–66)
Battles/wars Second World War
Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation
Vietnam War
Awards Officer of the Order of Australia
Distinguished Service Order
Officer of the Order of the British Empire
Military Cross

Major General Bruce Alexander McDonald, AO, DSO, OBE, MC (23 March 1925 – 23 March 1993) was a senior officer in the Australian Army, seeing service in the Second World War, the Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation and the Vietnam War.

Early life and education[edit]

McDonald was born in Geelong, Victoria, on 23 March 1925, the son of Angus Alexander and Olive (née Penny) McDonald.[1][2]

Military career[edit]

McDonald graduated from the Royal Military College, Duntroon in December 1944 and was posted to the 2/5th Battalion.[3] He served in the later stages of the Second World War and was awarded a Military Cross for bravery and leadership while commanding a platoon during heavy fighting with the Japanese at Ulupu in New Guinea in July 1945, in which he was wounded.[4]

Following the war McDonald served in a number of staff and regimental appointments. From 1963 to 1966 he commanded the 3rd Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment (3 RAR), including operations in West Malaysia in 1964 and in Borneo in 1965 during the Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation,[3] for which he was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire.[5] During this period 3 RAR took part in the top secret Operation Claret, executing a number of cross border actions including several highly successful ambushes against Indonesian forces.[6]

From early 1971 McDonald commanded the 1st Australian Task Force in South Vietnam until its withdrawal in early 1972, leading the formation during counter-insurgency operations against the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese during the Vietnam War.[7] For this service he was awarded the Distinguished Service Order.[8] He commanded the 1st Division in Queensland from 1975 to 1977, and later served as General Officer Commanding Training Command. McDonald was appointed an Officer of the Order of Australia in 1979.[9]

Retirement[edit]

McDonald died in Brisbane, Queensland, on 23 March 1993.[2] He was buried on 26 March 1993 in Pinnaroo cemetery, Brisbane.[10][11]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Long 1963, p. 363.
  2. ^ a b Ancestry user: ElizKMcM_2012. "Bruce Alexander McDonald". McMillan and family. Ancestry.com.au. Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Ekins & McNeill 2012, p. 521.
  4. ^ Ekins & McNeill 2012, p. 1017.
  5. ^ The Order of the British Empire – Officer (Military) (OBE(M)), Date granted: 1 January 1966, Citation: ARMY – Infantry – Distinguished service in Borneo
  6. ^ Horner 2005, p. 239.
  7. ^ Palazzo 2006, p. 45.
  8. ^ Distinguished Service Order (DSO), Date granted: 1 September 1972, Citation: 1 Australian Task Force Vietnam – Commanding
  9. ^ Officer of the Order of Australia (Military), (AO), Date granted: 11 June 1979, Citation: For service in positions of great responsibility, including General Officer Commanding, Training Command
  10. ^ "Grave location search". Brisbane City Council. Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  11. ^ "Funeral notice for McDonald, Bruce Alexander (Major General)". Courier-Mail (Brisbane, Queensland). 25 March 1993. p. 22. 

References[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Major General Ronald Hughes
General Officer Commanding 1st Division
1975–1977
Succeeded by
Major General Phillip Bennett