Bruce Campbell (barrister)
Keith Bruce Campbell QC (25 October 1916 – 1990) was a British lawyer, judge and politician. As a barrister, he specialised in divorce law, and during a brief Parliamentary career he also concentrated on family law issues. His term in office as a judge ended in scandal and enforced removal from office.
Campbell was born in Christchurch, New Zealand and attended Christchurch Technical College and Canterbury University. He moved to London in the late 1930s to undertake postgraduate training at the University of London. When his course was over in 1941 he was given an officer's commission in the Royal Army Service Corps; he served in North Africa and Italy.
On demobilisation Campbell was called to the bar at the Inner Temple. He practised in divorce law, usually on the North-Western circuit, and served on the General Council of the Bar from 1956 to 1960 and from 1965 to 1970. He was made a Queen's Counsel in 1964.
An active member of the Conservative Party, Campbell fought the seat of Manchester Gorton at the 1955 general election. He fought Oldham West in the 1966 election, and when the sitting Labour MP Leslie Hale announced his retirement due to ill health, Campbell was a natural choice for the local Conservative Association. The byelection campaign took place at a time when the Labour government of Harold Wilson was unpopular and Campbell criticised the government for cutting back on the motorway programmes and for their incomes policy. Many senior Conservatives travelled to Oldham to support Campbell, as a victory was thought possible.
When the constituency polled on 13 June 1968, Campbell managed a 17.7% swing and won the seat with a majority of 3,311. His maiden speech on 1 November concentrated on the problem of housing in his constituency. He was lucky in the ballot for Private Members' Bills later that month and introduced a Bill to award state pensions to some widows who did not qualify due to insufficient National Insurance payments. Using his legal experience, Campbell attacked divorce reform for allowing men to take advantage of their own wrong; he supported the idea of consensual divorce without the need to prove fault.
Campbell lost his seat at the 1970 general election by 1,675 votes, and returned to the Bar (he had practised occasionally while a Member of Parliament). He was Master of the Bench of the Inner Temple in that year, and two years later was appointed a Recorder of the Crown Court. In January 1976, Campbell's sentence of a 31-year-old mother of a two-month-old baby to six months' imprisonment was attacked by the mother's MP Robert Kilroy-Silk. Despite the controversy, Campbell became a Circuit Judge later that year.
In 1983, Campbell's motor cruiser Papyrus was detained at Ramsgate by Customs, who removed 10 cases of whisky, 9,460 cigarettes and 500 grams of tobacco on which duty had not been paid. Campbell and the yacht's joint owner (a secondhand car dealer) were tried for evading duty; when initially questioned Campbell claimed he had not brought the goods into the country and that they were only for his personal use, but he later admitted that they had been bought in Guernsey. On 29 November he pleaded guilty and was fined £2,000; on 5 December the Lord Chancellor Lord Hailsham removed him from office for misbehaviour, an unprecedented sanction. There was a political row when Hailsham allowed Campbell to keep his judge's pension.
Campbell's older son Andrew followed the legal profession and has been a Circuit Judge since 2004. Campbell's younger son Richard is the British actor Richard Campbell.
- "Judge who smuggled whisky and tobacco in yacht is fined £2,000". The Times. 30 November 1983. p. 3. (Subscription required (. ))
- Knight, Jenny (6 December 1983). "Whisky case judge is removed". The Times. p. 32. (Subscription required (. ))
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs
- The Times
- M. Stenton and S. Lees, "Who's Who of British MPs" Vol. IV (Harvester Press, 1981)
- "The Times Guide to the House of Commons 1970"
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Bruce Campbell