Bruce Chown

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Bruce Chown
Born(1893-10-10)October 10, 1893
Winnipeg, Manitoba
DiedJuly 3, 1986(1986-07-03) (aged 92)
AwardsOrder of Canada

Bruce Chown[pronunciation?], OC MC FRSC (/t͡ʃaʊn/; November 10, 1893 – July 3, 1986) was a Canadian scientist who researched the blood factor known as the Rhesus factor and helped produced a Rh immune vaccine, Rh gamma globulin, which helps to prevent Erythroblastosis fetalis.

Born in Winnipeg, Manitoba, the son of Henry Havelock and Katherine (Farrel) Chown, he received a B.A. from McGill University in 1914. During World War I, he served in the Canadian Field Artillery and received the Military Cross. After the war, he received his medical degree from the University of Manitoba in 1922. He completed his postgraduate work in pediatrics at Babies' Hospital, Columbia University (1922–1923); Harriet Lane Home, Johns Hopkins University; and Nursery and Child's Hospital, Cornell University (1925–1926) becoming one of only a few trained pediatricians in Canada and the only one in Manitoba.

From 1926 to 1977, he was on the staff of the University of Manitoba. From 1944 to 1977, he was the Director of the Rh Laboratory in Winnipeg.

In 1967, he was made an Officer of the Order of Canada. In 1968, he received the Gairdner Foundation International Award. In 1970, he was made a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada. In 1995, he was inducted into the Canadian Medical Hall of Fame.

In 1922, he married Gladys Webb. They had four children. After Gladys died in 1948, he married Allison Grant in 1949. They had one son.


  • "Bruce Chown". University of Manitoba. Retrieved July 31, 2005.
  • "Memorable Manitobans: Henry Bruce Chown (1893–1986)". Manitoba Historical Society. 31 March 2017.