Bruce Gilley

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Bruce Gilley
Born1966
Alma materUniversity of Toronto
OccupationPolitical scientist
Known for"The Case for Colonialism", Third World Quarterly, 2017
Websitehttp://www.web.pdx.edu/~gilleyb/

Bruce Gilley (born 1966) is professor of political science at Portland State University. He is a specialist in the comparative politics of China and Asia, a theorist of political legitimacy, and an advocate of viewpoint diversity and academic freedom. His article "The Case for Colonialism", published in an advance online edition of Third World Quarterly in 2017, was highly controversial for its thesis and resulted in death threats against the editor causing Gilley to agree to its retraction. Fifteen members of the journal's board resigned as a result of the affair.

Early life and education[edit]

Bruce Gilley was born in 1966. He received his bachelor of arts in economics and international relations from the University of Toronto in 1988. He was a Commonwealth Scholar at the University of Oxford from 1989 to 1991 from where he received his degree of master of philosophy in economics in 1991 and a Woodrow Wilson Scholar at Princeton University from 2004 to 2006 from where he received his PhD in politics in 2007.[1]

Career[edit]

Gilley is a professor of political science at Portland State University. He is a specialist in the comparative politics of China and Asia.[2] He is a member of the editorial boards of the Journal of Democracy and the Journal of Contemporary China. He is a member of the Heterodox Academy and an advocate of viewpoint diversity and academic freedom. In 2017, he withdrew from the American Political Science Association (APSA) because he claimed it lacked intellectual diversity[3] and he has been critical of tenure evaluations which require a pledge to uphold collegiate diversity.[4] He is a prolific writer.[5]

He is the recipient of more than a half dozen prestigious awards for articles and scholarly achievement.[A]

Political legitimacy[edit]

Gilley's 2006 article "The meaning and measure of state legitimacy: results for 72 countries" introduced a novel multidimensional, quantitative measure of the qualitative concept of political legitimacy.[6][7][8] His work has since been extended by other scholars, and customized to specific geographical regions such as Latin America[7] and Europe.[8] Gilley himself has since updated his work on quantification of legitimacy with additional empirical data.[8][9]

Colonialism[edit]

Gilley's article "The case for colonialism" was published in an advance online version of the Third World Quarterly in 2017. According to Gilley, colonialism was both objectively beneficial (the benefits outweighed the harms) and subjectively legitimate (it was accepted by large portions of local population). Consequently, the author calls for a revival of some colonialist measures.[10]

The article was controversial both for its argument and for its subsequent withdrawal, which resulted in a debate about academic censorship and peer review. The publisher said the journal's editor "received serious and credible threats of personal violence." Fifteen members of the journal's board resigned.[11][12][13][14][15][16] The article was re-published in the Conservative-leaning National Association of Scholars journal Academic Questions in April 2018.[17]

See also[edit]

Selected publications[edit]

Authored[edit]

  • Tiger on the Brink: Jiang Zemin and China's New Elite. University of California Press, 1998. ISBN 0520213955[18]
  • Model Rebels: The Rise and Fall of China's Richest Village. University of California Press, 2001. ISBN 978-0520225329[19]
  • China's New Rulers: The Secret Files. New York Review of Books, New York, 2003. (With Andrew Nathan) ISBN 978-1590170465[20]
  • China's Democratic Future: How It Will Happen and Where It Will Lead. Columbia University Press, 2004. ISBN 978-0231130844[21]
  • The Right to Rule: How States Win and Lose Legitimacy. Columbia University Press, 2009. ISBN 978-0231138727[22]
  • The Nature of Asian Politics. Cambridge University Press, 2014. ISBN 978-0521761710[23]

Edited[edit]

  • Middle Powers and the Rise of China. Georgetown University Press, Washington DC, 2014. (With Andrew O'Neil)
  • Political Change in China: Comparisons With Taiwan. Lynne Rienner, Boulder, 2008. (With Larry Diamond)
  • Asia's Giants: Comparing China and India. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 2005. (With Edward Friedman)

Articles[edit]

  • "Against the concept of ethnic conflict", Third World Quarterly. 25 (6): 1155–1166. doi:10.1080/0143659042000256959. Archived from the original on January 20, 2018.
  • "The Case for Colonialism", Third World Quarterly, 2017. (Republished in Academic Questions, June 2018, Vol. 31, No. 2, pp. 167–185. open access)

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 1. College of Urban and Public Affairs Dean's Award for Scholarly Achievement -- Senior Faculty (2016); 2. Frank Cass Prize, Best Article in Democratization (2010); 3. Best Dissertation in Comparative Politics (2007), Department of Politics, Princeton University; 4. Nominated for the Gabriel A. Almond Best Dissertation Award, American Political Science Association (2006, 2012); 5. Marcel Cadieux Award, Best Article on Foreign Policy, Canadian Institute of International Affairs; 6. Woodrow Wilson Scholars Fellowship, Princeton University (2004-6); 7. Princeton University, East Asian Studies Prize (2002); and 8. Commonwealth Scholarship, University of Oxford (1989-1991)[1]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b Gilley, Bruce (n.d.). "And about me". Portland State University. Archived from the original on 2017-09-14. Retrieved 2017-11-11.
  2. ^ Gilley, Bruce (n.d.). "Bruce Gilley". College of Urban & Public Affairs, Hatfield School of Government. Portland State University. Archived from the original on 2017-10-16. Retrieved 2017-11-11.
  3. ^ Gilley, Bruce (29 August 2017). "Why I'm leaving the Political Science Association". Essays. Minding the Campus. Archived from the original on 2017-10-31. Retrieved 2017-11-11.
  4. ^ Leef, George (10 May 2017). "Professors shouldn't be forced to pledge allegiance to 'diversity'". Beltway Brief. Forbes. Retrieved 2017-11-11.
  5. ^ Gilley, Bruce (25 September 2017). "Portland State University official curriculum vitae" (PDF). Portland State University. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-11-11. Retrieved 2017-11-11.
  6. ^ Gilley, Bruce (May 2006). "The meaning and measure of state legitimacy: results for 72 countries" (PDF). European Journal of Political Research. 45 (3): 499–525. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6765.2006.00307.x – via Harvard Kennedy School.
  7. ^ a b Power, Timothy J.; Cyr, Jennifer M. (June 2009). "Mapping political legitimacy in Latin America". International Social Science Journal. 60 (196): 253–272. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2451.2010.01718.x.
  8. ^ a b c Blanco-González, Alicia; Prado-Román, Camilo; Díez-Martín, Francisco (May 2017). "Building a European legitimacy index". American Behavioral Scientist. 61 (5): 509–525. doi:10.1177/0002764217693282.
  9. ^ Gilley, Bruce (August 2012). "State legitimacy: an updated dataset for 52 countries" (PDF). European Journal of Political Research. 51 (5): 693–699. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6765.2012.02059.x – via Portland State University.
  10. ^ Gilley, Bruce (2017). "The case for colonialism". Third World Quarterly: 1–17. doi:10.1080/01436597.2017.1369037.
  11. ^ Zamudio-Suaréz, Fernanda (20 September 2017). "Fifteen members of 'Third World Quarterly' editorial board resign". The Ticker. Chronicle of Higher Education. Archived from the original on 2017-10-03. Retrieved 2017-11-11.
  12. ^ Gilley, Bruce (8 September 2017). "The case for colonialism". Viewpoint. Third World Quarterly: 1–17. doi:10.1080/01436597.2017.1369037. Withdrawn by journal publisher Taylor & Francis and replaced by a Withdrawal Notice stating: "This Viewpoint essay has been withdrawn at the request of the academic journal editor, and in agreement with the author of the essay." The Withdrawal Notice goes on to attribute withdrawal to "serious and credible threats of personal violence ... linked to the publication of this essay."
  13. ^ Lusher, Adam (12 October 2017). "Professor's 'bring back colonialism' call sparks fury and academic freedom debate". Americas. Independent (UK). Archived from the original on 2017-10-30. Retrieved 2017-11-11. Italic or bold markup not allowed in: |website= (help)
  14. ^ Flaherty, Colleen (19 September 2017). "Is retraction the new rebuttal?". News. Inside Higher Ed. Archived from the original on 2017-10-30. Retrieved 2017-11-11.
  15. ^ Flaherty, Colleen (26 September 2017). "'Colonialism' article flap highlights push for transparency in publishing". News. Inside Higher Ed. Archived from the original on 2017-11-07. Retrieved 2017-11-11.
  16. ^ Kendhammer, Brandon (19 September 2017). "A controversial article praises colonialism. But colonialism's real legacy was ugly". Analysis. Washington Post. Archived from the original on 2017-11-09. Retrieved 2017-11-11.
  17. ^ "The Case for Colonialism", Bruce Gilley, Academic Questions, June 2018, Vol. 31, No. 2, pp. 167–185. (subscription required)
  18. ^ Reviews of Tiger on the Brink:
  19. ^ Reviews of Model Rebels:
    • Tony Saich (November–December 2001), China Perspectives 38: 77–78, JSTOR 24050995; translated into French by Mathilde Lelièvre (September–October 2001), Perspectives Chinoises 67: 83–85, JSTOR 24071347
    • John L. Rawlinson (2001), History: Reviews of New Books 29 (3): 130–131, doi:10.1080/03612759.2001.10525891
    • Flemming Christiansen (July 2002), The China Journal 48: 211–212, doi:10.2307/3182464
    • Michelle Mood (Winter 2001–2002), Pacific Affairs 74 (4): 592–593, doi:10.2307/3557816
    • Parks M. Coble (Winter 2002), Agricultural History 76 (1): 116–118, JSTOR 3744778
    • Jonathan Unger (Spring 2002), China Review International 9 (1): 109–112, JSTOR 23729543
    • Robert G. Ferguson (June 2002), Enterprise & Society 3 (2): 371–372, doi:10.1017/S1467222700011782
    • Ma. Teresa Rodríguez y Rodríguez (September–December 2004), Estudios de Asia y Africa 39 (3): 790–794, JSTOR 40313572
  20. ^ Reviews of China's New Rulers:
    • Michael Sheridan (January 2003), The Sunday Times, [4]
    • Lucian W. Pye (January–February 2003), Foreign Affairs 82 (1): 176, doi:10.2307/20033480
    • Alissa Black (July 2003), International Affairs 79 (4): 932–933, JSTOR 3569622
    • Alfred L. Chan (July 2003), The China Journal 50: 107–119, doi:10.2307/3182248
    • Richard B. Khoe (Summer–Fall 2003), SAIS Review 23 (2): 239–243, doi:10.1353/sais.2003.0041
    • Michael Schoenhals (September 2004), The China Quarterly 179: 811–812, JSTOR 20192382
    • John Sweda (Winter 2004), Fletcher Forum of World Affairs 28 (1)
  21. ^ Reviews of China's Democratic Future:
    • Peg Christoff (March 2004), Library Journal 129 (4)
    • Stephen Green (October 2004), International Affairs 80 (5): 1022–1023, JSTOR 3569515
    • Scott Kennedy (Winter 2004–2005), World Policy Journal 21 (4): 77–85, JSTOR 40209938
    • Barrett L. McCormick (January 2005), The China Journal 53: 192–194, doi:10.2307/20066020
    • Patricia M. Thornton (Summer 2005), Political Science Quarterly 120 (2): 338–339, JSTOR 20202545
    • Andrew Mertha (September 2006), Perspectives on Politics 4 (3): 613–614, JSTOR 20446246
    • Alan P. L. Liu (2008), China Review International 15 (1): 94–96, JSTOR 23733273
    • Jagannath P. Panda (2008), Strategic Analysis 33 (1): 127–132, doi:10.1080/09700160802518734
  22. ^ Reviews for The Right to Rule:
    • Pierre Hassner (February 2010), Survival: Global Politics and Strategy 52 (1): 204–206, doi:10.1080/00396331003612554
    • Mitchell A. Seligson (March 2010), Perspectives on Politics 8 (1): 378–379, JSTOR 25698587
    • Vsevolod Gunitskiy (Spring 2010), Political Science Quarterly 125 (1): 163–165, JSTOR 25698978
    • Stefano Burzo (November 2016), Journal of East Asian Studies 16 (3): 420–421, doi:10.1017/jea.2016.25
  23. ^ Reviews of The Nature of Asian Politics:
    • Benjamin Reilly (February 2015), Australian Outlook, [5]; Journal of Democracy 26 (3): 171–175, doi:10.1353/jod.2015.0038
    • Duncan McCargo (May–June 2015), Foreign Affairs, [6]
    • Takashi Inoguchi (March 2016), Pacific Affairs 89 (1): 115–116, [7]
    • Sungmoon Kim (September 2016), Perspectives on Politics 14 (3): 900–902, doi:10.1017/S1537592716002449
    • Osman Hulusi Takçı (2016), Review of International Law & Politics 12 (2): 190–194, [8]

External links[edit]