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|Map of Queensland with Bruce Highway highlighted in yellow|
|Length||1,652 km (1,027 mi)|
|North end||Captain Cook Highway (National Route 1/State Route 44), Cairns, Queensland|
|South end||Gateway Motorway (M1), Bald Hills, Brisbane|
|Major settlements||Townsville, Mackay, Rockhampton, Maryborough|
|Highways in Australia
National Highway • Freeways in Australia
Highways in Queensland
The Bruce Highway is a major highway in Queensland, Australia. Commencing in the state capital, Brisbane, it passes through areas close to the eastern coast to Cairns in Far North Queensland. The route is a part of the Australian National Highway and also part of Highway 1. Its length is approximately 1,700 kilometres (1,100 mi); it is entirely sealed with bitumen.
The highway is named after the former Queensland and federal politician Henry Adam Bruce. He was the state Minister for Works when the highway was named after him, in the mid-1930s. It once passed through Brisbane, but was truncated at Bald Hills when the recently constructed Gateway Motorway became National Highway 1 upon its opening in December 1986.
The Bruce Highway is the biggest traffic carrier in Queensland. The highway initially joined all the major coastal centres; however, a number of bypasses, particularly in the south, have diverted traffic around these cities to expedite traffic flow and ease urban congestion. As a result, the highway is constantly being shortened. The road is a dual carriageway from Brisbane to Cooroy with some dual carriageway lengths at Gympie, many of these upgrades being completed in the 1980s (Glass House Mountains, Tanawha, Maryborough) and 1990s (Nambour, Yandina, and Cooroy).
In the south the Bruce Highway commences at the bridge over the Pine River at the Gateway Motorway interchange, 21 kilometres (13 mi) north of Brisbane central business district. Recently[when?], the Bruce Highway has changed its route numbering from National Highway 1 to the M1 (motorway road) or A1 (single carriageway, generally with overtaking lanes).[clarification needed]
Several major cities along the route include Maryborough, Rockhampton, Mackay, Townsville, and Cairns. The highway passes the Glasshouse Mountains, rainforests and pastures in the Sunshine Coast, the Gunalda Range (north of Gympie), Mount Larcom (north of Gladstone), and the arid countryside north of Rockhampton; after that, it passes through land predominantly used for sugar cane, crop growing and dairy farms and the sub-tropics and tropics.
One of the largest and major deviations of the Bruce Highway was the Bald Hills to Burpengary Deviation. Beginning construction in 1972, the new route took traffic from Gympie Road at Bald Hills to Uhlmann Road at Burpengary along a much more superior alignment which was also constructed to four lanes. The new route was officially opened on 10 November 1977 at a total cost of $20 million.
Due to the nature of wet weather and tropical cyclone prone areas of North Queensland, Bruce Highway is prone to frequent flooding in a number of places. Following the catastrophic Queensland floods in 2010–2011 the Australian Government have commissioned a feasibility study on flood-proofing the Bruce Highway. The feasibility study is to be completed by the middle of 2011.
Bruce Highway is set to undergo redevelopment, realignment, flood-proofing and extension of dual carriageway sections on numerous stretches of the Highway. Former Premier Anna Bligh announced the plans while launching the Queensland Infrastructure Plan. The works are expected to total A$2 billion and include 60 projects over a period of two decades.
A stretch of road between Cardwell and Tully, which is prone to frequent flooding in the wet season, is set to undergo realignment. A new route for the highway through Townsville was under construction with the first stage of the Townsville Ring Road (now called The Ring Road) already completed.
Upgrade to a stretch of the highway north of Townsville has been given approval, and will see the existing dual carriageway to the north extended by another 5–10 km.[vague] It will also include installation of traffic lights at Mt Low Parkway, and will be the final stage of the Ring Road link up to this section by 2015. The Queensland Main Roads Department's ultimate concept map of the development also shows that the highway will also progressively become Motorway standard by 2015, with the implementation of interchanges at various junctions.
The highway south of Cairns will also see sections of the highway to the suburb of Edmonton become six lanes, with progressive dual-carriageway redevelopment of the highway to Gordonvale. Labour candidate Jim Turnour has also put ahead that stage 1 of the Cairns Southern Motorway will begin with overpasses at Ray Jones Drive and Sheehy Road if elected.
Between Caboolture and the Gateway Motorway, the highway has been widened to eight and six lanes since 2001, including the Dohles Rocks Road to Boundary Road section in October 2004, the Boundary Road to Uhlmann Road section in March 2007, and the latest section Uhlmann Road to Bribie Island Road in November 2009. Further upgrades are under review.
A new interchange is currently under construction at the notorious intersection of Roys Road at Beerwah. It will also connect to the nearby Bells Creek Road, another dangerous intersection, and is due for completion in early 2015. This follows a similar situation at Buchanans Road in Morayfield, the intersection of which was replaced by an interchange in November 1996.
The Pumicestone Road interchange is also undergoing a redesign, replacing the original low-level bridge and ramps constructed in October 1970. Completion is expected in late 2014.
The Nambour Bypass has recently gone through a process of rehabilitation due to the extremely rough surface and dangerous pothole appearances during wet weather. This work was completed in 2009.
As of 2014 Section B of the joint State and Federal funded 61 kilometres (38 mi) Cooroy to Curra upgrade of the highway is open. Due to the new highway change, one of the local schools, Federal State School, was relocated. Early works for Section A has commenced. When completed, the Cooroy to Curra upgrade will bypass the town of Gympie and a mainly 2 lane section will be replaced with a 4 lane dual-carriageway.
Major Upgrades - Bald Hills to Cooroy
- August 1966 - Caboolture Bypass Stage 1. Single-carriageway completed between Burpengary Creek and Bribie Island Road.
- August 1970 - Caboolture Bypass Stage 2. Single-carriageway completed between Bribie Island Road and Red Road.
- December 1972 - Single-carriageway deviation between Eumundi and Cooroy, bypassing Eumundi Range Road.
- December 1973 - Bald Hills to Burpengary Deviation Stage 1. 1.3 mile-long dual-carriageways completed between Roghan Road and Strathpine Road.
- December 1973 - Beerwah Bypass. 2.5 km-long deviation completed between Roys Road and Foley Road including a new concrete bridge across Coochin Creek.
- November 1974 - Browns Creek Deviation. 6 km-long single-carriageway completed between Browns Creek and Eerwah Vale.
- December 1974 - Glasshouse Mountains Bypass. 1.5 km-long deviation completed between Glasshouse Mountains Sportsground and Kings Road including a new concrete bridge across Coonowrin Creek.
- August 1976 - Eumundi Bypass. 2.4 km-long deviation completed between Eerwah Vale and Main Creek.
- 2 August 1976 - Bald Hills to Burpengary Deviation Stage 2. 12 km-long single-carriageway deviation completed between Strathpine Road and Boundary Road.
- March 1977 - Bald Hills to Burpengary Deviation Stage 3. Second carriageway completed between Strathpine Road and Anzac Avenue.
- 10 November 1977 - Bald Hills to Burpengary Deviation Stage 4. Boundary Road to Deception Bay Road section completed.
- 5 December 1978 - Bribie Island Road Interchange.
- 9 August 1979 - Burpengary to Bribie Island Road Duplication. Second carriageway completed between Burpengary Creek and Bribie Island Road.
- 9 December 1985 - Beerburrum Creek to Caloundra Road Deviation. Major 26.5 km-long four lane deviation completed between Beerburrum Creek and Caloundra Road.
- September 1987 - Caloundra Road to Sippy Creek duplication
- 16 November 1989 - Tanawha Deviation. Four lane deviation completed between Caloundra Road and Maroochydore Road.
- 23 November 1990 - Nambour Bypass Stage 1. Single-carriageway bypass of Nambour completed between Maroochydore Road and Parklands.
- 20 December 1993 - Nambour Bypass Stage 2. Second carriageway completed between Maroochydore Road and Parklands.
- 17 May 1994 - Cooroy Bypass. Single-carriageway bypass of Cooroy completed.
- 13 July 1997 - Yandina Bypass. Dual-carriageway bypass of Yandina completed.
- 23 July 2002 - Gateway Motorway to Dohles Rocks Road six-laning.
- 18 September 2003 - Yandina to Cooroy Duplication. Dual-carriageways completed between Browns Creek and Eumundi Range.
- 20 January 2005 - Dohles Rocks Road to Boundary Road six-laning. Six-lane upgrade completed between Dohles Rocks Road and Boundary Road, including upgrades to the Anzac Avenue interchange.
- 12 March 2007 - Boundary Road to Uhlmann Road six-laning. Six-lane upgrade completed between Boundary Road and Uhlmann Road, including upgrades to the Deception Bay Road and Uhlmann Road interchanges.
- 5 November 2009 - Uhlmann Road to Bribie Island Road six-laning. Six-lane upgrade completed between Uhlmann Road and Bribie Island Road, including upgrades to the Bribie Island Road interchange.
Major Upgrades - Cooroy to Rockhampton
- Wallaville - Burnett River Bridge (May 1940)
- Ambrose to Raglan Deviation (December 1967)
- Gunalda Bypass (April 1973)
- Gavial Deviation (Rockhampton) - Roope Road to Egan's Hill (1974)
- Bauple Bypass (August 1976)
- Bajool Bypass (May 1977)
- Howard-Torbanlea Deviation (May 1984)
- Rockhampton Deviation – Yeppen Yeppen Crossing to Egan's Hill (7 October 1986)
- Maryborough Bypass (14 September 1990)
- Wallaville Deviation - Tim Fischer Bridge (1999)
- Gunalda Range Deviation (14 February 2001)
- Isis River Bridge replacement (August 2011)
- Cooroy to Curra Upgrade Section B (18 December 2012)
- Rockhampton – Yeppen North (28 October 2013)
- Calliope Interchange (December 2013)
- Rockhampton - Yeppen South (22 October 2015)
- Cooroy to Curra Upgrade Section A (to be completed late 2016)
Major Upgrades - Rockhampton to Townsville
- Bowen - Don River Bridge (10 May 1973)
- Parkhurst - Ramsey Creek Bridge (January 1975)
- Mackay - Bakers Creek Deviation (23 December 1977)
- Mackay Deviation – Ron Camm Bridge (12 July 1980)
- Rockhampton Deviation – Neville Hewitt Bridge (16 August 1980)
- Marlborough-Sarina alignment change (29 October 1982)
- Thoopara - 3.4 km deviation and new bridge over O'Connell River (September 1984)
- Townsville Deviation - Alignment change from Ingham/Charters Towers/Bowen Roads/Stuart Drive to Nathan/Duckworth Streets/University Road (25 May 1992)
- Mackay Deviation - Nebo Road/North Coast Railway realignment overpass (2 May 1993)
- Barratta - Collinsons Lagoon realignment (July 1993)
- Barratta - Middle and East Barratta Creek realignments (December 1993)
- Yaamba/Milman Deviation - new alignment with higher-level bridges at Alligator and Plentiful Creeks in response to 1991 Flood (20 April 1994)
- Townsville - Charles N. Barton Bridge Duplication (1995)
- Mackay - Ron Camm Bridge duplication (18 December 1998)
- Mackay - Boundary Road to Farrellys Lane duplication and intersection upgrade (December 2009)
- Mackay - Boundary Road to City Gates intersection upgrades (2012)
- Mackay - Farrellys Road to Temples Lane duplication and intersection upgrades (October 2013)
- Brandon - Sandy Corner to Collinsons Lagoon realignment for flood mitigation and cane rail overpass (February 2015)
- Townsville - Vantassel Street to Cluden Drive duplication, rail overpass and intersection upgrades (October 2015).
Major Upgrades - Townsville to Cairns
- Gordonvale/Aloomba - Assman Road to Cairns Road realignment - Carl Wordsworth Bridge (December 1961)
- Rollingstone Deviation (1962)
- Bellenden Ker Deviation (1968)
- Ingham Deviation - John Row Bridge at Herbert River (28 September 1968)
- Bellenden Plains/Murray River Deviation - replaced in 2008 by Tully Deviation (December 1968)
- Townsville - Black River Bridge (October 1971)
- Innisfail Deviation – Centenary Bridge (9 July 1973)
- Innisfail - Sir Joseph McAvoy Bridge (1981)
- Rollingstone Creek - High-level bridge (10 November 1984)
- Cardwell Range Deviation (South) (23 April 1987)
- Mutarnee - Ollera Creek Bridge and Mutarnee Deviation (4 December 1987)
- Babinda Deviation Stage 1: Lloyd's Corner/Stager Road to Munro Street (17 October 1991)
- Babinda Deviation Stage 2: Munro Street to Nelson Road (1992)
- Babinda Deviation Stage 3: Nelson Road to Frenchmans Creek (1993)
- Townsville Deviation – Woolcock Street extension (March 1998)
- Edmonton Deviation - realignment and four-laning (1999)
- Cairns - Ray Jones Drive to Sheehy Road six-laning (2002)
- Cairns - Sheehy Road to Foster Road six-laning (2004)
- Tully deviation (2008)
- Townsville Ring Road Stage 3 - Change of course for National Highway A1 (17 April 2009)
- Higher-level Mulgrave River Bridge - Desmond Trannore Bridge (20 April 2009)
- Mount Low Overpass Townsville (June 2009)
- Cardwell Range Deviation (North) (1 November 2013)
- Cairns Southern Access Upgrade – Stage 1 (May 2014)
- Cairns Southern Access Upgrade – Stage 2: Foster Road to Robert Road six-laning (In progress as of June 2016)
|Project||Length (km)||Construction dates||Value||Status||Description||Distance from
|Cooroy to Federal||13.5||July 2013||Late 2016||$590 million||Under construction||Section A of Cooroy to Curra. Four lane divided highway, new alignment.||126|
|Federal to Traveston||12||September 2009||December 2012||$513 million||Complete||Section B of Cooroy to Curra. Four lane divided highway, new alignment.||140|
|Yeppen South||2.8||27 November 2013||2016||$296 million||Under construction||New elevated crossing across the Yeppen Floodplain as additional carriageway||628|
|Yeppen North||1||27 November 2013||$85 million||Complete||Safety and traffic flow improvements||631|
|Mackay Ring Road (Stage 1)||11.3||Mid 2017||Late 2019||$560 million||In planning||Two lane highway, new alignment.||963|
|Townsville Ring Road (Section 4)||11||TBA||TBA||$200 million||In planning||4 lane motorway, new alignment.||1366|
|Cairns Bruce Highway Upgrade (Sheehy Road to Ray Jones Drive)||3.4||2010||April 2014||$150 million||Complete||New interchanges, widening of road||1696|
Travelling north, the following towns and small cities are found on (or very close to) the Bruce Highway.
- Brisbane to Maryborough
- Maryborough to Rockhampton
- Rockhampton to Mackay
- Mackay to Townsville
- Townsville to Cairns
|Brisbane||Bald Hills||0||0||127||Gateway Motorway (M1) east / Gympie Arterial Road (M3) south – Gold Coast, Brisbane, Brisbane Airport||Southern highway terminus; partial Y interchange: no access between Gateway Motorway and Gympie Arterial Road|
|Moreton Bay||Griffin–Murrumba Downs boundary||2.5||1.6||130||Dohles Rocks Road – Murrumba Downs, Griffin||Half-diamond interchange: northbound exit and southbound entrance|
|Kallangur–Mango Hill–North Lakes tripoint||5.6||3.5||133||Anzac Avenue (State Route 71) – Petrie, Redcliffe||Parclo interchange|
|North Lakes–Dakabin–Narangba tripoint||10.3||6.4||138||Boundary Road – Dakabin, Deception Bay, Alma Park Zoo|
|Deception Bay–Burpengary boundary||14.1||8.8||142||Deception Bay Road (State Route 26 east) – Burpengary, Narangba, Deception Bay|
|Burpengary||18.6||11.6||146||Uhlmann Road (State Route 60 west) – Burpengary|
|Burpengary–Morayfield boundary||20.3||12.6||—||Caboolture BP Travel Centre|
|Morayfield||22.1||13.7||150||Buchanan Road – Morayfield||Dumbbell interchange|
|Caboolture||24.5||15.2||152||Lower King Street west / Bribe Island Road east – Caboolture, Bribie Island||Parclo interchange; northern ramps merge with D'Aguilar Highway southern ramps|
|26.1||16.2||D'Aguilar Highway (State Route 85) – Kilcoy||Trumpet interchange|
|Caboolture–Elimbah boundary||29.6||18.4||—||Pumicestone Road – Elimbah, Toorbul, Donnybrook||Diamond interchange, upgrade currently under construction|
|Elimbah||35.5||22.1||—||Steve Irwin Way (Tourist Drive 24) – Beerwah, Glass House Mountains|
|Sunshine Coast||Glass House Mountains–Coochin Creek boundary||43.2||26.8||—||Johnston Road – Mobil Service Centre, Wild Horse Mountain Lookout|
|Meridan Plains–Glenview boundary||60.6||37.7||—||Steve Irwin Way (State Route 6 / Tourist Drive 24) west / Caloundra Road (State Route 6) east||Parclo interchange|
|—||Fizzo Road north / Pignata Road south – Glenview, Palmview||Frontage roads|
|Tanawha–Sippy Downs boundary||66.2||41.1||194||Sunshine Motorway (State Route 70) – Buderim, Mooloolaba|
|Forest Glen–Chevallum boundary||71.5–
|—||Mons Road – Forest Glen, Buderim|
|Woombye||73.7||45.8||—||Maroochydore Road (State Route 8) east / Nambour Connection Road west – Nambour, Woombye, Maroochydore, Big Pineapple||Roundabout interchange|
|Bli Bli–Nambour boundary||80.7||50.1||—||Nambour–Bli Bli Road (State Route 10 east / Tourist Drive 23 west) – Nambour, Bli Bli, Mapleton, Sunshine Coast Airport||Dumbbell interchange|
|Bli Bli–Parklands–Kulangoor tripoint||83.0||51.6||—||Nambour Connection Road – Parklands||Partial parclo interchange: no northbound entrance ramp|
|Yandina||87.4||54.3||—||Yandina–Coolum Road (State Route 11) – Yandina, Coolum Beach||Dumbbell interchange|
|Eumundi||95.8||59.5||—||Eumundi–Noosa Road (State Route 12 east) – Eumundi, Noosa, Kenilworth||Hybrid interchange; northbound exit and southbound entrance only|
|Eerwah Vale||98.5||61.2||—||Memorial Drive / Eumundi–Kenilworth Road – Eumundi, Noosa, Kenilworth||Hybrid interchange; southbound exit and northbound entrance only|
|Noosa||Cooroy||103||64||—||Myall Street (State Route 6) – Cooroy, Noosa||Trumpet interchange; route transition: northern end of M1, southern end of A1|
|Gympie||Gympie||144||89||Mary Valley Road (State Route 51) – Kandanga|
|Bells Bridge||159||99||Wide Bay Highway (State Route 49) – Kilkivan|
|Fraser Coast||Tinana||227||141||Gympie Road (State Route 57) – Maryborough, Hervey Bay|
|Bundaberg||Childers||289||180||Isis Highway (State Route 52) south – Biggenden|
|Apple Tree Creek–North Isis boundary||296||184||Isis Highway (State Route 3) north – Bundaberg, Bargara||Partially grade separated|
|Gin Gin||344||214||Gin Gin Road (State Route 3) – Bundaberg|
|Gladstone||Benaraby–Wurdong Heights boundary||491||305||Gladstone–Benaraby Road (State Route 58) – Gladstone|
|Calliope||502||312||Dawson Highway (State Route 60) – Calliope, Rolleston, Gladstone||Diamond interchange with additional looped ramp|
|Mount Larcom||536||333||Gladstone–Mount Larcom Road (State Route 58) – Gladstone|
|Rockhampton||Gracemere–Port Curtis boundary||605||376||Burnett Highway (A3) – Mount Morgan, Dululu|
|Port Curtis–Fairy Bower boundary||608||378||Capricorn Highway (A4) – Gracemere, Emerald||Roundabout|
|Rockhampton||612||380||Fitzroy Street to Rockhampton–Emu Park Road – Emu Park|
|Parkhurst||621||386||Yeppoon Road (Tourist Drive 10) – Yeppoon|
|Mackay||Ooralea–Paget–West Mackay tripoint||943||586||Peak Downs Highway (State Route 70) – Nebu, Eungella|
|Townsville||Stuart||1,324||823||Flinders Highway (A6) – Charters Towers|
|Johnstone||Belvedere–Goondi boundary||1,599||994||Palmerston Highway (State Route 25) – Millaa Millaa, Atherton|
|Cairns||Gordonvale||1,659||1,031||Gillies Highway (State Route 52) – Yungaburra, Atherton|
|Cairns||1,682||1,045||Captain Cook Highway (National Route 1) – Mareeba, Mossman||Northern highway terminus|
|1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi
- Freeways in Australia
- Freeways in Brisbane
- Freeways in Sunshine Coast
- Highways in Australia
- List of highways in Queensland
- Caboolture in 1970's. Retrieved on 2 February 2012.
- Geoff Chambers (8 January 2011). "Queensland flood victims overwhelmed by damage". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 19 January 2011.
- "Bligh announces Bruce Hwy upgrade". Sky News (Australian News Channel). 12 July 2011. Retrieved 5 September 2011.
- "Bruce Highway Upgrade Isis River Bridge". Department of Transport and Main Roads. 15 February 2011. Retrieved 23 February 2011.
- Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1966-1967
- Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1970-1971
- Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1972-1973
- Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1973-1974
- Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1974-1975
- Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1976-1977
- Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1977-1978
- Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1978-1979
- Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1979-1980
- Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1985-1986
- Queensland Transport Annual Report 1993-1994
- Department of Main Roads Annual Report 1996-1997
- QLD Transport page on Cooroy to Curra project Accessed 25 August 2013
- "Bruce Highway Upgrade (Cooroy to Curra): Section A (Cooroy to Federal)". Queensland Government. 16 July 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
- "Bruce Highway (Cooroy to Curra) Upgrade: Section B (Federal to Traveston)". Queensland Government. 23 June 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
- "Yeppen South Project". Queensland Government. 15 July 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
- "Yeppen North Project". Queensland Government. 15 July 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
- "Mackay Ring Road". Queensland Government. 7 August 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
- "Townsville Ring Road (Section 4)". Queensland Government. 15 August 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
- "Cairns Bruce Highway Upgrade - Sheehy Road (Forest Gardens) to Ray Jones Drive". Queensland Government. 1 August 2014. Retrieved 18 August 2014.
- Google (21 April 2014). "Bruce Highway" (Map). Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 21 April 2014.
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