|This article or section may be slanted towards recent events. (June 2015)|
Jenner at the London Olympics, July 2012
|Born||William Bruce Jenner
October 28, 1949
Mount Kisco, New York, U.S.
|Residence||Malibu, California, U.S.|
|Alma mater||Graceland University|
|Net worth||$100 million (2014 estimate)|
|Television||Keeping Up with the Kardashians|
|Spouse(s)||Chrystie Crownover (m. 1972–81)
Linda Thompson (m. 1981–86)
Kris Jenner (m. 1991–2015)
|Children||6, including Brandon Jenner
|Sport||Track and field|
|College team||Graceland Yellowjackets|
|Coached by||L. D. Weldon
Caitlyn Jenner (born William Bruce Jenner on October 28, 1949) is a 1976 Olympic decathlon men's event champion and American television personality. Prior to coming out as a transgender woman in 2015, she was known as Bruce Jenner.
A former college football player, Jenner came to international attention by winning the gold medal in the decathlon at the 1976 Summer Olympics in Montreal. Given the unofficial title of "world's greatest athlete" for the Olympic decathlon win, Jenner became "an American hero" by winning an event back from Soviet Union athletes during the Cold War. A career in television, film, auto racing, and business followed.
Jenner was married for 23 years to Kris Jenner (formerly Kardashian); the couple and their children appeared beginning in 2007 on the reality television series Keeping Up with the Kardashians. Following their divorce in 2015, Jenner came out as a trans woman and, in June 2015, changed her name to Caitlyn and began to refer to herself with feminine pronouns. Many news sources describe her as the most famous openly transgender person in the world.
Caitlyn Jenner was born William Bruce Jenner on October 28, 1949, in Mount Kisco, New York, to Esther R. (née McGuire) and William Hugh Jenner, an arborist. Jenner has two sisters, Lisa and Pam. Their younger brother, Burt, was killed in a car accident in Canton, Connecticut, in 1976, shortly after Jenner's success at the Olympics.
As a young child, Jenner was diagnosed with dyslexia. Jenner attended Sleepy Hollow High School in Sleepy Hollow, New York, during freshman and sophomore years and Newtown High School in Newtown, Connecticut, during junior and senior years, graduating in 1968. Jenner earned a football scholarship and attended Graceland College (now Graceland University) in Lamoni, Iowa, but was forced to stop playing football and switch to the decathlon because of a knee injury. Graceland's track coach and Jenner's mentor, L. D. Weldon, was the first to recognize Jenner's potential and encouraged the youngster to pursue the decathlon. Jenner debuted in the decathlon at the Drake Relays in Des Moines in 1970, placing fifth. Jenner graduated from Graceland College in 1973 with a degree in physical education.
At the 1972 decathlon U.S. Olympic trials in Eugene, Oregon, Jenner was in fifth place behind Steve Gough and Andrew Pettes. Needing to make up a 19-second gap on Gough in the 1500 meters, Jenner ran a fast last lap, separating from the other runners by 22 seconds to make the Olympic team. The Eugene Register-Guard asked "Who's Jenner?" Jenner went on to finish in 10th place at the 1972 Summer Olympics held in Munich, Germany. After graduating from Graceland, Jenner sold insurance at night (earning $9,000 a year) while training during the day. During that period, Jenner trained at the San Jose City College track. In the era before professionalism was allowed in athletics, this kind of training was unheard of. Centered around Bert Bonanno, the coach at SJCC, San Jose was at the time a hotbed for training which was called the "Track Capital of the World" by aspiring Olympic athletes including Jenner, Millard Hampton, Andre Phillips, John Powell, Mac Wilkins, Al Feuerbach, and others. Jenner's best events were the skill events of the second day, where the intense training showed.
Jenner was the American champion in the decathlon event in 1974, and was featured on the cover of Track & Field News’s August 1974 issue. While on tour in 1975, Jenner also won the French national championship. Jenner first set the world record of 8,524 points at a meet in Eugene, Oregon August 9–10, 1975.
At the 1976 Olympic Trials again in Eugene, Jenner scored 8,538 points, slightly improving the world record. At the Olympic Games in Montréal, Canada, Jenner won the gold medal in the decathlon, scoring 8,616 points, thereby beating the world record set at the Olympic Trials. Jenner hit a "home run" by achieving personal bests on the first day, turning the notorious second day into a gold medal coronation. After the event, Jenner took an an American flag from a spectator and carried it during the victory lap, starting a tradition that is now common among athletes.
"It hurts every day when you practice hard. Plus, when this decathlon is over, I got the rest of my life to recuperate. Who cares how bad it hurts?"
As a result of winning the Olympic decathlon, Jenner became a national hero, receiving the James E. Sullivan Award as the top amateur athlete in the United States and being named the Associated Press Male Athlete of the Year (both in 1976). Jenner was inducted into the United States National Track and Field Hall of Fame in 1980, the Olympic Hall of Fame in 1986, the Bay Area Sports Hall of Fame and the Connecticut Sports Hall of Fame in 1994, and the San Jose Sports Hall of Fame in 2010.
Jenner's 1976 world record was broken by just 4 points by Daley Thompson in 1980. In 1985, the IAAF decathlon scoring table was changed; Jenner's winning score was reevaluated against that table and reported as 8,634 for comparative purposes. The converted mark stood as the American record until 1991, when it was surpassed by eventual gold medalist and world record holder Dan O'Brien. As of 2011[update], Jenner is No. 25 on the world all-time list and the No. 9 American.
San Jose City College hosted the "Bruce Jenner Invitational" (frequently shortened to "Jenner Invitational") as a televised annual stop on the United States Track and Field Circuit (a meet equivalent in stature to the Prefontaine Classic). Records were set at the meet, with Jenner frequently hosting the telecasts.
Taking advantage of Olympic fame
In the 1970s, Olympic athletes were considered amateur and were not allowed to seek or accept payment for their positions as sports celebrities. In 1972, during the Cold War, three major Olympic titles that had a long history of American success—basketball, 100 meters, and decathlon—were won by Soviet athletes. Winning back the decathlon title made Jenner an American hero. Tony Kornheiser of The New York Times wrote, "Jenner is twirling the nation like a baton. He and wife, Chrystie, are so high up on the pedestal of American heroism, it would take a crane to get them down."
After Olympic success, Jenner decided to cash in on celebrity status, which required forgoing any future Olympic competition. Jenner's agent George Wallach felt at the time that the holder of the title "World's Greatest Athlete" had a four-year window to capitalize upon. Wallach reported that Jenner was being considered for the role of Superman, which ultimately went to Christopher Reeve. "I really don't know how many offers we have," Jenner was reported to have claimed. "There are still unopened telegrams back at the hotel and you just can't believe the offers that poured in during the first two days." Soon after the Games, Jenner appeared on the front of Wheaties brand breakfast cereal as a "Wheaties champion", being the second of role model athletes who were featured as spokespersons for the brand. On September 21, 1976, Jenner was an invited guest at a White House dinner with U.S. president Gerald Ford and Liberian president William Tolbert among others.
On November 22, 1977, Jenner went to San Francisco to refute charges filed by the San Francisco district attorney that General Mills, the makers of Wheaties, had been engaged in false advertising. Jenner contended that she likes the cereal and eats the breakfast cereal two to three times per week. Two days later, District Attorney Joseph Freitas withdrew the false advertising suit against General Mills for its advertising campaign featuring Jenner, saying that it was "a case of overzealousness" on the part of his staff. That same year, the Kansas City Kings selected Jenner with the 140th pick of the NBA draft. Jenner had not played basketball since high school.
Television and film career
Jenner starred in the disco-era Village People comedy, Can't Stop the Music (1980). The movie was a flop. Jenner's performance was nominated for the 1980 Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Actor, and the film won the Award for Worst Picture. It was Jenner's only theatrical release until 2011. Jenner had some success in a television career, starring in the made-for-TV movies The Golden Moment: An Olympic Love Story (1980) and Grambling's White Tiger (1981). During the 1981-1982 season, Jenner became a semi-regular cast member on the police series CHiPs, guest-starring as Officer Steve McLeish (substituting for star Erik Estrada, who was lodged in a contract dispute with NBC and MGM), for six episodes. Jenner also appeared on an episode of the sitcom Silver Spoons called "Trouble with Words", wherein Jenner's personal issues with dyslexia were revealed in a storyline about a teenaged recurring character with the same problem. Jenner appeared on the series Learn To Read and in the video games Olympic Decathlon (1981) and Bruce Jenner's World Class Decathlon (1996). The iconic "hero shot", the finish of the final event of 1976 Olympic decathlon, and Wheaties cover were parodied by John Belushi on Saturday Night Live, endorsing "Little Chocolate Donuts".
Jenner has appeared on a variety of game shows and reality television programs, including staring with Grits Gresham in an episode of ABC's The American Sportsman. The program featured Gresham hunting, fishing, or shooting in exotic spots with celebrities. In the early 1990s, Jenner was the host of an infomercial for a stair-climbing exercise machine called the Stair Climber Plus.
In January 2002, Jenner participated in an episode of the American series The Weakest Link, featuring Olympic athletes. In February and March 2003, Jenner was part of the cast of the American series I'm a Celebrity...Get Me Out of Here!. Jenner made a cameo appearance in a season-three episode of The Apprentice, which aired in May 2005. Jenner partnered with Tai Babilonia for Skating with Celebrities in an series that aired January–March 2006 (they were eliminated during the fifth of seven episodes), served as a guest judge on Pet Star on Animal Planet, and appeared on NBC's game show Identity as well as (with the Kardashian family) Celebrity Family Feud. In November 2010, a photograph of Jenner played the role of a janitorial resume in an episode of It's Always Sunny in Philadelphia.
Other television and talk show appearances by Jenner include Nickelodeon's made-for-TV film Gym Teacher: The Movie as well as episodes of Murder, She Wrote, Family Guy, Pet Star on Animal Planet, Identity, Lingo Olympic Winners episode and Celebrity Family Feud as well as such talk shows as Hannity and The Bonnie Hunt Show.[episode needed]
Since late 2007, Jenner has starred in the E! reality series Keeping Up with the Kardashians along with wife Kris Jenner, stepchildren Kourtney, Kim, Khloé, and Rob (from Kris's marriage to attorney Robert Kardashian), and daughters Kylie and Kendall. Season 2 attracted an average of 1.6 million viewers, an increase over the previous season. Jenner has also made cameo appearances on the show's spinoff series.
Auto racing career
Jenner was a successful race car driver in the IMSA Camel GT series (International Motor Sports Association) in the 1980s. Her first victory came in the 1986 12 hours of Sebring in the IMSA GTO class driving the 7-Eleven Roush Racing Ford Mustang with co-driver Scott Pruett, not only winning their class but finishing 4th overall in the 12-hour endurance race. Her most successful year was also 1986, when she finished second in the championship to Pruett. Jenner commented on this aspect of her career, "I was a lot more badass runner than I was a driver."
Jenner's company, Bruce Jenner Aviation, sells aircraft supplies to executives and corporations. Jenner was the business development vice president for a staffing industry software application known as JennerNet, which was based on Lotus Domino technology.
Jenner had licensed her previous name for Bruce Jenner's Westwood Centers for Nautilus & Aerobics in the early 1980s, though she had no ownership in the centers, which were owned by David Cirotto.
Jenner is a Christian, leans politically conservative, and is a Republican. Prior to her public gender transition, she had been married three times. Her first marriage was to Chrystie Scott (née Crownover) from 1972 to 1981. They have two children, son Burton and daughter Cassandra, known as Burt and Casey. Jenner and Scott's divorce was finalized the first week of January 1981. The same week, on January 5, 1981, Jenner married actress Linda Thompson, in Hawaii. By February 1986, Jenner and Thompson had separated, and they subsequently divorced. They have two sons together, Brandon and Sam Brody, known as Brody. The two sons starred on the reality show The Princes of Malibu and Brody Jenner was also on the reality show The Hills.
Jenner's third marriage, to Kris Kardashian (née Houghton), occurred on April 21, 1991, after five months of dating. They have two daughters, Kendall and Kylie. While married, Jenner was also the step-parent to Kris's four children from her previous marriage to the late lawyer Robert Kardashian: Kourtney, Kim, Khloé and Rob. The couple announced their separation in October 2013, though they had actually separated a year earlier. Kris filed for divorce in September 2014, citing irreconcilable differences. Their divorce terms were finalized in December 2014 and went into effect on March 23, 2015, because of a six-month state legal requirement.
In February 2015, Jenner was involved in a multiple-vehicle collision on the Pacific Coast Highway in Malibu, California. The accident caused one death and 8 injuries, but Jenner was able to walk away from the accident. The stepchildren of the deceased filed a wrongful death lawsuit against Jenner in relation to the incident.
In an April 2015, 20/20 interview with Diane Sawyer, Jenner came out as a trans woman, saying she had dealt with gender dysphoria since her youth, and that, for all intents and purposes, "I'm a woman." Jenner cross dressed for many years and did hormone replacement therapy but stopped after the romance with Kris Kardashian in the early 1990s became more serious. Jenner recounts having permission to explore her gender identity on her own travels but not when they were coupled, and that not knowing the best way to talk about the many issues contributed to the deterioration of the 22-year-long marriage, which formally ended in 2013.
In June 2015, Jenner debuted her new name and image, and marked using feminine pronoun self-descriptors. Her transition is the subject of an eight-part TV documentary series, I Am Cait, which will premiere on E! on July 26, 2015. It will consist of hour-long episodes detailing Jenner's gender transition and her life after publicly coming out as Caitlyn. While she has undergone some cosmetic surgery, she has not undergone sex reassignment surgery or ruled it out; she stated that, for her, life as a woman is primarily a matter of mental state and lifestyle. She said she has never been attracted to men and had exclusively been attracted to women before her transition and now identifies as asexual.
Jenner's announcement came at an unprecedented time for trans visibility, including legislative initiatives. The 20/20 interview had 20.7 million viewers, making it television's "highest-ever rated newsmagazine telecast among adults 18–49 and adults 25–54". The Daily Beast noted that Jenner's "honesty, [...] vulnerability, or [...] fame" may have caused "cheap jokes" about trans people, like those which aired during the show as part of the interview's educating the public on transphobia, to "seem mean to a mainstream audience on an unprecedented scale". Using examples of how comedians had changed in their talking about Jenner's transition, The Daily Beast saw the change as the same evolution that took place in acceptance of LGBT people as a whole when "comedians finally cross the critical threshold from mockery to creativity in their joke-telling".
Prior to Jenner's 20/20 interview, a two-part special titled Keeping Up with the Kardashians: About Bruce was filmed with the family to answer questions and prepare their children for personal and public aspects of the transition. The episodes aired in May 2015; they emphasized a point made in the 20/20 prelude: that there is no one right way to transition. Jenner made it a priority to ensure that all her children were independent first before focusing inward. Premiering the new "her"—as Jenner referred to her emerging gender identity—was done with a photo spread, interview, and Vanity Fair cover shot by Annie Leibovitz, which was released by Jenner via Twitter. Jenner is the first openly transgender woman featured on the cover of Vanity Fair. The Vanity Fair cover shot included the caption, "Call me Caitlyn," and accompanied her new Twitter handle, @Caitlyn_Jenner, and the message, "I'm so happy after such a long struggle to be living my true self. Welcome to the world Caitlyn. Can't wait for you to get to know her/me." She amassed over one million Twitter followers in just over four hours, setting a new Guinness World Record and surpassing United States President Barack Obama, who, a month before, accomplished the same feat in four and a half hours. Four days later Jenner was up to 2.37 million followers, with another 1.5 million followers on Instagram.
With her profile raised by her national coming out as a trans woman in April 2015, Jenner became one of the most recognized LGBT people in the world and arguably the most famous LGBT athlete. Jenner acknowledged in her 20/20 interview that part of her reason for being so visible was to bring attention to gender dysphoria, violence against trans women, and other transgender issues. She also sought to promote more informed discussion of LGBT issues at a time when the trans community has unprecedented visibility. She signed with Creative Artists Agency's speakers department and will collaborate with the CAA Foundation on a philanthropic strategy focusing on LGBT issues.
Jenner's first public appearance as Caitlyn will be to receive the Arthur Ashe Courage Award during the 2015 ESPY Awards in July. She was given the award because "she has shown the courage to embrace a truth that had been hidden for years, and to embark on a journey that may not only give comfort to those facing similar circumstances, but can also help to educate people on the challenges that the transgender community faces." She will be the third consecutive openly LGBT person to receive the award following footballer Michael Sam (2014), and anchorwoman Robin Roberts (2013). She was seen making a private appearance at the Los Angeles LGBT Center on June 9, 2015 where she spoke with at-risk trans youth.
- "Bruce Jenner's Life Now: More Golf, Less Kardashians" by Michelle Tauber, People, February 21, 2014
- Kindelan, Katie; Effron, Lauren. "Bruce Jenner's First Wife Chrystie Scott on When Former Olympian Said He Wanted to 'Be a Woman'". ABC News. Retrieved 8 June 2015.
- Govani, Shinan. "Now it’s Bruce’s turn: Spotlight shifts to Jenner with TV interview". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 10 June 2015.
- Giardina, Tony. "Olympic Track & Field: Decathlete Ashton Eaton Is Next American Star". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 11 June 2015.
Olympic decathlons first rose to prominence in America when Bruce Jenner competed in the 1976 games in Montreal. He became an American hero by setting the decathlon world record and taking gold back from the Soviets.
- Slonik, Daniel (April 24, 2015). "Bruce Jenner Says He Identifies as a Woman". The New York Times.
For the purpose of the interview, Mr. Jenner said he preferred the pronoun 'he', and Ms. Sawyer called him Bruce.
- Leibovitz, Annie (June 1, 2015). "Introducing Caitlyn Jenner". Vanity Fair. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- Pilkington, Ed (June 2, 2015). "Caitlyn Jenner: transgender community has mixed reactions to Vanity Fair reveal". The Guardian. Retrieved June 3, 2015.
Caitlyn Jenner's transition on the cover of Vanity Fair into the most famous trans woman in the world has earned her a massive global platform in under 24 hours.
- "Transgender reality, post-Jenner". MSNBC. June 2, 2015. Retrieved June 3, 2015.
As Caitlyn Jenner becomes the most famous transgender woman in history,
- Allen, Samantha (June 2, 2015). "Caitlyn Jenner's Beauty Should Not Obscure the Reality of Trans Lives". The Daily Beast. Retrieved June 3, 2015.
With Jenner undoubtedly becoming the world's most well-known transgender woman overnight,
- Ensor, Josie (25 April 2015). "Bruce Jenner: I was born with body of a man and soul of a woman". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- "William Bruce Jenner". Geni. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
- Crownover, Ernest Elder (1986). Matt and Daisy Dell Kuykendall Crownover: Their Ancestry and Posterity. Santa Rosa, California: E.E. Crownover. p. 39.
- Daniel, Hugo (November 11, 2014). "Bruce Jenner's mother on why she is not a fan of her son's new effeminate look... as she lets rip at his 'controlling monster' ex Kris in no-holds-barred interview". Daily Mail. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
- Scinto, Rich (February 19, 2015). "Bruce Jenner's Brother's Deadly Canton Crash Remembered". Patch. Retrieved June 7, 2015.
- Faber, Nancy (April 11, 1977). "Fame Woes". People 7 (14): 24–27. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
- Cooper, Chet. "Gold Medallist Bruce Jenner interviewed by Chet Cooper". Ability. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
- Lucas, Lisa; Adams Otis, Ginger; McShane, Larry (April 18, 2015). "Bruce Jenner's coaches, school pals recall athlete's early challenges, successes ahead of Diane Sawyer interview". Daily News (New York).
- Croke, Karen (April 24, 2015). "Will Bruce Jenner return to Tarrytown?". The Journal News.
- Davis, Stacy (March 22, 2011). "Jenner's name taken off football field". The News-Times.
- Holst, Don; Popp, Marcia S. (December 8, 2004). American Men of Olympic Track and Field: Interviews with Athletes and Coaches. McFarland & Company. pp. 53–62. ISBN 978-0-7864-1930-2. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
- Jenner, Bruce (April 1, 1999). Finding the Champion Within: A Step-by-Step Plan for Reaching Your Full Potential. Simon and Schuster. p. 45. ISBN 978-0-684-87037-3. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
- Murry R. Nelson, ed. (May 23, 2013). American Sports: A History of Icons, Idols, and Ideas: A History of Icons, Idols, and Ideas. ABC-CLIO. p. 611. ISBN 978-0-313-39753-0. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
- Sielski, Mike (November 19, 2003). "Jenner true to word, wins Olympic gold". ESPN Classic. Retrieved March 1, 2015.
- Zarnowski, Frank (1992). "History of the Decathlon a U.S. Olympic Trials". The Decathlon Association.
- Richard Hymans (2008). "The History of the United States Olympic trials – Track and Field". USA Track and Field
- "Athletics at the 1972 München Summer Games: Men's Decathlon". SR/Olympic Sports. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
- Darcy, Samantha (June 20, 2013). "OK! Investigates: You Will Not Believe How Much Bruce Jenner Is Worth!!". OK!.
- Dooley, Sean; Dawson, Margaret; Zak, Lana; Ng, Christina; Effron, Lauren; Keneally, Meghan (April 24, 2015). "Bruce Jenner's Journey Through the Years". ABC News.
- Lee, Jimson (March 2, 2011). "Bud Winter Biography, San Jose State University 1940–1970, Part 1". Speed Endurance.
- "Bruce Jenner wins decathlon". "This Day in History". History. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
- "Decathlon and Heptathlon". The Sports Book. 3rd Edition. DK Publishing. p. 672
- White, Maury. "Bruce Jenner". The Des Moines Register. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
- "1974 Covers (18-issue year)". Track & Field News. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
- "USA Outdoor Track & Field Hall of Fame". USA Track & Field. Retrieved April 2, 2014.
- "French Championships". gbrathletics.com. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- "Athletics at the 1976 Montréal Summer Games: Men's Decathlon". SR/Olympic Sports. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
- Caple, Jim. "Revisiting Bruce Jenner's historic Olympic moment". ESPN. Retrieved 10 June 2015.
- Murry R. Nelson, American Sports: A History of Icons, Idols, and Ideas (2013, ISBN 0313397538), page 612.
- "Arturs Irbe, Bruce Jenner headline San Jose Sports Hall of Fame Class of 2010". San Jose Mercury News. September 22, 2010. Retrieved January 11, 2015.
- "Dan O'Brien". eSpeakers, Inc. American Fork, Utah. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
- "Decathlon All Time". IAAF Athletics. International Association of Athletics Federations. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
- Florence, Mal (May 31, 1987). "Bruce Jenner Invitational Track and Field Meet: Myricks Takes Dim View of 29-Footer by Soviet Long Jumper". Los Angeles Times.
- O'Day, Joe (February 6, 2015). "Olympic Golden Boy Jenner Hits Jackpot". Daily News (New York).
- "The Wheaties Story".
- "On the Guest List". 2014. Gerald R. Ford Presidential Library and Museum. Tumblr. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
- Perkins, Laura (November 22, 2002). "Olympian Bruce Jenner in S.F. to defend 'Breakfast of Champions'". San Francisco Chronicle.
- Kim, Randy (2015). "Draft Oddities". Retrieved April 25, 2015.
- "Season 3: Episode 6". Saturday Night Live Transcripts. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
- "Bruce Jenner Biography". Bio.. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
- "Super Step Plus Stair Climber". Reading Eagle, (Reading, Pennsylvania). December 20, 1992. p. 12. Archived at Google News. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
- Hannity, Sean (March 31, 2010). "Tinseltown Conservatives Bruce Jenner and Jason Sehorn Talk Politics". Fox News Channel.
- "Kris Jenner Talks Bruce Jenner Split: 'We Are Better People And Happier' Apart" The Huffington Post, October 31, 2013
- Frankel, Daniel (July 17, 2008). "'Kardashians' gets third season". Variety.
- Lee, Esther (February 18, 2015). "Bruce Jenner's Gender Transition Shocks Longtime Racing Friend Scott Pruett: 'He Was a Stud'". Us Weekly.
- "The Eighties: The Reign Of The IMSA GTP Prototypes". International Motor Sports Association. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
- Bromberg, Nick (August 15, 2013). "Bruce Jenner says racing cars, not running, has brought him the closest to passing out". Yahoo! Sports.
- Yeomans, Jeannine (November 24, 2000). "San Rafael Firm Goes for Gold With Jenner". The San Francisco Chronicle
- "Local News in Brief: County Settles Health Club Suit". Los Angeles Times. January 27, 1989
- Silverstein, Jason (April 25, 2015). "Bruce Jenner admits to being Republican during '20/20' interview, shocking some on social media". Daily News (New York).
- Schwarz, Hunter (April 24, 2015). "Bruce Jenner said he's Republican. Only 21 percent of LGBT Americans are.". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286.
- Ottum, Bob (November 3, 1980). "Hey, Mister Fantasy Man". Sports Illustrated (SI Vault). Retrieved May 16, 2015.
- "Burton William Jenner, Born 9/6/1978 in California". California Birth Index. Retrieved April 28, 2015.
- Jenner, Chrystie (January 12, 1981). "An Olympic Hero's Ex-Wife Finds Out Who She Is in the Wreckage of Her Marriage" 15 (1). Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
- "Notes on People; Bruce Jenner Married 'Hee Haw' Entertainer; Hawaiian Wedding". The New York Times. January 7, 1981. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
- "After Five Years, Bruce Jenner and Second Wife Linda Find Happiness Is Not Working Out". People 25 (6). February 10, 1986.
- Saad, Nardine (March 5, 2013). "Brody Jenner joins 'Keeping Up With the Kardashians'". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on April 3, 2013. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
- "Jenner-Kardashian". The Day (New London, Connecticut). April 23, 1991. p. A2. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
- Baker, Ken; Finn, Natalie (October 8, 2013). "Kris Jenner and Bruce Jenner Are Separated, "Much Happier" Living Apart". E!. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- Takeda, Allison (October 8, 2013). "Kris Jenner, Bruce Jenner Separate After 22 Years of Marriage: 'I Will Always Love Him'". Us Weekly. Retrieved October 8, 2013.
- Finn, Natalie (September 22, 2014). "Kris Jenner Files for Divorce From Bruce Jenner 11 Months After Revealing Separation". E!. Retrieved September 22, 2014.
- Bacardi, Francesca (December 18, 2014). "Kris Jenner and Bruce Jenner's Divorce Finalized". E!. Retrieved January 29, 2015.
- McShane, Larry (February 7, 2015). "Bruce Jenner blames paparazzi for deadly three-car pileup on Pacific Coast Highway". Daily News. New York. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- Dobuzinskis, Alex; Grebler, Dan, Editor; Plumb, Christian, Editor (February 7, 2015). "Ex-Olympian Bruce Jenner in car crash that killed another, police say". Los Angeles. Reuters. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- Lara, Maria Mercedes (February 7, 2015). "Bruce Jenner Involved in Fatal Car Crash in Malibu". People. Retrieved February 7, 2015.
- Rothman, Michael; Vojtech, Jim (May 1, 2015). "Bruce Jenner Served With Wrongful Death Lawsuit for Malibu Crash". ABC News. Retrieved May 2, 2015.
- Hetter, Katia; Almasy, Steve; Yan, Holly (May 2, 2015). "Bruce Jenner sued over fatal car accident". CNN. Retrieved May 2, 2015.
- Capehart, Jonathan. "Caitlyn Jenner comes out in Vanity Fair". The Washington Post. Retrieved June 2, 2015.
- Dooley, Sean; Dawson, Margaret; Zak, Lana; Ng, Christina; Effron, Lauren; Keneally, Meghan. "Bruce Jenner: 'I'm a Woman'". 20/20/ABC News. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
- Allen, Nick. "Bruce Jenner 'started transgender journey in 1980s'". The Daily Telegraph.
- Lee, Esther. "Caitlyn Jenner Insists Kris Jenner Knew About Women's Clothing, Breast Growth, Hormone Use". Us Magazine. Retrieved 4 June 2015.
- Nessif, Bruna (June 3, 2015). "Caitlyn Jenner Starring in New E! Docu-Series I Am Cait—Watch the First Promo!". E! Online. E!. Retrieved June 23, 2015.
- ABC News. "'I Am Cait' Promo for Caitlyn Jenner Docu-Series Hits the Internet". ABC News.
- Diane Sawyer, (April 24, 2015). "Bruce Jenner – The Interview". ABC News.
- Yahr, Emily (April 24, 2015). "Bruce Jenner's in-depth interview: 'For all intents and purposes, I am a woman'". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
- "Bruce Jenner Comes Out as Transgender Woman: How Family, Celebrities Reacted". ABC News. April 24, 2015. Retrieved April 25, 2015.
- Griggs, Brandon. "America's transgender moment". CNN. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
- Helmore, Edward. "Bruce Jenner throws focus on America's 'new civil rights frontier'". The Guardian. Retrieved April 26, 2015.
- Berman, Marc. "Bruce Jenner '20/20' Interview Rises to Over 20-Million Viewers". TV Media Insights. Retrieved May 7, 2015.
- Allen, Samantha. "How To Tell A Bruce Jenner Joke: Late Night's Subtle Transition". The Daily Beast. Retrieved May 7, 2015.
- Marcus, Stephanie. "'Keeping Up With The Kardashians: About Bruce' Was Just As Emotional As Expected". The Huffington Post. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- Leonard, Elizabeth. "Bruce Jenner to Pose for Cover of Vanity Fair, Sources Say". People. Retrieved June 1, 2015.
- Master, Samantha. "8 Transgender Women of Color Who Are Using Their Visibility to Empower Transgender People of Color". The Root. Retrieved 2015-06-04.
- Parkinson, Hannah Jane (2 June 2015). "Caitlyn Jenner smashes Twitter world record, reaching a million followers". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
- Italie, Leanne. "Graydon Carter: Vanity Fair 'Worked' the 'Net on Caitlyn". Associated Press. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
- Elsom, Dan. "Five transgender athletes that dominated the sporting world". News.com.au. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
- Ford, Matt. "The Courage of Bruce Jenner In a landmark interview with Diane Sawyer, the Olympic champion and reality-television star came out as transgender.". The Atlantic. Retrieved 25 April 2015.
- Sun, Rebecca (2015-03-06). "Caitlyn Jenner Signs With CAA Speakers". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2015-06-04.
- Nesheim, Jay Jay (June 1, 2015). "Caitlyn Jenner to be Honored with the Arthur Ashe Courage Award at The 2015 ESPYS on ABC July 15".ESPN Media Zone.
- Garcia, Michelle. "This Summer, Caitlyn Jenner Will Have a Watershed Moment for Trans Athletes". Mic.com. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
- Kellaway, Mitch (June 11, 2015). "Caitlyn Jenner Gives Inspirational Speech to Trans Youth in First Public Appearance". Advocate.com.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Caitlyn Jenner.|
- Caitlyn Jenner on Twitter
- Caitlyn Jenner at the Internet Movie Database
- Caitlyn Jenner profile at IAAF
|Men's decathlon world record holder
August 10, 1975 – May 15, 1980