Bruce Johnston

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Bruce Johnston
Bruce Johnston with the Beach Boys in 2019
Bruce Johnston with the Beach Boys in 2019
Background information
Birth nameBenjamin Baldwin
Born (1942-06-27) June 27, 1942 (age 79)
Peoria, Illinois, U.S.
OriginLos Angeles, California, U.S.
Genres
Occupation(s)
  • Musician
  • singer
  • songwriter
  • arranger
  • producer
Instruments
  • Vocals
  • keyboards
  • bass
Years active1957–present
Associated acts

Bruce Arthur Johnston (born Benjamin Baldwin; June 27, 1942) is an American musician, singer, songwriter, arranger, and record producer who is best known as a member of the Beach Boys since 1965. Johnston also collaborated on many records with Terry Melcher (his bandmate in Bruce & Terry, the Rip Chords, and California Music) and composed the 1975 Barry Manilow hit, "I Write the Songs".[1]

Born in Illinois, Johnston grew up in Los Angeles and studied classical piano in his early years. While in high school, he arranged and played on his first hit record, Sandy Nelson's "Teen Beat" (1959), and also worked with musicians such as Kim Fowley and Phil Spector. One of Johnston's first gigs was as a member of the surf band the Gamblers before becoming a staff producer at Columbia Records.

In 1965, Johnston joined the Beach Boys for live performances, initially filling in for the group's co-founder Brian Wilson. Johnston's first appearance on the band's records was as a vocalist on "California Girls" (1965). He later contributed original material to the group's albums, including "The Nearest Faraway Place" on 20/20 (1969), "Tears in the Morning" and "Deirdre" on Sunflower (1970), and "Disney Girls (1957)" on Surf's Up (1971).

Johnston left the Beach Boys in 1972 and subsequently embarked on a solo career. During this time, Johnston recorded one solo album, Going Public (1977), his last to date. In late 1978, he rejoined the Beach Boys to co-produce the group's L.A. (Light Album) (1979). Since then, he has continued to tour as a member of the band.

Background[edit]

As a child, Johnston was adopted by William and Irene Johnston of Chicago and grew up on the West side of Los Angeles in Brentwood and Bel-Air. His adoptive family is of Irish descent, with his grandparents hailing from Markethill, County Armagh.[2] His adoptive father was president of the Owl Rexall Drug Company in Los Angeles after moving from Walgreens in Chicago. Johnston attended the private Bel Air Town and Country School (later renamed John Thomas Dye School) and the University of California, Los Angeles. He also studied classical piano in his early years, training at Interlochen Arts Camp as a youth.[3]

Early career[edit]

In high school, Johnston switched to contemporary music. He performed in a few "beginning" bands during this time and then moved on to working with young musicians such as Sandy Nelson, Kim Fowley, and Phil Spector.[4][5] Soon Johnston began backing people such as Ritchie Valens,[6] the Everly Brothers, and Eddie Cochran.[7] In 1959, while still in high school, Johnston arranged and played on his first hit record, "Teen Beat" by Sandy Nelson.[8] The single reached the Billboard Top Ten. The same year, Johnston made his first single under his own name, "Take This Pearl" on Arwin Records (a record label owned by Doris Day) as part of the Bruce & Jerry duo (Jerry Cooper was a high school friend of Bruce's).[9]

In 1960, Johnston started his record production career at Del-Fi Records, producing five singles and an album – Love You So – by Ron Holden (many of the album's eleven tracks were written or co-written by Johnston).[10] In 1962 and 1963, Johnston continued his recording career with a series of surfin' singles (vocal & instrumental) and an album, Surfin' 'Round the World, credited to Bruce Johnston, and another "live" album, the Bruce Johnston Surfin' Band's Surfer's Pajama Party. In 1963 came the first collaboration with his friend Terry Melcher (Doris Day's son), a mostly instrumental covers album credited to the Hot Doggers.[11]

The first artist that Johnston and Melcher produced was a group called the Rip Chords. The pair were now working as staff producers at Columbia Records, Hollywood, and by the time they were producing the million-selling "Hey Little Cobra", a knock-off of the Beach Boys car song vocal style, they also wound up singing every layered vocal part for the recording.[12] The two of them made a few recordings as Bruce & Terry and the Rogues, but Melcher began to focus more on his production career (with the Byrds, Paul Revere & the Raiders).[13]

Original tenure with the Beach Boys[edit]

Johnston with the Beach Boys, 1971

On April 9, 1965, Johnston joined the Beach Boys in New Orleans, replacing Glen Campbell, who briefly filled in as a touring member for Brian Wilson, and had declined an offer to officially join the band. Johnston did not start playing bass until his first tenure with the Beach Boys, and the first contributions Johnston made as one of the Beach Boys was on Summer Days (And Summer Nights!!). For contractual reasons, however, he was not credited or photographed on a Beach Boys album cover until Wild Honey (1967).[14]

In May 1966, Johnston flew to London and played Pet Sounds (1966) for John Lennon, Paul McCartney, and Keith Moon.[15] Johnston provided backing vocals to six of the album's 13 tracks: "Wouldn't It Be Nice", "You Still Believe in Me", "That's Not Me", "God Only Knows" (also co-lead), "Sloop John B", and "I Just Wasn't Made for These Times".[16] He similarly contributed backing vocals to some of the subsequent Smile sessions.[17] In early 1967, Wilson discussed the extent of his personal relationship with Johnston to Melody Maker: "I'm afraid I only know Bruce superficially. ... I only see him at recording sessions. ... He's a very likeable person."[18]

Johnston did not participate in most of the 1967 Smiley Smile sessions[19] and played on only a few tracks on Wild Honey.[20] Reflecting on Smiley Smile, Johnston said it was "a thousand times better than the [original Smile] ... It's just the most underrated album in the whole catalog for me."[21] He had an unfavorable opinion of the band's 1968 album Friends, calling the songs "wimpy".[21] The Beach Boys asked touring member Billy Hinsche to permanently replace Johnston in mid-1969, although Hinsche elected to focus on his studies at UCLA and Johnston was not aware of the offer at the time.[22]

Starting with the instrumental "The Nearest Faraway Place" from 20/20 (1969), Johnston's original compositions began appearing on the band's records. Johnston considered his favorite Beach Boys album to be Sunflower (1970).[23] In a 1970s interview, he described it as the last true Beach Boys album because, in his belief, it was the last to feature Wilson's input and active involvement.[24] He nonetheless regretted the inclusion of his two songs, saying that "Tears in the Morning" was "too pop" and that "I wish I hadn't recorded ['Deirdre'] with the group."[23]

Surf's Up (1971) included Johnston's most notable written composition for the band, "Disney Girls (1957)", which was subsequently recorded by, among others, Cass Elliot, Captain & Tennille, Art Garfunkel, Jack Jones, and Doris Day.[25] From a performance standpoint, he later cited 1971 as his favorite year of the group musically because their set lists focused on newer songs.[26] He also criticized Surf's Up as "a hyped-up lie."[27] His final contribution before departing consisting of backing vocals on their 1972 song "Marcella".[citation needed]

In 1972, Johnston was dismissed from the band. According to manager Jack Rieley, he fired Johnston at the request of the Wilson brothers.[28] Brian told an interviewer, "All I know is he got into a horrible fight with Jack Rieley. Some dispute, and they got into a horrible fight, and the next day Bruce was gone."[29] Dennis Wilson said, "There's less tension since Bruce left. ... Musically, we didn't click [and] appreciate each other, so one day we both said, 'OK, that's it.' He's a good guy but he was writing stuff for a solo album. ... We're a band."[30] Mike Love stated, "It was very amicable. The Beach Boys never threw him out. He was just on a tangent that was outside The Beach Boys for so many years."[31] Johnston himself said that he left the band partly due to his unhappiness with Brian's creative withdrawal from the group.[31] Later, in 1974, he said that he departed because he "didn't want to go on singing oldies for the rest of my life" and was "too frustrated being [considered as] a fifth of something – what was what I was with the Beach Boys."[32]

Solo career and return to the Beach Boys[edit]

Johnston (left) with Roy Orbison in 1979.

Although he was no longer an official member of the band, Johnston continued to make occasional appearances on their albums from the mid-1970s.[21] Concurrently, he embarked on a solo career. In 1977, he released his third solo album Going Public, which included among its tracks Johnston's own recording of "I Write the Songs" as well as a disco remake of his 1970 Beach Boys song "Deirdre". Johnston would also score a hit off the album on the disco charts with a dance-oriented remake of the Chantays' hit "Pipeline" after the recording was popularized by Manhattan-based underground DJ David Mancuso.

At the end of 1978, Johnston rejoined the Beach Boys at Brian Wilson's request to appear on (and co-produce) the album L.A. (Light Album).[33] The following year he was credited as sole producer on the follow-up LP, Keepin' the Summer Alive. Johnston has remained with the Beach Boys ever since and was the only member to continue touring with Mike Love as the Beach Boys after the death of Carl Wilson.

Biographer Peter Ames Carlin approached Johnston during the writing of the 2006 book Catch a Wave: The Rise, Fall and Redemption of the Beach Boys' Brian Wilson). However, Johnston was reluctant to be interviewed and only offered a few comments via e-mail.[34] According to Carlin, Johnston remarked at one point, "I can tell that you are far deeper into the Beach Boys thing than I will ever be in 100 lifetimes! It's only business to me."[35]

Johnston still retains his equal ownership of the band's ASCAP publishing company, Wilojarston, and is the only member of the band to have earned a Grammy Award for Song of the Year.[36][37] As of 2020, Johnston remains the longest-tenured active member of the Beach Boys after Love.

Other work[edit]

Johnston performing with the Beach Boys in Kentucky, 1995

In 1967, Johnston sang on "My World Fell Down", a minor hit for the Gary Usher-led studio group Sagittarius.[citation needed]

In the mid-1970s, he wrote "I Write the Songs", which was originally recorded by Captain & Tennille. The song became a Billboard number one hit by Barry Manilow, for which Johnston won a Grammy Award for Song of the Year in 1977.[38] "I Write the Songs" would go on to be recorded by over two hundred artists, including Frank Sinatra, among others. Regarding the Grammy win, Johnston stated: "How did I win a Grammy for a song that I wrote in my car and Brian Wilson and Mike Love have not won a well-deserved songwriting Grammy? Why is fate being so unfair to two of my pop music songwriting heroes?".[citation needed]

In 1977, Johnston provided vocal arrangements and sang back-up vocals on Eric Carmen's LP Boats Against the Current and can be heard on the hit single "She Did It", with inspiration taken from the 1968 Beach Boys' hit "Do It Again".[citation needed] Additionally, during this period Johnston wrote backing vocal arrangements and also sang on the recordings for Elton John including "Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me". He also contributed vocals to several songs on Pink Floyd's album The Wall,[39] most notably in the song "The Show Must Go On", which Roger Waters specifically wrote for Beach Boys-style vocal harmonies.

In 2021, a reconstituted line-up of California Music was formed by Johnston with members of the Beach Boys and their family. Omnivore Recordings released their first album, California Music Presents Add Some Music, in April 2021.[40]

Personal life[edit]

Johnston married Harriet Johnston in 1976 and has four sons: Ozzie, Justin, Ryan, and Max.[41] He described himself as "a real conservative guy" and stated that he had never taken drugs other than alcohol in his life.[42] Politically, he identified as a Republican as of 2012. He was the subject of some controversy during the band's 50th anniversary tour, when a fan video during a meet and greet caught him being critical of then-US President Barack Obama, as well as 2012 Republican Presidential nominee, Mitt Romney.[43]

Discography[edit]

Solo[edit]

Albums

Year Album details
June 1962 Surfers' Pajama Party
  • Released: June 1962
  • Label: Del-Fi Records
  • Tracks: "Surfer's Delight"; "Kansas City"; "Mashin' the Popeye"; "Gee But I'm Lonesome"; "Green Onions"; "Ramrod"; "Last Night"; "Surfer Stomp"; "What'd I Say"; "Something On Your Mind"
July 1963 Surfin' Round the World
  • Released: July 1963
  • Label: Columbia Records
  • Tracks: "Surfin' Round the World"; "Maksha at Midnight"; "Down Under"; "Cape Town"; "Biarritz"; "Jersey Channel Islands, Pt. 7"; "The Hamptons"; "Virginia Beach"; "Surf-A-Nova"; "Hot Pastrami, Mashed Potatoes, Come on to Rincon-Yeah!!"; "Malibu"; "Surfin's Here to Stay"
May 1977 Going Public

Singles

Date of release Title Label Chart positions
February 1962 "Do the Surfer Stomp (Part One)"/"Do the Surfer Stomp (Part Two)" Donna never charted
April 1962 "Soupy Shuffle Stomp"/"Moon Shot" Donna never charted
March 1963 "The Original Surfer Stomp"/"Pajama Party" Del-Fi never charted
August 1977 (UK) "Pipeline"/"Disney Girls" CBS Records #33 (UK)
September 1977 "Pipeline"/"Disney Girls" + "Pipeline"/"Deirdre" (12") Columbia Records never charted
1977 "Rendezvous"/"I Write the Songs" Columbia Records never charted

with the Beach Boys[edit]

with Mike Love[edit]

Songs (written or co-written)[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ankeny, Jason. "Biography: Bruce Johnston". Allmusic. Retrieved May 21, 2010.
  2. ^ "Beach Boy Bruce can trace his roots back to Armagh".
  3. ^ "Beach Boys | Interlochen Summer Arts Camp". Camp.interlochen.org. Retrieved March 1, 2020.
  4. ^ Williams, Richard (January 18, 2015). "Kim Fowley obituary". theguardian.com. Guardian News & Media Limited. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
  5. ^ Tarter, Steve. "Extra: Peoria's Beach Boy Bruce Johnston wasn't always a California dreamer". pjstar.com. Gannett Co. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
  6. ^ "Bruce Johnston, Ritchie Valens and "Donna" (Ludwig)". January 13, 2013. Retrieved May 15, 2015.
  7. ^ Evans, Richard (2010). The Golden Age of Rock 'N' Roll. Chartwell Books. p. 185.
  8. ^ "Bruce Johnston". namm.org. NAMM. Retrieved December 28, 2019.
  9. ^ Moore, Mark A. (2016). The Jan & Dean Record: A Chronology of Studio Sessions, Live Performances And Chart Positions. McFarland. p. 48.
  10. ^ Givens, Linda Holden (2009). Holden On To Family Roots: A Granddaughters Family and Genealogy Search. Xlibris Corporation. p. 112.
  11. ^ Leszczak, Bob (2014). Encyclopedia of Pop Music Aliases, 1950-2000. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 183.
  12. ^ "Hey Little Cobra by The Rip Chords". songfacts.com. Songfacts, LLC. Retrieved December 28, 2019.
  13. ^ Talevski, Nick (2010). Rock Obituaries: Knocking On Heaven's Door. Omnibus Press. p. 421.
  14. ^ Cashmere, Paul. "Bruce Johnston Clocks Up 50 Years In The Beach Boys". noise11.com. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
  15. ^ Bruce Johnston brings Pet Sounds to Lennon & McCartney in London on YouTube
  16. ^ Slowinski, Craig. "Pet Sounds LP". beachboysarchives.com. Endless Summer Quarterly. Retrieved September 24, 2018.
  17. ^ The Smile Sessions (deluxe box set booklet). The Beach Boys. Capitol Records. 2011.CS1 maint: others in cite AV media (notes) (link)
  18. ^ Delehant, Jim (February 1967). "Brian Wilson Tells Why He Likes The Beach Boys". Melody Maker.
  19. ^ Badman 2004, p. 188.
  20. ^ Slowinski, Craig (2017). Endless Summer Quarterly. 121. p. ?.
  21. ^ a b c Sharp, Ken (September 4, 2013). "Bruce Johnston On the Beach Boys' Enduring Legacy (Interview)". Rock Cellar Magazine. Archived from the original on September 19, 2018. Retrieved September 2, 2018.
  22. ^ Badman 2004, p. 253.
  23. ^ a b Badman 2004, p. 275.
  24. ^ Leaf 1978, p. 134.
  25. ^ Hinson, Mark. "Bruce Johnston really is a beach boy". tallahassee.com. The Tallahassee Democrat. Retrieved December 22, 2019.
  26. ^ Leaf 1978, p. 141.
  27. ^ Badman 2004, p. 298.
  28. ^ "THE LIFE OF RIELEY". Record Collector. Retrieved September 17, 2020.
  29. ^ Tobler, John (1978). The Beach Boys. Chartwell Books. p. 64. ISBN 0890091749.
  30. ^ Badman 2004, p. 313.
  31. ^ a b Badman 2004, p. 308.
  32. ^ Badman 2004, p. 342.
  33. ^ Marsh, Dave. "L.A. (Light Album)". rollingstone.com. Rolling Stone, LLC. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
  34. ^ Carlin 2006, pp. iv, 314.
  35. ^ Carlin 2006, p. 314.
  36. ^ "Skrillex is collaborating with The Beach Boys' Bruce Johnston". Djmag.com. July 23, 2020. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
  37. ^ "BRUCE JOHNSTON & SKRILLEX team up". Esquarterly.com. July 24, 2020. Retrieved September 15, 2021.
  38. ^ Kamm, Matt. "How Bruce Johnston helped shape the long-term success of the Beach Boys". orlandoweekly.com. Orlando Weekly. Retrieved December 27, 2019.
  39. ^ Dillon 2012, p. 205.
  40. ^ Greene, Andy (February 26, 2021). "Hear the Beach Boys Reunite on Charity Re-Recording of 'Add Some Music to Your Day'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved April 7, 2021.
  41. ^ Stebbins, Jon (September 1, 2011). The Beach Boys FAQ: All That's Left to Know About America's Band. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 41. ISBN 978-1-4584-2918-6.
  42. ^ Dillon 2012, p. 201.
  43. ^ "Beach Boys' Bruce Johnston Blasts Obama". Rolling Stone. May 11, 2012. Retrieved September 4, 2019.

Bibliography

External links[edit]