Bruce Malina

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Bruce John Malina (Brooklyn, New York, 9 October 1933 - 17 August 2017) was an American biblical scholar associated with The Context Group.[1][2] Among Bruce Malina's studies are gender roles in the New Testament world.[3] Malina is most noted for his application of social scientific approaches to the Bible, and was at the forefront of bringing in insights from anthropology to bear on understanding ancient religious and social concepts found in the Bible. Malina stands as one of the primary initiators of and major contributors to the deployment of terms such as "honor," "shame," "benefactor," "patronage," and "social boundaries" in analyzing the Bible.

Bibliography[edit]

  • 1968. The Palestinian Manna Tradition: The Manna Tradition in the Palestinian Targums and Its Relationship to the New Testament Writings. Arbeiten zur Geschichte des Spätjudentums und Urchristentums 7. Leiden: Brill.
  • 1981. The New Testament World: Insights from Cultural Anthropology. 1st ed. Atlanta: John Knox.
  • 1985. The Gospel of John in Sociolinguistic Perspective: Protocol of the Forty-Eighth Colloquy, 11 March 1984. Berkeley: Center for Hermeneutical Studies in Hellenistic and Modern Culture.
  • 1986. Christian Origins and Cultural Anthropology: Practical Models for Biblical Interpretation. Atlanta: John Knox. Reprint, Eugene, OR: Wipf & Stock, 2010.
  • 1988. And Jerome H. Neyrey. Calling Jesus Names: The Social Value of Labels in Matthew. Foundations & Facets: Social Facets. Sonoma, CA: Polebridge.
  • 1992. And Richard L. Rohrbaugh. Social Science Commentary on the Synoptic Gospels. Minneapolis: Fortress.
  • 1993. The New Testament World: Insights from Cultural Anthropology. 2nd ed. Louisville: Westminster John Knox.
  • 1993. Windows on the World of Jesus: Time Travel to Ancient Judea. Louisville: Westminster John Knox.
  • 1993. And John J. Pilch, editors. Biblical Social Values and Their Meaning: A Handbook. 1st ed. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson.
  • 1995. On the Genre and Message of Revelation: Star Visions and Sky Journeys. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson.
  • 1996. The Social World of Jesus and the Gospels. London: Routledge.
  • 1996. And Jerome H. Neyrey. Portraits of Paul: An Archaeology of Ancient Personality.
  • 1998. And Richard L. Rohrbaugh. Social Science Commentary on the Gospel of John. Minneapolis: Fortress.
  • 1998. And John J. Pilch, editors. Handbook of Biblical Social Values. 2nd ed. Peabody, MA: Hendrickson.
  • 2000. The New Jerusalem in the Revelation of John: The City as Symbol of Life with God. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical.
  • 2000. And John J. Pilch. Social Science Commentary on the Book of Revelation. Minneapolis: Fortress.
  • 2001. The New Testament World: Insights from Cultural Anthropology. 3rd ed. Louisville: Westminster John Knox.
  • 2001. The Social Gospel of Jesus: The Kingdom of God in Mediterranean Perspective. Minneapolis: Fortress.
  • 2002. And Wolfgang Stegemann and Gerd Theissen, editors. The Social Setting of Jesus and the Gospels. Minneapolis: Fortress. German edition: Jesus in neuen Kontexten. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 2002.
  • 2002. The Social World of Jesus and the Gospels. London: Routledge.
  • 2003. And Richard L. Rohrbaugh. Social-Science Commentary on the Synoptic Gospels. 2nd ed. Minneapolis: Fortress.
  • 2006. And John J. Pilch. Social-Science Commentary on the Letters of Paul. Minneapolis: Fortress.
  • 2008. Timothy: Paul's Closest Associate. Paul's Social Network. Collegeville, MN: Liturgical.
  • 2008. And John J. Pilch. Social-Science Commentary on the Book of Acts. Minneapolis: Fortress.
  • 2013. * 2000. And John J. Pilch. Social Science Commentary on the Deutero-Pauline Letters. Minneapolis: Fortress.
  • 2016. And John J. Pilch, editors. Handbook of Biblical Social Values. 3rd ed. Matrix--The Bible in Mediterranean Context 10. Eugene, OR: Cascade Books.

Recent criticism[edit]

Malina came under fire for his controversial views on the Israeli–Palestinian conflict and how this has influenced his scholarship. On the one hand, it is claimed that he takes a firm stance against the modern state of Israel, going as far as to deny the Semitic ancestry of modern Israelis; on the other hand, critics say that Malina often ends up buying into Zionist discourses on the meaning of the term "Jew or "Judean" (hoi ioudaioi), arguing that it refers to 'the land'.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Malina, Dr. Bruce J". Omaha.com. 19 August 2017. Retrieved 2018-03-05. 
  2. ^ Bruce John Malina, John J. Pilch (ed.), Social Scientific Models for Interpreting the Bible. Essays by the Context Group in Honor of Bruce J. Malina, Leiden: Brill, 2000, p. 1 "Bruce was born on October 9th, 1933 to Mary and Joseph Malina, St., in Brooklyn, NY, the oldest of nine children. His early education was taken at Our Lady of ...
  3. ^ Adeline Fehribach, The Women in the Life of the Bridegroom: A Feminist Historical-literary Analysis of the Female Characters in the Fourth Gospel, Liturgical Press, 1998, p. 13 "Bruce Malina has attempted to reconstruct gender roles for the New Testament world by drawing on the research cultural anthropologists have done on the concept of "honor and shame" in the Mediterranean area."
  4. ^ Myles, Robert; James Crossley (Dec 2012). "Biblical Scholarship, Jews and Israel: On Bruce Malina, Conspiracy Theories and Ideological Contradictions". The Bible and Interpretation.