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Bruce Tuckman

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Bruce Tuckman
BornNovember 24, 1938
DiedMarch 14, 2016
Alma mater
Known forTuckman's stages of group development
Scientific career
FieldsEducational psychology
Group dynamics

Bruce Wayne Tuckman (November 24, 1938 – March 13, 2016) was an American psychological researcher who carried out research into the theory of group dynamics.[1] In 1965, he published a theory generally known as "Tuckman's stages of group development".

According to his theory, there are four phases of group development, they are: Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing. In 1977, he added a fifth stage, named Adjourning.

Tuckman was also known for his research on college students' procrastination and development of the Tuckman Procrastination Scale (1991).

He served as professor of educational psychology at Ohio State University, where he founded and directed the Walter E. Dennis Learning Center with the mission of providing students of all backgrounds with strategies for college success that enabled them to enter, excel in, and complete programs of post-secondary education.

To teach students strategies for succeeding in college, he co-authored the textbook, Learning and Motivation Strategies: Your Guide to Success, with Dennis A. Abry and Dennis R. Smith.

Educational background[edit]


Tuckman wrote 18 books and over 100 articles,[1] including:


  1. ^ a b "In Memoriam". Ohio State University. 2013. Archived from the original on 2020-08-09. Retrieved 2017-06-13.
  2. ^ Goodreads.com, Long Road to Boston
  • Smith, M. K. (2005). ‘Bruce W. Tuckman – forming, storming, norming and performing in groups, the encyclopaedia of informal education. Retrieved: 2014-07-25.

External links[edit]