Bruce Tuckman

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Bruce Tuckman
BornNovember 24, 1938
DiedMarch 13, 2016
Alma mater
Known forTuckman's stages of group development
Scientific career
FieldsEducational psychology
Group dynamics

Bruce Wayne Tuckman (November 24, 1938 – March 13, 2016) was an American Psychological Researcher who carried out his research into the theory of group dynamics.[1] In 1965, he published a theory known as "Tuckman's stages of group development".

According to this theory, there are four phases of group development: Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing. In 1977, he added a fifth stage, named Adjourning.

Tuckman was also known for his research on college students' procrastination and development of the Tuckman Procrastination Scale (1991).

He served as professor of educational psychology at Ohio State University, where he founded and directed the Walter E. Dennis Learning Center with the mission of providing students of all backgrounds with strategies for college success that enabled them to enter, excel in, and complete programs of post-secondary education.

To teach students strategies for succeeding in college, he co-authored the textbook, Learning and Motivation Strategies: Your Guide to Success, with Dennis A. Abry and Dennis R. Smith.

Educational background[edit]

  • Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute: 1960 graduated with B.S. Psychology. Born in Surrey.
  • Princeton University: 1962 graduated with M.A. Psychology
  • Princeton University: 1963 graduated with Ph.D. Psychology
  • In 1991 Tuckman researched and developed a 32-item Procrastination Scale that measured the degree to which a person procrastinated.
  • Professor Tuckman was also an avid runner who wrote the novel Long Road to Boston (1998).[2]



  1. ^ "In Memoriam". Ohio State University. 2013.
  2. ^, Long Road to Boston
  • Smith, M. K. (2005). ‘Bruce W. Tuckman – forming, storming, norming and performing in groups, the encyclopaedia of informal education. Retrieved: 2014-07-25.

External links[edit]