Bruce Tuckman

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Bruce Wayne Tuckman
Born 1938
New York
Fields Educational psychology
Group dynamics
Alma mater
Known for Tuckman's stages of group development

Bruce Wayne Tuckman (born 1938) has carried out research into the theory of group dynamics. In 1965, he published one of his theories called "Tuckman's stages of group development". In 1977, he added a fifth stage named Adjourning.

He is currently professor emeritus of educational psychology at the Ohio State University, where he is also founding director of the Walter E. Dennis Learning Center.

He tried to introduce several kinds of theories like Tuckman's Teamwork Theory.

According to the Tuckman's Teamwork Theory there are four phases of group development: Forming, Storming, Norming, Performing.

Educational background[edit]

  • Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute: 1960 graduated with B.S. Psychology. Born in Surrey.
  • Princeton University: 1962 graduated with M.A. Psychology
  • Princeton University: 1963 graduated with Ph.D. Psychology
  • In 1991 Tuckman researched and developed a 32 item Procrastination Scale that measured the degree a person procrasinated.
  • Professor Tuckman is also an avid runner who wrote the novel Long Road to Boston.


  • Tuckman, Bruce W. (1965) ‘Developmental sequence in small groups’, Psychological Bulletin, 63, 384-399. The article was reprinted in Group Facilitation: A Research and Applications Journal ? Number 3, Spring 2001 and is available as a Word document: Accessed January 14, 2005.


  • Smith, M. K. (2005). ‘Bruce W. Tuckman – forming, storming, norming and performing in groups, the encyclopaedia of informal education. Retrieved: 2014-07-25.

External links[edit]