Bruce Tunnel

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Bruce Tunnel
Red brick tunnel entrance to a tunnel through which light can just be seen at the far end. On either side are grassy banks down to the water.
Bruce Tunnel - Eastern Portal (as seen in 1992)
Location Wiltshire, England
Coordinates 51°22′04″N 1°39′46″W / 51.3677°N 1.6627°W / 51.3677; -1.6627Coordinates: 51°22′04″N 1°39′46″W / 51.3677°N 1.6627°W / 51.3677; -1.6627
OS grid reference
Status Open
Waterway Kennet and Avon Canal
Constructed 1806-1809
Owner Canal & River Trust
Length 502 yards (459 m)
Towpath No

The Bruce Tunnel is on the summit pound of the Kennet and Avon Canal between Wootton Top Lock and Crofton Locks in Wiltshire, England.

This is the only tunnel on the canal and it is 502 yards (459 m) long.[1] It is named after Thomas Brudenell-Bruce, 1st Earl of Ailesbury (1729–1814), the local landowner, who, when the canal was being built, would not allow a deep cutting through his land, and insisted on a tunnel instead.[2]

At the eastern end of the tunnel is a plaque commemorating its construction:

The Kennet and Avon Canal Company
Inscribe this TUNNEL with the Name of
In Testimony of the Gratitude
for the uniform and effectual Support of
through the whole Progress of this great National Work
by which a direct communication by Water was opened
between the Cities of LONDON and BRISTOL

The tunnel has red brick portals, capped with Bath stone, each with a decorative plaque of Pennant stone. Construction was begun in 1806 and finished in 1809. It is lined with English bond brickwork and has a wide bore to cope with the 'Newbury Barges' used on this canal.[3]

There is no towpath through the tunnel, so walkers and cyclists must walk across the top of the hill. When canal boats were still pulled by horses, the boatmen had to haul boats through the tunnel by hand, pulling on chains that ran along the inside walls.

The tunnel is about 0.6 miles (1 km) northeast of Burbage village. To the north lies the Savernake Forest which is open to the public with footpaths, drives and picnic sites, hence the tunnel is also sometimes known as the Savernake Tunnel.

The main Paddington to Penzance 'Berks and Hants' railway line crosses the tunnel diagonally; both portals can be seen from the windows of passing trains with the canal running close to the railway at each end.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Allsop, Niall (1987). The Kennet & Avon Canal. Bath: Millstream Book. ISBN 0-948975-15-6. 
  2. ^ "History & Museum". Kennet and Avon Canal Trust. Retrieved 2010-11-21. 
  3. ^ "Bruce Tunnel". Kennet and Avon Canal. Archived from the original on 25 May 2011. Retrieved 22 September 2006.