Bruguiera gymnorhiza

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Bruguiera gymnorhiza
Bruguiera gymnorrhiza.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Rhizophoraceae
Genus: Bruguiera
Species: B. gymnorhiza
Binomial name
Bruguiera gymnorhiza
(L.) Savigny
Bruguiera gymnorrhiza00.jpg

Bruguiera gymnorhiza (black mangrove, Afrikaans: Swart-wortelboom, Xhosa: Isikhangati, Zulu: Isihlobane)[1] is a small tree up to 10 m high that belongs to the family Rhizophoraceae. It is found on the seaward side of mangrove swamps, often in the company of Rhizophora. Its bark is rough and reddish brown. The tree develops short prop-roots rather than long stilt-roots. Flowers are creamy white soon turning brown. The sepals are persistent, narrow and slightly tapered. When mature, the spindle-shaped fruits drop and become embedded in the mud in an upright position, where they rapidly develop roots.

Bruguiera gymnorhiza

The black mangrove is a protected tree in South Africa.[1]

Uses[edit]

In the Maldives this mangrove is known as kaṇḍū. The propagules or green pods are eaten as a cooked vegetable. They are peeled first and then boiled, the water being discarded and renewed at least four times. The propagules of this species are more appreciated than those of Bruguiera cylindrica.[2]

Flower of Bruguiera gymnorrhiza

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Protected Trees" (PDF). Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, Republic of South Africa. 3 May 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-07-05.
  2. ^ Xavier Romero-Frias, The Maldive Islanders, A Study of the Popular Culture of an Ancient Ocean Kingdom, Barcelona 1999, ISBN 84-7254-801-5

References[edit]