Bruguiera gymnorhiza

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Bruguiera gymnorhiza
Bruguiera gymnorrhiza.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Rhizophoraceae
Genus: Bruguiera
B. gymnorhiza
Binomial name
Bruguiera gymnorhiza
(L.) Savigny
Bruguiera gymnorrhiza00.jpg

Bruguiera gymnorhiza (black mangrove, Afrikaans: Swart-wortelboom, Xhosa: Isikhangati, Zulu: Isihlobane[1] is a small tree up to 10 metres (33 ft) high that belongs to the family Rhizophoraceae. It is found on the seaward side of mangrove swamps, often in the company of Rhizophora. Its bark is rough and reddish brown. The tree develops short prop-roots rather than long stilt-roots. Flowers are creamy white soon turning brown. The sepals are persistent, narrow and slightly tapered. When mature, the spindle-shaped fruits drop and become embedded in the mud in an upright position, where they rapidly develop roots.

Bruguiera gymnorhiza

The black mangrove is a protected tree in South Africa.[1]


In the Maldives this mangrove is known as Bodu kaṇḍū or Boda Vaki . The propagules or green pods are eaten as a cooked vegetable. They are peeled first and then boiled, the water being discarded and renewed at least four times. The propagules of this species are more appreciated than those of Bruguiera cylindrica.[2]

The green propagules are also eaten by many Indigenous groups in northern Australia. For example, on Cape York Peninsula Thaynakwithi people call the species nhomb and explain that the propagules could be baked, then mashed or pounded and the flesh placed into a sieve-like woven bag before being soaked in water[3]

Flower of Bruguiera gymnorrhiza


  1. ^ a b "Protected Trees" (PDF). Department of Water Affairs and Forestry, Republic of South Africa. 3 May 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-07-05.
  2. ^ Xavier Romero-Frias, The Maldive Islanders, A Study of the Popular Culture of an Ancient Ocean Kingdom, Barcelona 1999, ISBN 84-7254-801-5.
  3. ^ Fletcher, Thancoupie (2007). Thanakupi's Guide to Language and Culture. Sydney: Jennifer Isaacs Arts and Publishing. p. 99. ISBN 9780980331202.