Bruin's Slave Jail

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Bruin's Slave Jail
Bruin's Slave Jail in 2009
Bruin's Slave Jail is located in Alexandria Historical District
Bruin's Slave Jail
Bruin's Slave Jail is located in Virginia
Bruin's Slave Jail
Bruin's Slave Jail is located in the US
Bruin's Slave Jail
Location 1707 Duke St., Alexandria, Virginia
Coordinates 38°48′15″N 77°3′32″W / 38.80417°N 77.05889°W / 38.80417; -77.05889Coordinates: 38°48′15″N 77°3′32″W / 38.80417°N 77.05889°W / 38.80417; -77.05889
Area less than one acre
Built 1819
Architectural style Federal
NRHP Reference # 00000890[1]
VLR # 100-0047
Significant dates
Added to NRHP August 14, 2000
Designated VLR December 1, 1999[2]

Bruin's Slave Jail is a two-story brick building in Alexandria, Virginia, United States from which slave trader Joseph Bruin imprisoned slaves. Bruin's company, called Bruin and Hill, transported captured Africans to slave markets in the Southern United States.

At the start of the American Civil War, Joseph Bruin was captured himself and imprisoned in Washington, D.C. His property, including the slave jail, was confiscated by the U.S. Marshal and used as the Fairfax County Courthouse until 1865.

All that remains today of the entire compound is a brick, two-story structure that housed the slaves. Bruin’s home, kitchen, and wash-house no longer remain. The jail can be found at 1707 Duke Street in Alexandria.


  1. ^ National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 2013-05-12. 

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