Brujería is the Spanish-language word for "witchcraft". Brujería also refers to witch-healers in the Americas (especially Latin America and the United States). Both men and women can be witches; brujo(s) and bruja(s), respectively.
There is no sound etymology for this word, which appears only in Portuguese, Spanish, Catalan, and Galician (other romance languages use words derived from Latin strix, -igis, originally an owl). The word may be inherited from a Celtiberian substrate or it may derive from the Latin plusscius, -a, um (> plus + scius), a hapax attested in the Cena Trimalchionis, a central part in Petronius' Satyricon. Pluscia could have arisen from rhotacization of the /l/ and voicing of the /p/, pluscia> pruscia> bruscia> bruxa (Portuguese)> bruja (Spanish).
In popular culture
- In the television series True Blood, Jesus Velasquez (played by Kevin Alejandro) is a Mexican brujo.
- In the television series Constantine, the Brujería are revealed to be the series antagonists. They are depicted as ancient magical creatures cursed by God and rejected by Hell who were thought to have been destroyed by the Great Flood but have survived in hiding.
- In the movie Paranormal Activity: The Marked Ones, actress Gloria Sandoval plays a bruja who is a part of a worldwide coven of witches.
- In the television series Power, drug dealer Nomar Arcielo (played by Vinicius Machado) refers to FBI agent Angela Valdez (played by Lela Loren) as "bruja" due to his distrust of her.
- In the new tv series (2015) for Ash Vs. Evil Dead the character Pablo has an uncle who's noted to be a "brujo" (pablo explains that this is known to be a position akin to that of a shaman/medicine man and that he had wanted pablo to become a brujo as well at one time and still likely did but the two parted a few years before due to him not wanting to follow the same path thinking he would go nowhere doing so but currently regretted not doing so) before we get to see the character, in the following episode once the characters (and viewers watching) meet pablo's uncle he shows some of the abilities he's capable of as a "brujo" when trying to help Ash search inside of himself for answers that he's seeking.
- Oxford Latin Dictionary, Oxford. Clarendon Press: 1968
- "sunt mulieres plusciae, sunt nocturnae",63.9
- Ali, Said, Investigações Filológicas, 1975, pag. 275
- Ankarloo, B. & Clark, S, (2002) Witchcraft and Magic in Europe: the period of the witch trials
- Guiley, Rosemary Ellen (1989) The Encyclopedia of Witches and Witchcraft, New York: Facts-on-File.
- Spence, L. (1994) The Magic and Mysteries of Mexico
- Christian, W.A., Jr. (1989) Local Religion in Sixteenth-Century Spain
- Henningsen, G. (1980) The Witches' Advocate: Basque Witchcraft and the Spanish Inquisition (1609-1614)
- Castaneda, C. (1968) The Teachings of Don Juan
- Romberg, Raquel (2002) "Witchcraft and Welfare: Spiritual Capital and the Business of Magic in Modern Puerto Rico"
- Chatwin, Bruce In Patagonia
- Kinnie, Ernest The Brujo....2-Act Play