Bruker

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Bruker
Public
Traded as NASDAQBRKR
Founded 1960 in Germany
Founder Professor Günther Laukien
Headquarters Billerica, Massachusetts[1], USA
Key people
Dr. Frank Laukien, President & CEO; William Knight, COO
Revenue Increase US$ 1.62 billion (2015)[1]
Number of employees
6000[2]
Website www.bruker.com

Bruker Corporation is a manufacturer of scientific instruments for molecular and materials research, as well as for industrial and applied analysis. It is headquartered in Billerica, Massachusetts and is the publicly traded parent company of Bruker Scientific Instruments (Bruker AXS, Bruker BioSpin, Bruker Daltonics and Bruker Optics) and Bruker Energy & Supercon Technologies (BEST) divisions.

In April 2010, Bruker created a Chemical Analysis Division (headquartered in Fremont, CA) under the Bruker Daltonics subsidiary. This division contains three former Varian product lines: ICPMS systems, laboratory gas chromatography (GC), and GC-triple quadrupole mass spectrometer (originally designed by Bear Instruments and acquired by Varian in 2001).

In 2012 it sponsored the Fritz Feigl Prize,[3] and since 1999 the company has also sponsored the Günther Laukien Prize.[4]

History[edit]

The company was founded on September 7, 1960, in Karlsruhe, Germany[5] as Bruker-Physik AG[4] by five people, one of them being Günther Laukien, who was a professor at the University of Karlsruhe at the time. The name Bruker originates from co-founder Emil Bruker, as Günther Laukien himself was formally not allowed to commercialize his research whilst being a professor.[5] Bruker produced Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy (NMR) and EMR spectroscopy equipment then. In the early 1960s, the company had around 60 employees and was growing rapidly.[6] One of the early success products was the HFX 90 NMR spectroscopy system, with three independent channels and which was also the first NRM system using only semiconductor transistors.[7] In 1969, Bruker launched the first commercial Fourier transform NMR spectroscopy system (FT-NMR) and in the 1970s the company was the first to commercialize a superconducting FT-NMR. Later, the company would expand their product range with MRI, FTIR and FT-Raman spectrometers and with mass spectrometers.[8]

In 1968, Bruker shipped NMR systems to Yale University in Connecticut. After that, demand from the United States grew, so Bruker opened an office in Elmsford, New York which marked the start of their US activities.[5] In 2008 after a corporate reorganization lasting 8 years, all divisions were merged in a unified Bruker Corporation.[5]

Günther Laukien died in 1997, his son Frank D. Laukien, is currently the CEO of Bruker.[8] His son Jörg C. Laukien, also works for the company.[9] His son Dirk D. Laukien is a former company executive.[10]

Acquisitions[edit]

  • Siemens AXS (1997)[11]
  • Nonius (2001)[12]
  • MacScience (2002)[13]
  • Vacuumschmelze Hanau (2003)[14]
  • Röntec (2005)[15]
  • SOCABIM (2005)[16]
  • PGT (2005)[17]
  • Keymaster (2006)[18]
  • Quantron (2006)[19]
  • JuWe (2008)[20]
  • SIS (2008)[21]
  • ACCEL (2009)[22]
  • Michrom Bioresources (2011)[23]
  • Skyscan (2012)[24]
  • Prairie Technologies (2013)[25]

Other[edit]

In 1964, the company bought the NMR division of the Swiss Trüb-Täuber.[4]

Bruker made several offers to take over its supplier Oxford Instruments during the 1970s, but after almost a decade of negotiations, an acquisition was eventually rejected by Oxford Instruments.[26]

In 1997, the analytical X-ray division of Siemens was acquired by Bruker.[27]

In 2010 Bruker bought 3 product lines from Agilent, which Agilent had acquired from Varian.[28] These included mass spectrometry and gas chromatography instruments. They have since divested these products to Scion Instruments with the exception of the triple quadrupole[citation needed]

In 2012 Bruker bought parts of Carestream Health, including their in-vivo imaging portfolio and related aspects.[29]

Notable product use[edit]

Bruker products are used globally in a variety of situations. The National High Magnetic Field Laboratory at Florida State University selected Bruker to build the world's first 21.0 tesla FT-ICR MS.[30]

The Total Carbon Column Observing Network uses high resolution FT spectrometers made by Bruker to measure various greenhouse gases across the globe.[31]

Awards[edit]

In May, 2004, Frost & Sullivan selected the Company's Bruker Daltonics subsidiary for their 2004 Product Line Innovation Award for the Life Sciences. Bruker Daltonics received this award for its innovative development of sophisticated mass spectrometers.[32]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Directions to North American Headquarters". 
  2. ^ "bruker corp (BRKR:NASDAQ GS) last update February 29, 2012". Bloomsberg Businessweek. Archived from the original on November 4, 2012. Retrieved July 29, 2012. 
  3. ^ Fritz-Feigl-Preis
  4. ^ a b c Ernst, Richard R. (2005). "The Günther Laukien Prize". Journal of Magnetic Resonance 173 (2): 188–191. doi:10.1016/j.jmr.2005.02.006. ISSN 1090-7807. 
  5. ^ a b c d Burgäzy, Frank (21 September 2010). "17th Bruker Users' Group Meeting 2010 Single Crystal X-ray Diffraction". Bruker AXS. Archived from the original (PDF) on 9 March 2016. 
  6. ^ Gareth R Eaton; Sandra S Eaton; Kev M Salikhov (8 May 1998). Foundations of Modern EPR. World Scientific. p. 718. ISBN 978-981-4496-81-0. 
  7. ^ Longo, Michelle. "The 1960s". Laboratory Equipment. Bruker ultimately introduced the first fully transistorized NMR instrument, the HFX 90, the first of which was delivered to the Technical Univ. of Berlin. 
  8. ^ a b "Bruker's Founder, Günther Laukien, Honored at Pittcon 2013". 22 May 2013. 
  9. ^ "Corporate Governance". Bruker. 
  10. ^ "Joerg C. Laukien". Bruker. 
  11. ^ "History of Bruker". Bruker. Archived from the original on 7 March 2016. Retrieved 7 March 2016. 
  12. ^ "Bruker AXS and Nonius unite". International Union of Crystallography. 
  13. ^ Bruker AXS Acquires MAC Science to Further Penetrate Japanese Life Science and Materials Research Markets.. (n.d.) >The Free Library. (2014). Retrieved Mar 08 2016 from http://www.thefreelibrary.com/Bruker+AXS+Acquires+MAC+Science+to+Further+Penetrate+Japanese+Life...-a084889567
  14. ^ "Bruker BioSpin Announces Agreement To Acquire Superconductor Business". BusinessWire. 21 May 2003. 
  15. ^ "Bruker AXS enters x-ray microanalysis market." Instrument Business Outlook. Strategic Directions International Inc. (SDI). 2005. Retrieved March 08, 2016 from HighBeam Research: https://www.highbeam.com/doc/1G1-138313230.html
  16. ^ "Bruker AXS to Acquire X-Ray Analysis Software Company SOCABIM". BusinessWire. 16 August 2005. 
  17. ^ "Bruker AXS Announces Agreement to Acquire the Princeton Gamma-Tech (PGT) X-Ray Microanalysis Business". BusinessWire. 26 October 2005. 
  18. ^ "Bruker AXS Announces Acquisition of Hand-held XRF Company". BusinessWire. 20 June 2006. 
  19. ^ "Bruker AXS Acquires Metals Analysis Company". Photonics.com. 8 September 2006. 
  20. ^ "Bruker AXS Announces Agreement to Acquire Elemental Analysis Company JUWE Laborgeraete GmbH". BusinessWire. 3 January 2008. 
  21. ^ Wilkinson, Matt (22 August 2008). "Bruker AXS Announces Acquisition of Hand-held XRF Company". 
  22. ^ "Bruker Advanced Supercon, Inc. Acquires ACCEL Research Instruments Business from Varian Medical Systems". 3 April 2009. 
  23. ^ Dunlap, Lloyd (April 2011). "Bruker acquires Michrom Bioresources". DDN-News. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  24. ^ "Bruker Acquires Skyscan MicroCT". 
  25. ^ "Bruker Announces Acquisition of Prairie Technologies". September 12, 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  26. ^ Audrey Wood (25 January 2001). Magnetic Venture: The Story of Oxford Instruments. OUP Oxford. pp. 94–95. ISBN 978-0-19-924108-8. 
  27. ^ "Business: Bruker acquires Siemens". Analytical Chemistry 69 (23): 715A–715A. 1997. doi:10.1021/ac9718612. ISSN 0003-2700. 
  28. ^ "Bruker and Agilent Technologies Announce Agreement for Bruker to Acquire Certain Varian Inc. Product Lines". March 9, 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  29. ^ "Bruker to Acquire Carestream’s Preclinical In-vivo Imaging Business". September 21, 2012. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  30. ^ "Bruker Daltonics Chosen to Build World’s First 21.0 Tesla FT-ICR Magnet". Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology News. October 29, 2010. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  31. ^ Toon, Geoffrey; Blavier, Jean-Francois; Washenfelder, Rebecca; Wunch, Debra; Keppel-Aleks, Gretchen; Wennberg, Paul; Connor, Brian; Sherlock, Vanessa; Griffith, David; Deutscher, Nick; Nothold, Justus (March 23, 2009). "Total Column Carbon Observing Network (TCCON)" (PDF). Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  32. ^ "Frost & Sullivan Presents 2004 Product Line Innovation Award to Bruker". 

External links[edit]