The Brumer–Stark conjecture is a conjecture in algebraic number theory giving a rough generalization of both the analytic class number formula for Dedekind zeta functions, and also of Stickelberger's theorem about the factorization of Gauss sums. It is named after Armand Brumer and Harold Stark.
It arises as a special case (abelian and first-order) of Stark's conjecture, when the place that splits completely in the extension is finite. There are very few cases where the conjecture is known to be valid. Its importance arises, for instance, from its connection with Hilbert's twelfth problem.
Statement of the conjecture
Let K/k be an abelian extension of global fields, and let S be a set of places of k containing the Archimedean places and the prime ideals that ramify in K/k. The S-imprimitive equivariant Artin L-function θ(s) is obtained from the usual equivariant Artin L-function by removing the Euler factors corresponding to the primes in S from the Artin L-functions from which the equivariant function is built. It is a function on the complex numbers taking values in the complex group ring C[G] where G is the Galois group of K/k. It is analytic on the entire plane, excepting a lone simple pole at s = 1.
Let μK be the group of roots of unity in K. The group G acts on μK; let A be the annihilator of μK as a Z[G]-module. An important theorem, first proved by C. L. Siegel and later independently by Takuro Shintani, states that θ(0) is actually in Q[G]. A deeper theorem, proved independently by Pierre Deligne and Ken Ribet, Daniel Barsky, and Pierrette Cassou-Noguès, states that Aθ(0) is in Z[G]. In particular, Wθ(0) is in Z[G], where W is the cardinality of μK.
Brumer–Stark Conjecture. For each nonzero fractional ideal of K, there is an "anti-unit" ε such that
- The extension is abelian.
The first part of this conjecture is due to Armand Brumer, and Harold Stark originally suggested that the second condition might hold. The conjecture was first stated in published form by John Tate.
The term "anti-unit" refers to the condition that |ε|ν is required to be 1 for each Archimedean place ν.
The Brumer Stark conjecture is known to be true for extensions K/k where
- K/Q is cyclotomic: this follows from Stickelberger's theorem
- k is abelian over Q
- K/k is a quadratic extension
- K/k is a biquadratic extension
Function field analogue
- Lemmermeyer, Franz (2000). Reciprocity laws. From Euler to Eisenstein. Springer Monographs in Mathematics. Berlin: Springer-Verlag. p. 384. ISBN 3-540-66957-4. MR 1761696. Zbl 0949.11002.
- Tate, John, Brumer–Stark–Stickelberger, Séminaire de Théorie des Nombres, Univ. Bordeaux I Talence, (1980-81), exposé no. 24.
- Tate, John, "Les Conjectures de Stark sur les Fonctions L d'Artin en s=0", Progress in Mathematics, Birkhauser, 47, MR 86e:11112
- Sands, J. W. (1984), "Galois groups of exponent 2 and the Brumer–Stark conjecture", J. Reine Angew. Math, 349 (1): 129–135, doi:10.1515/crll.1984.349.129
- Rosen, Michael (2002), "15. The Brumer-Stark conjecture", Number theory in function fields, Graduate Texts in Mathematics, 210, New York, NY: Springer-Verlag, ISBN 0-387-95335-3, Zbl 1043.11079