Brunfelsia pauciflora

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Brunfelsia pauciflora
Plants Chicago 002.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Solanales
Family: Solanaceae
Genus: Brunfelsia
B. pauciflora
Binomial name
Brunfelsia pauciflora

Brunfelsia calycina Benth. (basionym)
Brunfelsia pauciflora var. calycina (Benth.) J. A. Schmidt
Franciscea pauciflora Cham. & Schltdl. (basionym)

Brunfelsia pauciflora is a species of flowering plant in the family Solanaceae, the nightshades. It is endemic to Brazil, and it is grown in cultivation.[1] Its common names include yesterday-today-and-tomorrow, morning-noon-and-night, Kiss Me Quick, and Brazil raintree.[2]

The genus name 'Brunfelsia' commemorates sixteenth century German monk, Otto Brunfels.[3] The specific epithet pauciflora, refers to the Latin term for 'few flowered'.[4]

This species is a shrub up to 2.4 meters tall by 1.5 wide. The leathery leaves are up to 16 centimeters long, dark green on top and paler on the undersides. Flowers are borne in cymes of up to 10. The flower is about 5 centimeters long. It blooms purple with a white throat, then turns lavender and then white. The shrub has all three flower colors at once as more bloom. This plant is toxic, especially the fruit.[2]

Cultivars bred for ornamental use include the common 'Eximia', the smaller, more floriferous 'Floribunda', and 'Macrantha', which has larger flowers without white throats.[2] This plant has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.[5]


  1. ^ "Brunfelsia pauciflora". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 21 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b c Brunfelsia pauciflora. Floridata.
  3. ^ D. Gledhill The Names of Plants, p. 86, at Google Books
  4. ^ Allen J. Coombes The A to Z of Plant Names: A Quick Reference Guide to 4000 Garden Plants, p. 106, at Google Books
  5. ^ Brunfelsia pauciflora. Royal Horticultural Society.