Bruniales

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Bruniales
Desfontainia spinosa.jpg
Desfontainia spinosa
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Clade: Campanulids
Order: Bruniales
Dumort.[1]
Families

Bruniaceae
Columelliaceae

Bruniales is a valid botanic name at the rank of order. Until recently it was not in use, but a 2008 study suggested that Bruniaceae and Columelliaceae are sister clades.[2] The latest revision of the APG system, APG III, places both families as the only members of the order Bruniales, which is sister to the Apiales, and one of the asterid taxa.[1]

The APG III phylogenetic tree for the asterids is:

asterids

Cornales

Ericales

euasterids 
lamiids 

Garryales

Boraginaceae

Gentianales

Solanales

Lamiales

campanulids 

Aquifoliales

Asterales

Escalloniales

Bruniales

Apiales

Paracryphiales

Dipsacales

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (2009). "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III". Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society. 161 (2): 105–121. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8339.2009.00996.x. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2017-05-25. Retrieved 2013-07-06.
  2. ^ Winkworth, Richard C.; Lundberg, Johannes; Donoghue, Michael J. (2008). "Toward a resolution of Campanulid phylogeny, with special reference to the placement of Dipsacales". Taxon. 57 (1): 53–65.