Bruno Bjelinski

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Bruno Bjelinski
Bruno Bjelinski.jpg
Born Bruno Weiss
(1909-11-01)1 November 1909
Died 3 September 1992(1992-09-03) (aged 82)
Era 20th century
Notable work http://quercus.mic.hr/quercus/person/205

Bruno Bjelinski (born Bruno Weiss; 1 November 1909 – 3 September 1992) was one of a most influential Croatian composers in the 20th century. He was extremely prolific as a composer. His unique musical style was built upon the music of Poulenc, Hindemith, Ravel and Milhaud. He developed his own and recognizable musical language with the elements of neoclassicism.[1] Bjelinski composed six operas, three ballets, 15 symphonies, 2 cello concertos, a cantata, piano music, songs, chamber music, and concertos for piano, violin, viola, bassoon, flute, and piano duo. He also composed music for the Croatian football movie Plavi 9.[2]

Biography[edit]

Bjelinski was born in Trieste into a Jewish family. His mother died verly early in his life so his father brought him to Zagreb where he was nurtured by his grandmother.[3] In his youth he played violin and piano. Later he changed his surname from Weiss to Bjelinski (derivation of the word bijeli, meaning white in Croatian language).[4][5][6][7][8] He doctored in law at the University of Zagreb and later studied music at the Zagreb Academy of Music under Blagoje Bersa and Franjo Dugan. Bjelinski started composing in the 1930s. By the beginning of World War II hehad finished his 2 sonatas for violin and piano, 3 piano suites and a toccata.[2] During World War II he was sent to a concentration camp, but in 1943, with the help of a friend, he escaped and joined the Partisans on the island of Korčula. At the end of the war he lived alternately on island Vis and in the Italian city of Bari.[9][10][11] He taught at the Academy from 1945 to 1977. In the late 1950s he married young and perspective pianist Ljerka Pleslić with whom he had two sons, Dean and Alan Bjelinski. The younger son Alan later became composer and conductor. Bjelinski died on 3 September 1992 on the island Silba where he was buried.[11]

Bjelinski's music is described as being direct and optimistic, his fresh style lending itself to both serious music and music for children. Bjelinski composed six operas, three ballets, 15 symphonies, 2 cello concertos, a cantata, piano music, songs, chamber music, and concertos for piano, violin, viola, bassoon, flute, and piano duo. He also composed music for the Croatian football movie Plavi 9.

Legacy[edit]

He is the author of a very copious oeuvre and of a characteristic melodic, harmonic and rhythmic invention. Bjelinski never belonged expressly to the “national course” but he was far from indifferent to folk music (the influence of idiosyncratic Balkan rhythms and even of exotic South American dances mirroring the impressions of the composer’s repeated stays in Brazil, with occasional inspirations by the particular features of jazz). The fundamental features of this sensitive and easily recognisable musical speech are a light Mediterranean lyricism, a general facility of expression and a message that is always optimistic, all interwoven with occasional dramatically accumulated sounds. Visible in his work are traces of Baroque music with its incessant kinetic motion and well-thought-out structures. But neo-Classical impulses are always at the roots of his creative work; rejecting all that is outside the tried and tested laws of classical order, the composer, respecting these same laws, also played with them a little. The unpretentious poeticism of his works is often suffused with a gentle humour that occasionally borders on irony. Bjelinski successfully tried his hand at almost all the areas of serious music.[12]

Awards[edit]

For his music he received several awards: Mlado pokoljenje award (1965), Vladimir Nazor Award (1976) for life achievement and Josip Slavenski award (1986). In the year of 1988 he became a member of Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts.[2]

Works (selection)[edit]

  • Concerto for flute and strings, 1955
  • Ljetna simfonija (Summer Symphony), Symphony No. 1, 1955
  • Serenade for trumpet, piano, strings and percussion, 1957
  • Pčelica Maja (Maya the Bee), fairy tale opera after Waldemar Bonsels, 1963
  • Sinfonia jubilans, Symphony No. 4, 1965
  • Peter Pan, ballet for children, 1966
  • Sinfonietta concertante, for piano and orchestra, 1967
  • Musica Tonalis for oboe, bassoon and strings, 1968
  • Heraklo (Herkules) comic opera, 1971
  • Močvara (The Marsh), opera, 1972
  • Zvona (The Bells), opera, 1975
  • Orfej XX. stoljeca (Orpheus in the Twentieth Century), opera, 1981
  • Slavuj (The Nightingale), opera after Hans Christian Andersen, 1984
  • Concertino for Horn and Strings

References[edit]

  1. ^ "'Bjelinski, Bruno'". www.enciklopedija.hr (in Croatian). Hrvatska enciklopedija. 
  2. ^ a b c "'BJELINSKI, Bruno'". hbl.lzmk.hr (in Croatian). Hrvatski biografski leksikon. 
  3. ^ "'50 godina umjetničkog rada Ljerke Pleslić-Bjelinski: I dalje kroz život, zajedno s Brunom...'". www.novilist.hr (in Croatian). Novi list. 
  4. ^ Snješka Knežević (2011, p. 107)
  5. ^ Ivo Goldstein (2005, p. 288)
  6. ^ Ognjen Kraus (1998, p. 242)
  7. ^ (Croatian) Ha-Kol (Glasilo Židovske zajednice u Hrvatskoj); Djela hrvatskih skladatelja Židovskog podrijetla u Beču; stranica 38; broj 107, studeni / prosinac 2008.
  8. ^ "'Židovska zajednica u Hrvatskoj'". www.croatian-jewish-network.com (in Croatian). Croatian Jewish network. Archived from the original on 2011-10-04. 
  9. ^ Jaša Romano (1980, p. 337)
  10. ^ "'Bruno Bjelinski, hrvatski skladatelj europskih obzora'". Kolo (in Croatian). Matica hrvatska. 
  11. ^ a b "Na današnji dan: Bruno Bjelinski". www.hrt.hr (in Croatian). Croatian Radiotelevision. 
  12. ^ "'Bruno Bjelinski: Selected Works for Piano'". www.mic.hr. MIC. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Snješka Knežević, Aleksander Laslo (2011). Židovski Zagreb. Zagreb: AGM, Židovska općina Zagreb. ISBN 978-953-174-393-8. 
  • Goldstein, Ivo (2005). Židovi u Zagrebu 1918 - 1941. Zagreb: Novi Liber. ISBN 953-6045-23-0. 
  • Kraus, Ognjen (1998). Dva stoljeća povijesti i kulture Židova u Zagrebu i Hrvatskoj. Zagreb: Židovska općina Zagreb. ISBN 953-96836-2-9. 
  • Romano, Jaša (1980). Jevreji Jugoslavije 1941-1945: žrtve genocida i učesnici narodnooslobodilačkog rata. Beograd: Jevrejski Istorijski Muzej, Saveza jevrejskih opština Jugoslavije.