Bruno Hildebrand

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Bruno Hildebrand
Jena Johannisfriedhof Bruno Hildebrand.jpg
Born (1812-03-06)6 March 1812
Naumburg an der Saale, Kingdom of Saxony
Died 29 January 1878(1878-01-29) (aged 65)
Jena
Nationality German
Fields Economics
Alma mater University of Leipzig
University of Breslau
Doctoral advisor Maximilian Wolfgang Duncker
Doctoral students Johannes Conrad
Karl Knies
Eugen Böhm von Bawerk

Bruno Hildebrand (6 March 1812 – 29 January 1878) was a German economist representing the "older" historical school of economics. His economic thinking was highly critical of classical economists, especially of David Ricardo. His magnum opus was Economics of the Present and the Future (1848). The basic aim of this work was to establish laws of economic development. Hildebrand also stated that economic development was linear not cyclical. He supported socialist theory on the basis of religion, basic morals, and his beliefs of the negative effect of property on economic behavior.

An economics professor in Marburg, he was accused of high treason with respect to the turmoil of 1848 and condemned to death. He avoided the execution of this sentence by escaping to Switzerland, where he served as an associate professor at the University of Zurich. Together with Alfred Escher he was a co-founder and CEO of the Swiss Northeastern Railway and also was the founder of the Swiss National Bureau/ Federal Statistical Office. Hildebrand also created and directed the publication 'Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik'; for his contributions he was granted honorary Swiss citizenship. He became a professor at the University of Bern. Hildebrand returned then to Germany, where he was a professor at the University of Jena.

His son was the artist and sculptor Adolf von Hildebrand. His grandson was the Catholic philosopher Dietrich von Hildebrand. His great-great-grandson is environmental leader Martin von Hildebrand.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Dictionnaire historique de la Suisse: sciences écconomiques http://www.hls-dhs-dss.ch/textes/f/F8263.php

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