|Born||2 June 1932|
|Died||11 August 2010(aged 78)|
|Other names||Bruno S.|
|Occupation||Actor, artist, musician|
Bruno Schleinstein (2 June 1932 – 11 August 2010), often credited as Bruno S., was a German film actor, artist, and musician. He is known internationally for his roles in two films directed by Werner Herzog, The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser (1974) and Stroszek (1976).
Schleinstein was often beaten as a child, and spent much of his youth in mental institutions. He was a largely self-taught musician, who over the years developed considerable skill on the piano, accordion, glockenspiel and handbells. He would play in back gardens performing 18th- and 19th-century-style ballads at the weekends, while sustaining himself financially working as a forklift driver at a car plant. Schleinstein said he transmits (German: durchgeben) his songs, rather than singing them.
Schleinstein was featured in a documentary, Bruno der Schwarze – Es blies ein Jäger wohl in sein Horn (1970). When Werner Herzog saw the film, he promptly cast Schleinstein (under the name Bruno S.) as his lead actor in The Enigma of Kaspar Hauser (1974), though he had no acting experience, and the historical figure he portrayed was only in his teens. Richard Eder wrote in his review of the film, "None of it would work without a believable figure in the role. ... It is an extraordinary fit. Bruno, with his strength and vulnerability, with his head tilted back and his eyes opened wide as if to receive every signal coming in, with his gift for the unexpected gesture, not only inhabits the role but seems to have fathered it."
Schleinstein subsequently starred in Stroszek (1977), which Herzog wrote especially for him. Stroszek has a number of biographical details from Schleinstein's life, including the use of his own flat as the home of Bruno Stroszek. He also played his own instruments.
Herzog has claimed that Schleinstein was deeply suspicious of the director, and nervous of performing in front of the cameras — so had to be "listened to" for several hours on set in order to build his self-esteem. Schleinstein enjoyed his brief period of fame in Berlin following the release of these films, but said later that "Everybody threw him away." Instead, he took up painting and music. Schleinstein appeared in Jan Ralske's short documentary film Vergangen, vergessen, vorüber (lit. Long-lost and Lay Me Down, 1993), which is a film about Berlin made a few years after the fall of the Berlin Wall separating the eastern and western parts of the city. Much later, Ralske also made a short documentary about Schleinstein and his art, called Seeing Things (2009). Some of his artwork was shown at the 2004 Outsider Art Fair in New York City.
Schleinstein was referenced in Elliott Smith's album Figure 8 released in 2000. A fan of Herzog and Schleinstein, Smith said in an interview with Revolver "How come we have no Bruno S. [in America]? How come he can be a film star in Europe, but over here everybody has to look like they were computer generated?"
He was the subject of a 2003 documentary, Bruno S. – Estrangement is Death (German title: Bruno S. - Die Fremde ist der Tod), directed by Miron Zownir. A companion book was published in the same year.
Schleinstein died on 11 August 2010 after suffering heart problems. Shortly after his death, Werner Herzog remarked "in all my films, and with all the great actors with whom I have worked, he was the best. There is no one who comes close to him. I mean in his humanity, and the depth of his performance, there is no one like him."
- Martin, Douglas (15 August 2010). "Bruno S., Street Musician Turned Lead Actor in Herzog Classics, Dies at 78". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
- Kimmelman, Michael (24 December 2008). "From Berlin's Hole of Forgottenness, a Spell of Songs". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 January 2016.
- Fountain, Clarke. "Bruno der Schwarze: Es blies ein Jäger wohl in sein Horn (1971)". allmovie.com.
This unusually realistic award-winning German film examines the life of Bruno, an outcast from society.
- Eder, Richard (10 July 1977). "A New Visionary in German Films". The New York Times.
- "Vergangen, vergessen, vorüber". International Film Festival - Rotterdam.
Bruno S., musician and actor in several films by Werner Herzog (Kaspar Hauser, Stroszek), leads us round along the former front lines in Berlin. A film about the division of a city.The film was shown at the 1995 festival in Rotterdam.
- Riley, John (23 August 2010). "Bruno Schleinstein: Actor, musician and outsider artist best known for his film collaborations with Werner Herzog". The Independent.
- Himmelsbach, Erik (Spring 2000). "Interview with Elliott Smith from Revolver issue 1". Revolver.
- Shriver, Ryan. "Bruno S. - Die Fremde ist der Tod". allmovie.com.
- Cockrell, Eddie (4 March 2003). "Review: 'Bruno S. — Estrangement is Death'". Variety.
- Schleinstein, Bruno (26 August 2003). Bruno S. - Die Fremde ist der Tod: Zitate und Zeichnungen von Bruno S. [Bruno S. - Estrangement is Death: Quotations and Drawings by Bruno S.] (in German). Fantôme Verlag. ISBN 978-3981212747. OCLC 722859791.
- "BRUNO S". Parte. Retrieved 6 February 2016.
- "Bruno S. aka Bruno Schleinstein". NO!art. Archived from the original on 6 July 2015.
- Mcgue, Kevin (9 September 2010). "Stroszek Movie Review". A Life At The Movies.
- Bergan, Ronald (22 August 2010). "Bruno Schleinstein obituary". The Guardian.
- Schleinstein, Bruno. Mamatschi. The New York Times. Berlin. Retrieved 26 December 2008.
- Fenner, Ingrid (24 December 2008). "A Translation of 'Mamatschi'". The New York Times. Retrieved 26 December 2008.