Brussels-South railway station

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Brussels-South
SNCB logo.svg Railway Station
20110730 brussels12.jpg
Main entrance
Coordinates 50°50′07″N 4°20′07″E / 50.835161°N 4.335222°E / 50.835161; 4.335222Coordinates: 50°50′07″N 4°20′07″E / 50.835161°N 4.335222°E / 50.835161; 4.335222
Owned by National Railway Company of Belgium
Line(s) 0, 50A, 96, 124
Platforms 22
Other information
Station code FBMZ
History
Opened 1952 (1952)

Brussels-South (Dutch: Brussel-Zuid, French: Bruxelles-Midi, IATA code: ZYR) is the biggest railway station in Brussels, capital of Belgium. As Brussels is a bilingual entity, both the French and Dutch names are official. This often leads to the usage of combined shorthands outside Belgium: for example in the Thomas Cook European Rail Timetable, Brussels-South is designated as "Brussels Midi/Zuid"; Dutch Railways announce the station as "Brussel Zuid/Midi". 1,000 trains pass every day between Brussels-South and Brussels-North railway stations. The station is connected to the Gare du Midi/Zuidstation station of the Brussels Metro system.

The French name "Midi" derives from mi (middle) and di (day) in Old French; compare Mezzogiorno, the south of Italy. The time of midday was synonymous with the direction of south because in France, as the sun is in the south at noon everywhere north of the Tropic of Cancer. The polysemy existed in Middle French as well, where meridien can refer to both midday and south.

History[edit]

TGV and Thalys share a platform

A former station known as Station des Bogards/Bogaardenstation existed since 1840 near the Place Rouppeplein in the southern part of the city. It was demolished 29 years later as it was already too small. The railway station designed by Payen opened in 1869 a short distance south of the original one. Payen's terminal station was itself demolished in 1949 and replaced by a through station on the present site as part of the North-South connection project.

Features[edit]

The station is surrounded by the Avenue Fonsny/Fonsnylaan in the East, the Rue de France/Frankrijkstraat in the West, the Rue Couverte/Bedektestraat in the North and the Rue des Vétérinaires/Veeartsenstraat in the South. In the 1990s, the Eurostar terminal was added on the Rue de France/Frankrijkstraat side. This contains two bay platforms with no onward northbound connection.

Train services[edit]

The station is served by the following services:[1]

  • High speed services (Eurostar) London - Lille - Brussels
  • High speed services (ICE) Brussels - Liège - Cologne - Frankfurt
  • High speed services (Thalys) Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Antwerp - Brussels - Paris
  • High speed services (Thalys) Essen - Düsseldorf - Cologne - Liège - Brussels - Paris
  • High speed services (Thalys) Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Antwerp - Brussels - Lille
  • High speed services (Thalys) Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Antwerp - Brussels - Chambéry - Bourg-Saint-Maurice (in winter)
  • High speed services (Thalys) Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Antwerp - Brussels - Avignon - Marseille (in summer)
  • High speed services (TGV) Brussels - Lille - Aéroport CDG - Lyon - Avignon - Marseille - Nice
  • High speed services (TGV) Brussels - Lille - Aéroport CDG - Lyon - Nîmes - Montpellier
  • EuroCity services (IC-34) Brussels - Namur - Luxembourg - Strasbourg - Mulhouse - Basel
  • Intercity services (IC-35) Amsterdam - The Hague - Rotterdam - Roosendaal - Antwerp - Brussels Airport - Brussels
  • Intercity services (IC-16) Brussels - Namur - Arlon - Luxembourg
  • Intercity services (IC-01) Ostend - Bruges - Ghent - Brussels - Leuven - Liège - Welkenraedt - Eupen
  • Intercity services (IC-03) Knokke/Blankenberge - Bruges - Ghent - Brussels - Leuven - Hasselt - Genk
  • Intercity services (IC-05) Antwerp - Mechelen - Brussels - Nivelles - Charleroi (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-06) Tournai - Ath - Halle - Brussels - Brussels Airport
  • Intercity services (IC-06A) Mons - Braine-le-Comte - Brussels - Brussels Airport
  • Intercity services (IC-11) Binche - Braine-le-Comte - Halle - Brussels - Mechelen - Turnhout (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-12) Kortrijk - Ghent - Brussels - Leuven - Liège - Welkenraedt (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-14) Quiévrain - Mons - Braine-le-Comte - Brussels - Leuven - Liège (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-17) Brussels - Namur - Dinant (weekends)
  • Intercity services (IC-18) Brussels - Namur - Liège (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-20) Ghent - Aalst - Brussels - Hasselt - Tongeren (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-20) Ghent - Aalst - Brussels - Dendermonde - Lokeren (weekends)
  • Intercity services (IC-22) Essen - Antwerp - Mechelen - Brussels (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-22) Antwerp - Mechelen - Brussels - Halle - Braine-le-Comte - Binche (weekends)
  • Intercity services (IC-23) Ostend - Bruges - Kortrijk - Zottegem - Brussels - Brussels Airport
  • Intercity services (IC-23A) Bruges - Ghent - Brussels - Brussels Airport (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-23A) Ghent - Brussels - Brussels Airport (weekends)
  • Intercity services (IC-26) Kortrijk - Tournai - Halle - Brussels - Dendermonde - Lokeren - Sint Niklaas (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-29) De Panne - Gent - Aalst - Brussels - Brussels Airport - Leuven - Landen
  • Intercity services (IC-31) Antwerp - Mechelen - Brussels (weekdays)
  • Intercity services (IC-31) Antwerp - Mechelen - Brussels - Nivelles - Charleroi (weekends)
  • Local services (RER-A) Braine-le-Comte - Halle - Brussels - Zaventem - Leuven
  • Local services (RER-C) Brussels - Etterbeek - Ottignies
  • Local services (RER-D) Aalst - Denderleeuw - Brussels - Dendermonde
  • Local services (RER-E) Antwerp - Mechelen - Brussels - Waterloo - Nivelles (weekdays)
  • Local services (RER-E) Antwerp - Mechelen - Brussels (weekends)
  • Local services (RER-H) Antwerp - Mechelen - Brussels (weekdays)
  • Local services (RER-H) Brussels - Waterloo - Nivelles (weekends)
  • Local services (RER-J) Brussels - Etterbeek - Ottignies - Louvain-le-Neuve (weekdays)
  • Local services (RER-M) Denderleeuw - Geraardsbergen - Halle - Brussels - Schaarbeek
  • Local services (RER-O) Oudenaarde - Zottegem - Denderleeuw - Brussels - Dendermonde (weekdays)
  International connections  
Preceding station   Eurostar   Following station
Eurostar Terminus
Preceding station   Thalys   Following station
Terminus
Thalys
toward Essen Hbf
Terminus
Thalys
Thalys (winter)
Thalys (summer)
Preceding station   DB AG   Following station
Terminus ICE 79
Preceding station   SNCF   Following station
Terminus TGV
toward Nice
Terminus TGV
Preceding station   EuroCity   Following station
Terminus EuroCity
toward Basel SBB
Preceding station   NMBS/SNCB   Following station
Terminus IC J
IC "des Ardennes" & Luxembourg
toward Luxembourg
NS International 9200 Terminus
  National connections  
Preceding station   NMBS/SNCB   Following station
toward Oostende
IC 01
toward Eupen
toward Blankenberge and Knokke
IC 03
toward Genk
IC 05
weekdays
toward Tournai
IC 06
toward Mons
IC 06A
toward Binche
IC 11
weekdays
toward Turnhout
toward Kortrijk
IC 12
weekdays
toward Welkenraedt
toward Quiévrain
IC 14
weekdays
Terminus IC 17
weekends
toward Dinant
Terminus IC 18
weekdays
From Monday to Friday, except holidays
IC 20
From Monday to Friday, except holidays
toward Tongeren
On weekends and holidays
On weekends and holidays
toward Lokeren
From Monday to Friday, except holidays
toward Essen
IC 22 Terminus
On weekends and holidays
On weekends and holidays
toward Binche
toward Oostende
IC 23
toward Brugge
IC 23A
toward Kortrijk
IC 26
weekdays
toward Sint-Niklaas
toward De Panne
IC 29
toward Landen
From Monday to Friday, except holidays
IC 31 Terminus
On weekends and holidays
On weekends and holidays
RER A
toward Leuven
Terminus RER C
toward Ottignies
toward Dendermonde
RER D
toward Aalst
From Monday to Friday, except holidays
RER E
From Monday to Friday, except holidays
toward Nivelles
On weekends and holidays
Terminus
From Monday to Friday, except holidays
RER H Terminus
On weekends and holidays
On weekends and holidays
toward Nivelles
Terminus RER J
weekdays
toward Denderleeuw
RER M
toward Schaarbeek
toward Dendermonde
RER O
weekdays
toward Oudernaarde

Metro and premetro station[edit]

Brussels Metro Logo.svg
Gare du Midi
Zuidstation
Der Brüsseler Untergrund.jpg
Owned by STIB/MIVB
Connections
  Line 3
  Line 4
History
Opened 1988
Services
Preceding station   Brussels Metro   Following station
Line 2
Line 6

The metro station, called Gare du Midi - Zuidstation, opened in 1988 as (at that time) the final stop of metro line 2 from Simonis. Line 2 has since been extended beyond Brussels-South - to Clemenceau in 1993, Delacroix in 2006, and Gare de l'Ouest/Weststation in 2009. Since 1993 the station also accommodates pre-metro (underground tram) services at separate platforms, with cross-platform interchange between metro and pre-metro in both directions.

Following the restructuring of the city's local public transport network in April 2009, the station is now served from two metro lines (2 and 6) as well as two pre-metro lines (3 and 4). It is situated underneath the Rue Couverte/Overdektestraat, in front of the mainline station.[citation needed]

The Belgian Federal State approved a project for the renovation of the station on 12 May 2012 of a total budget of approximately 155 million euro.[citation needed]

iDBus[edit]

Since 23 July 2012, SNCF's international coach network, iDBus, serves Brussels South.

  • Paris - Lille - Brussels
  • Amsterdam - Brussels (from 28 April 2014)
  • Amsterdam - Brussels - London (from 28 April 2014)
  • Paris - Brussels - Aachen - Cologne (from 1 December 2014)

Places of interest[edit]

The tallest building in Belgium stands in front of the main exit from the station (the crossroad of Avenue Fonsnylaan and Rue Couverte/Overdekte straat) and is named the South Tower.

References[edit]

External links[edit]