Bryan Singer

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Bryan Singer
Brian Singer "International Competition Jury" at Opening Ceremony of the 28th Tokyo International Film Festival (22427114066) (cropped).jpg
Singer at the 28th Tokyo International Film Festival in 2015
BornBryan Jay Singer
(1965-09-17) September 17, 1965 (age 53)
New York City, New York, U.S.
OccupationDirector, producer, writer
Years active1988–present
Children1

Bryan Jay Singer (born September 17, 1965)[1] is an American director, producer, and writer of film and television. He is the founder of Bad Hat Harry Productions and has produced or co-produced almost all of the films he has directed.

Singer wrote and directed his first film in 1988 after graduating from university. His next film, Public Access (1993), was a co-winner of the Grand Jury Prize at the 1993 Sundance Film Festival. In the mid-1990s, Singer received critical acclaim for directing the neo-noir crime thriller The Usual Suspects (1995), which starred Gabriel Byrne, Kevin Spacey, Stephen Baldwin, and Benicio del Toro. He followed this with another thriller, Apt Pupil (1998), an adaptation of a Stephen King novella about a boy's fascination with a Nazi war criminal.

In the 2000s, he became known for big budget superhero films such as X-Men (2000), for which Singer won the 2000 Saturn Award for Best Direction, its sequel X2 (2003), and Superman Returns (2006). He then directed the World War II historical thriller Valkyrie (2008), co-wrote/co-produced X-Men: First Class (2011), and directed the fantasy adventure film Jack the Giant Slayer (2013), as well as two more X-Men films, X-Men: Days of Future Past (2014) and X-Men: Apocalypse (2016), and the Queen biopic Bohemian Rhapsody (2018).

Early life[edit]

Singer was born in New York City, and was adopted by Grace Sinden, an environmental activist, and Norbert Dave Singer, a corporate executive.[1] He grew up in a Jewish household in West Windsor Township, New Jersey. In his early teens, he started making 8mm films as well as experimenting with photography.[2] He attended West Windsor-Plainsboro High School, graduating in 1984.[3][4] He studied filmmaking for two years at the School of Visual Arts in New York, and later transferred to the USC School of Cinematic Arts in Los Angeles where he followed the Critical studies program.[5]

Career[edit]

1980s–1990s[edit]

Singer directed a short film in 1988 called Lion's Den involving a number of friends, including actor Ethan Hawke, whom he knew from his childhood in New Jersey, and editor John Ottman, whom he had met while working on a friend's short film.[6][7] After a screening of Lion's Den, Singer was approached by someone from Tokuma Japan Productions, a Japanese company interested in funding a series of low-budget films.[8] Singer pitched a concept that eventually became the film Public Access (1993). Ottman again served as editor but this time also composed the score for the film. At the 1993 Sundance Film Festival, the film was named as co-winner of the Grand Jury Prize with Ruby in Paradise.[9]

In 1994, he founded the production company Bad Hat Harry Production, in homage to Steven Spielberg and the famous line from Jaws. Singer followed this by directing The Usual Suspects, which was screened out of competition at the 1995 Cannes Film Festival.[citation needed] It was a success, winning Christopher McQuarrie an Academy Award for Best Writing (Original Screenplay), and actor Kevin Spacey an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor.[citation needed]

In 1998, Singer obtained the rights to adapt Stephen King's novella Apt Pupil, a thriller about an all-American boy discovering that a Nazi war criminal lives in his neighborhood.[10] Singer's film adaptation starred Ian McKellen, Brad Renfro and David Schwimmer.

2000s[edit]

Singer in Comic Con 2006, promoting X-Men: The Last Stand

In the early 2000s, Singer was hoping to direct Confessions of a Dangerous Mind based on the Chuck Barris book of the same name.[11] The film was later directed by George Clooney for Miramax Films with Sam Rockwell in the lead role. In February 2001, Singer was attempting to produce a new Battlestar Galactica television series for Studios USA (now NBC Universal Television Studio) Speaking to BBC News, Singer said he was "confident that the Galactica brand is a sleeping giant. It was a show I watched during its initial run, from the pilot to the final episode. The essence and the brand name is quite potent in a climate where there's a great deficit of sci-fi programming."[12] Singer eventually left the project, which was produced by another team on the Sci Fi Channel.

In mid-2004, Singer was in negotiations to direct X-Men: The Last Stand for Fox, when Singer agreed to direct Superman Returns for Warner Bros.. In consequence, Fox terminated its production deal with Bad Hat Harry Productions, Singer's production company.[13]

Superman Returns was filmed in Australia in 2005, and was released on June 28, 2006. Singer claimed that he had always admired and identified with the character, citing the fact that he and Superman are both orphans, noting that he was inspired by the 1978 film starring Christopher Reeve and the comics of Alex Ross.[14]

Singer at the premiere of Valkyrie in 2009

In August 2009, Universal Pictures announced that Singer would direct and produce a big screen reimagining of the Battlestar Galactica television series of the late-1970s, which would not draw any material from the Syfy Channel reimagined series.[15]

On September 10, 2009, it was announced NBC has partnered with Singer and Bryan Fuller to adapt Augusten Burroughs's Sellevision into a series about a fictional home shopping network, according to The Hollywood Reporter.[16] Neither project was ultimately produced.

At the premiere of James Cameron's Avatar on December 16, 2009, Singer confirmed that he would be directing Jack the Giant Slayer (2013) for Warner Bros, and that he had signed on to do X-Men: First Class,[17][18] but conflicts between the two projects led to Singer being only a producer and co-screenwriter on First Class,[19] with Matthew Vaughn taking over directorial duties.[20]

2010s[edit]

In October 2012, it was announced that Singer would direct the next movie in the series, X-Men: Days of Future Past; Vaughn stayed on as a producer and screenwriter, and the film was released in May 2014.[21] Singer produced the commercials for the ice cream Magnum Gold, which featured Benicio del Toro.[22] In 2012, Singer was the executive producer alongside Jane Lynch of the short film, Ronny and I,[23] directed by Guy Shalem that screened at Outfest and Cannes.[24][25] Singer directed another X-Men film, X-Men: Apocalypse,[26] that he also produced and co-wrote with Simon Kinberg, Dan Harris, and Michael Dougherty.[27] Days of Future Past stars Hugh Jackman, James McAvoy, Michael Fassbender, Nicholas Hoult, Jennifer Lawrence, and Evan Peters re-teamed with Singer for Apocalypse.[28][29]

In 2015, Singer, Bad Hat Harry Productions, and Same Name Productions started to collaborate on a documentary project with Guy Shalem. The documentary was set to explore the Israeli–Palestinian conflict through the vantage point of a dynamic Arab-Israeli activist.[30]

In 2016, Fox announced that Singer would direct its version of 20,000 Leagues under the Sea, after having been asked to participate on the elaboration of the movie's script.[31]

After the release of X-Men: Apocalypse, Singer expressed interest in directing a solo Mystique film starring Jennifer Lawrence.[32]

In November 2016, it was announced that Singer would direct the Queen biopic Bohemian Rhapsody.[33] He produced the film with Jim Beach and Graham King.[34] On December 1, 2017, The Hollywood Reporter reported that 20th Century Fox had temporarily halted production due to the "unexpected unavailability" of Singer, with sources saying that he had failed to return to the set after the Thanksgiving week. Producers were nervous about the state of production and started discussions about potentially replacing him, at which point cinematographer Newton Thomas Sigel may have stepped in to direct during Singer's absence.[35] Singer's absence was reportedly due to "a personal health matter concerning [him] and his family," and Singer's representatives stated his mother, who is in her late '80s, was ill with pneumonia and he was visiting her.[36] However, other sources stated that the film's lead actor Rami Malek and the crew had grown tired of Singer's behavior, the director having reportedly shown up late to set on multiple occasions, and having repeatedly clashed with Malek.[37] On December 4, 2017, Singer was fired as director, with about two weeks remaining in principal photography.[38] Singer's replacement Dexter Fletcher is quoted saying he came in and "just finished it up, really."[39] 20th Century Fox terminated his Bad Hat Harry Productions deal with the studio. Singer still received directorial credit due to a Directors Guild of America ruling that only a sole director can receive credit.[40]

At the end of January 2017, Singer signed on to direct an action adventure pilot in the X-Men Universe from 20th TV and Marvel Television, that pilot being for The Gifted, which would be broadcast on Fox.[41]

Personal life[edit]

Singer is openly bisexual,[42] and has said that growing up Jewish and a sexual minority influenced his movies.[43] In October 2014, it was confirmed he was expecting a child with actress Michelle Clunie.[44] They later had a son.[45]

Sexual abuse allegations[edit]

Apt Pupil lawsuit[edit]

In 1997, a 14-year-old extra accused Singer of asking him and other minors to film a shower scene in the nude for the film Apt Pupil.[46] Two other adolescent boys, 16 and 17 years old, later supported the 14-year-old's claim. The boys claimed trauma from the experience and sought charges against the filmmakers including infliction of emotional distress, negligence, and invasion of privacy.[47] The boys alleged that they were filmed for sexual gratification.[48] A lawsuit was filed but dismissed for insufficient evidence.[49]

2014 lawsuits[edit]

In April 2014, Singer was accused in a civil lawsuit of sexual assault of a minor. According to the suit filed by attorney Jeff Herman, Singer is alleged to have drugged and raped actor and model Michael Egan in Hawaii after meeting him at parties hosted by convicted sex offender Marc Collins-Rector in the late 1990s.[50] Singer's attorney called the allegations "completely fabricated" and said Singer planned to countersue.[51] Singer denied the allegations in a statement, calling them "outrageous, vicious, and completely false."[52]

On May 22, 2014, Singer's attorney presented evidence to Federal District Judge Susan Oki Mollway stating that neither Singer nor Egan were in Hawaii at the time.[53] In early August 2014, Egan sought to withdraw his lawsuit via a Request for Court Order of Dismissal, and asked that it be granted "without prejudice or an award of costs or fees, in the interest of justice."[54]

In May 2014, another lawsuit was filed by attorney Jeff Herman on behalf of an anonymous British man. Both Singer and producer Gary Goddard (who was also named separately in the first case) were accused of sexually assaulting "John Doe No. 117."[55] According to the lawsuit, Goddard and Singer met the man for sex when he was a minor and engaged in acts of "gender violence" against him while in London for the premiere of Superman Returns.[56] The charge against Singer in this case was dismissed, at the accuser's request, in July 2014.[57]

Singer is cited in the 2014 documentary film on child sexual abuse in Hollywood, An Open Secret, although the film makes no specific allegations against him.[58] Author Bret Easton Ellis alleges that two of his former partners have attended underage sex parties hosted by Singer and fellow director Roland Emmerich.[59]

The Weinstein effect[edit]

Allegations against Singer were revived following the Harvey Weinstein sexual abuse allegations in 2017, as well as those against Kevin Spacey, with whom Singer had collaborated on two films. His name began floating around following the initial backlash, with commenters linking Singer to a culture of child sexual abuse in Hollywood.[60][61] On December 7, 2017, Cesar Sanchez-Guzman filed a lawsuit in the state of Washington against Singer, alleging that he had been raped by the director in 2003, when he was 17 years old.[62] Singer denied the allegations and removed himself from the public eye.[63] After the lawsuit was announced, the USC School of Cinematic Arts removed Singer's name from its Division of Cinema & Media Studies program,[64] which had previously been called for by students of the school.[65]

Filmography[edit]

Film[edit]

Year Title Credited as Notes
Director Producer Writer Actor
1988 Lion's Den Yes Yes Yes Yes Short film
1993 Public Access Yes Yes Yes
1995 The Usual Suspects Yes Yes
1998 Apt Pupil Yes Yes
Burn Yes
2000 X-Men Yes Story
2002 Star Trek: Nemesis Yes as Kelly
2003 X2 Yes Executive Story Cameo as a security guard.
2006 Superman Returns Yes Yes Yes
Look, Up in the Sky: The Amazing Story of Superman Yes Documentary
2007 Color Me Olsen Yes Short film
Trick 'r Treat Yes
2008 Valkyrie Yes Yes
2011 X-Men: First Class Yes Story [19][66]
2013 Jack the Giant Slayer Yes Yes [67]
Uwantme2killhim? Yes
2014 X-Men: Days of Future Past Yes Yes Concept Cameo as a man with a small film camera.[68]
The Taking of Deborah Logan Yes [69]
2016 X-Men: Apocalypse Yes Yes Yes Cameo as a security guard.
2018 Bohemian Rhapsody Yes Yes Fired during production, but retained credit as the film's director.
TBA Broadway 4D Yes Executive

Television[edit]

Year Title Credited as Notes
Director Producer Writer Actor
2004–2012 House Yes (2004) Executive Yes Episodes: "Pilot" (also known as "Everybody Lies"), "Occam's Razor" and "Sports Medicine"
2005 The Triangle Yes Yes Miniseries
2006 The Science of Superman Yes TV documentary
2007 Football Wives Yes Yes Episode: "Pilot"
2007–2009 Dirty Sexy Money Yes
2008 Valkyrie: The Plot to Kill Hitler Yes TV documentary
2012 Mockingbird Lane Yes Executive TV special
2015 Battle Creek Yes Executive Episode: "The Battle Creek Way"
2017 Legion Executive
2017–present The Gifted Yes (2017) Executive Episode: "eXposed"

Web series[edit]

Year Title Credited as Notes
Director Producer Writer Actor
2012–2013 H+: The Digital Series Yes

Frequent collaborators[edit]

Actor/actress Public Access
(1993)
The Usual Suspects
(1995)
Apt Pupil
(1998)
X-Men
(2000)
X2
(2003)
Superman Returns
(2006)
Valkyrie
(2008)
Jack the Giant Slayer
(2013)
X-Men: Days of Future Past
(2014)
X-Men: Apocalypse
(2016)
Total
Shawn Ashmore ☑Y ☑Y ☑Y 3
Halle Berry ☑Y ☑Y ☑Y 3
Daniel Cudmore ☑Y ☑Y 2
Bruce Davison ☑Y ☑Y ☑Y 3
David Fabrizio ☑Y ☑Y 2
Michael Fassbender ☑Y ☑Y 2
Josh Helman ☑Y ☑Y 2
Nicholas Hoult ☑Y ☑Y ☑Y 3
Hugh Jackman ☑Y ☑Y ☑Y ☑Y 4
Famke Janssen ☑Y ☑Y ☑Y 3
James Karen ☑Y ☑Y(Deleted scenes) 2
Jennifer Lawrence ☑Y ☑Y 2
James Marsden ☑Y ☑Y ☑Y ☑Y 4
James McAvoy ☑Y ☑Y 2
Ian McKellen ☑Y ☑Y ☑Y ☑Y 4
Bill Nighy ☑Y ☑Y 2
Anna Paquin ☑Y ☑Y ☑Y 3
Evan Peters ☑Y ☑Y 2
Rebecca Romijn-Stamos ☑Y ☑Y 2
Kevin Spacey ☑Y ☑Y 2
Patrick Stewart ☑Y ☑Y ☑Y 3
Lucas Till ☑Y ☑Y 2
Bert Williams ☑Y ☑Y 2
Screenwriters Public Access
(1993)
The Usual Suspects
(1995)
Apt Pupil
(1998)
X-Men
(2000)
X2
(2003)
Superman Returns
(2006)
Valkyrie
(2008)
Jack the Giant Slayer
(2013)
X-Men: Days of Future Past
(2014)
X-Men: Apocalypse
(2016)
Total
Ralph Winter ☑Y ☑Y 2
Christopher McQuarrie ☑Y ☑Y ☑Y ☑Y 4
Michael Dougherty ☑Y ☑Y ☑Y 3
Dan Harris ☑Y ☑Y ☑Y 3
David Hayter ☑Y ☑Y 2
Composer and editor Public Access
(1993)
The Usual Suspects
(1995)
Apt Pupil
(1998)
X-Men
(2000)
X2
(2003)
Superman Returns
(2006)
Valkyrie
(2008)
Jack the Giant Slayer
(2013)
X-Men: Days of Future Past
(2014)
X-Men: Apocalypse
(2016)
Total
John Ottman ☑Y ☑Y ☑Y ☑Y ☑Y ☑Y ☑Y ☑Y ☑Y 9

Awards and nominations[edit]

Year Work Award Category Result Ref.
1993 Public Access Sundance Film Festival Grand Jury Prize Won
Deauville American Film Festival International Critics' prize Won
1995 The Usual Suspects Tokyo International Film Festival Silver prize Won
Seattle International Film Festival Best Director Won
1996 The Usual Suspects Empire Awards Best Newcomer Won
Saturn Award Best Director Nominated
Himself Saturn Award President's Memorial Award Won
1999 Apt Pupil Saturn Award Best Director Nominated
2001 X-Men Empire Awards Best Director Won
Saturn Award Best Director Won
2002 X-Men Prix Nebula Best Script Nominated
2004 X2 Saturn Award Best Director Nominated
2007 Superman Returns Empire Awards Best Director Nominated
Saturn Award Best Director Won
2009 Valkyrie Saturn Award Best Director Nominated
2015 X-Men: Days of Future Past Saturn Award Best Director Nominated
2017 X-Men: Apocalypse Saturn Award Best Director Nominated

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Bryan Singer biography". Filmreference.com. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  2. ^ Great Conversations: Bryan Singer, the Huffington Post, 05/28/2015
  3. ^ Miller, Lynn. "More West Windsor Filmmaking Stars on the Horizon" Archived January 25, 2008, at the Wayback Machine., West Windsor & Plainsboro News, December 15, 2007; accessed December 15, 2007. "Two West Windsor-Plainsboro High School graduates are following in the footsteps of two other filmmakers from West Windsor, Bryan Singer and Christopher McQuarrie. Singer, Class of 1984, and McQuarrie, Class of 1986, have recently joined together for the filming of "Valkyrie", a controversial film about Colonel Claus Schenk von Stauffenberg, the German Army officer who tried to do away with Hitler during World War II."
  4. ^ DANIELLE BERRIN Jewish Journal: "How Auschwitz, “X-Men” and its Jewish director changed comics", jewishjournal.com, March 18, 2010.
  5. ^ Weinraub, Bernard (July 9, 2000). "FILM; An Unusual Choice for the Role of Studio Superhero". The New York Times. Retrieved November 27, 2007. As a child, Mr. Singer grew up in Princeton Junction, N.J. His father, Norbert Singer, is a businessman and his mother, Grace, is an environmental activist and former state environmental official. Mr. Singer attended the School of Visual Arts in Manhattan for two years, and then transferred to the University of Southern California.
  6. ^ Ottman, John. "Projects – Lion's Den". johnottman.com. Retrieved January 2, 2008.
  7. ^ Ottman, John. "Projects – Summer Rain". johnottman.com. Retrieved January 2, 2008.
  8. ^ Carsten Dau (2001). "Focus". Directed By Online. Directed By Online. Archived from the original on December 10, 2010. Retrieved May 19, 2012.
  9. ^ Staff (July 13, 2006). "Comic book crusader: Bryan Singer". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved May 19, 2012.
  10. ^ Clarke, Donald (August 12, 2017). "Carrie on screaming: the 20 best Stephen King movies". Irish Times. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  11. ^ Kehr, Dave (January 3, 2003). "AT THE MOVIES". New York Times. Retrieved November 12, 2017.
  12. ^ BBC (February 23, 2001). "Battlestar Galactica set for TV return". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved November 12, 2017.
  13. ^ Foreman, Lisa. "Fox breaks off film deal with helmer Singer". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on August 15, 2004. Retrieved August 6, 2004.
  14. ^ Epstein, Daniel Robert (May 3, 2006). "Bryan Singer director of Superman Returns". SuicideGirls.com. Retrieved November 12, 2017.
  15. ^ Nicole Sperling. "Bryan Singer to direct and produce 'Battlestar Galactica' movie". Archived from the original on August 17, 2009.
  16. ^ Eng, Joyce (September 10, 2009). "Bryan Fuller, Bryan Singer Team Up with NBC for Sellevision". TV Guide.
  17. ^ "Avatar". MySpace. November 26, 2013. Retrieved December 4, 2013.
  18. ^ Edward Douglas. "Super Hero Hype – Bryan Singer Will Direct X-Men: First Class!".
  19. ^ a b Fleming, Mike (March 26, 2010). "Bryan Singer Producing 'X-Men: First Class'". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved July 9, 2010.
  20. ^ Fleming, Mike (May 4, 2010). "Fox Signs Vaughn To Direct 'X-Men: First Class' And Sets June 3, 2011 Release Date". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved July 9, 2010.
  21. ^ Adam B. Vary. "Bryan Singer will direct 'X-Men: Days of Future Past'".
  22. ^ "NEW Magnum Gold?! is as Good as Gold".
  23. ^ Cameron Sinz (April 29, 2013). "Watch: Bryan Singer and Jane Lynch Present Exclusive Trailer". Indiewire. Retrieved October 26, 2014.
  24. ^ "Ronny and I - 2013 Outfest". Retrieved October 26, 2014.
  25. ^ "Cannes 2013: 'Ronny & i' Trailer - Film Pulse". Film Pulse. Retrieved October 26, 2014.
  26. ^ Lesnick, Silas (December 5, 2013). "X-Men: Apocalypse Set for May 27, 2016". Retrieved December 6, 2013.
  27. ^ Spencer, Perry (December 19, 2013). "Bryan Singer Assembles X2 Writers for X-Men: Apocalypse". superherohype.com. Retrieved December 20, 2013.
  28. ^ Stack, Tim (April 11, 2014). "'X-Men: Apocalypse': Who will return? What new mutants may appear? Scoop on the next X-Men film -- Exclusive". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 11, 2014.
  29. ^ Tilly, Chris (May 21, 2014). "QUICKSILVER WILL HAVE EXPANDED ROLE IN X-MEN: APOCALYPSE". IGN. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  30. ^ Kroll, Justin (August 6, 2015). "Bryan Singer to Develop Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Documentary (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  31. ^ McNary, Dave (February 3, 2016). "Bryan Singer's '20,000 Leagues Under the Sea' Lands at Fox". Variety. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  32. ^ Robinson, Joanna (May 31, 2016). "X-Men's Bryan Singer Really Wants a Solo Mystique Movie For Jennifer Lawrence". Vanity Fair. Retrieved March 12, 2018.
  33. ^ Fleming, Mike (November 4, 2016). "Queen Movie Amping Up With Bryan Singer & Rami Malek As Freddie Mercury". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved November 5, 2016.
  34. ^ "Freddie Mercury biopic Bohemian Rhapsody cast confirmed: who's playing the rest of Queen?". The Daily Telegraph. August 22, 2017. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  35. ^ Fox Halts Production on Queen Biopic Due to Bryan Singer Absence The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
  36. ^ Bryan Singer: Illness forces director to stop work on Freddie Mercury film BBC News. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
  37. ^ Fox Halts Production on Bryan Singer’s Queen Biopic Bohemian Rhapsody ScreenRant. December 1, 2017.
  38. ^ Bryan Singer Fired From Directing Queen Biopic After On-Set Chaos (Exclusive) The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 4, 2017.
  39. ^ Wakeman, Gregory. "Dexter Fletcher talks replacing Bryan Singer as 'Bohemian Rhapsody' director". Metro US.
  40. ^ Bryan Singer to Get Directing Credit on Queen Biopic 'Bohemian Rhapsody' The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 12, 2018.
  41. ^ Schwindt, Oriana; Holloway, Daniel (January 24, 2017). "Fox Orders X-Men Pilot With Bryan Singer Directing". Variety. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  42. ^ "Brian Singer: "I am bisexual"". Entertainment Tonight. Retrieved October 26, 2014.
  43. ^ Applebaum, Stephen. "Interview: Bryan Singer". BBC. Retrieved October 7, 2006.
  44. ^ "Bryan Singer Expecting First Child With Best Friend Michelle Clunie". usmagazine.com. October 23, 2014. Retrieved October 26, 2014.
  45. ^ "Bryan Singer becomes father for first time". Contact Music. January 6, 2015. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
  46. ^ Satoodeh, Ramin. "Bryan Singer Allegations Part of Upcoming Sex Abuse Documentary". Chicago Tribune. Chicago Tribune. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
  47. ^ Ascher-Walsh, Rebecca (May 2, 1997). "A Clothes Call". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved March 10, 2009.
  48. ^ Mottram 2007, p. 223
  49. ^ Ascher-Walsh, Rebecca. "Three minors who were extras say they were told to disrobe to shoot a shower scene". Entertainment Weekly. Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 29, 2014.
  50. ^ Barnes, Brook. "Suit Accuses Director of New 'X-Men' Film of Sexual Assault". The New York Times Company. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
  51. ^ Feldman, Dana; Kelsey, Eric. "'X Men' director hit by sex abuse lawsuit weeks before premiere". Reuters. Retrieved April 18, 2014.
  52. ^ TIME Video (2014-04-25). "'X-Men' Director Singer: Sexual Abuse Allegations 'Outrageous'". TIME. Retrieved 2014-06-27.
  53. ^ Detroit Free Press, Saturday, May 24, 2014, pg. 2D
  54. ^ Dillon, Nancy (2014-08-06). "Bryan Singer accuser seeks to withdraw lawsuit against director". NY Daily News. Archived from the original on 2015-06-12. Retrieved 2018-03-14.
  55. ^ Pickert, Kate (2014-05-05). "What The Bryan Singer Scandal Says About Hollywood". Time. Archived from the original on 2017-12-07. Retrieved 2018-03-14.
  56. ^ Paunescu, Delia (May 4, 2014). "New Sexual-Abuse Lawsuit Filed Against Singer". Vulture. Retrieved May 26, 2014.
  57. ^ "'X-Men' director Bryan Singer dropped from sex abuse case brought by British actor". NY Daily News. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  58. ^ Setoodeh, Ramin (April 18, 2014). "Bryan Singer Allegations Part of Upcoming Sex Abuse Documentary". Variety.
  59. ^ "Bryan Singer Sex Abuse Suit: Bret Easton Ellis Says He Dated Two People Who 'Went Through World of Underage Parties' (Audio)". The Hollywood Reporter. April 29, 2014.
  60. ^ Madison III, Ira (October 16, 2017). "Hollywood's Other 'Open Secret' Besides Harvey Weinstein: Preying on Young Boys". The Daily Beast. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  61. ^ Strecker, Erin (October 30, 2017). "So, uh, why was Bryan Singer's name trending after the Kevin Spacey allegations?". Mashable. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  62. ^ "Bryan Singer: Director denies raping 17-year-old boy". BBC. December 8, 2017. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  63. ^ Breakey, Julia (November 9, 2017). "Sexual assault accused Bryan Singer deletes Twitter, online articles removed". Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  64. ^ Hipes, Patrick (December 8, 2017). "USC Dropping Bryan Singer's Name From Film School". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  65. ^ "USC students launch petition to remove Bryan Singer's name from the school's media division". November 7, 2017. Retrieved January 28, 2018.
  66. ^ Marshall, Rick (September 8, 2010). "First Look at January Jones As Emma Frost In 'X-Men: First Class'". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved February 11, 2018.
  67. ^ Fischer, Russ (September 23, 2009). "Bryan Singer Tackles Jack the Giant Killer For New Line". slashfilm.com. Retrieved October 28, 2009.
  68. ^ "Bryan Singer Officially Set For X-Men: Days of Future Past". October 30, 2012.
  69. ^ "Exclusive Green Band Trailer for The Taking of Deborah Logan". September 22, 2014.

External links[edit]