|Active||August 14 - November 10, 1941|
December 24, 1941 - March 12, 1943
March 28 - October 10, 1943
|Type||Army Group Command|
|Engagements||World War II|
Battle of Moscow
Battle of Kursk
Battle of Smolensk (1943)
First Formation (August - November 1941)
General Andrei Yeremenko was designated commander of the Front when it first formed in mid-late August 1941, comprising, in Erickson's words, "on paper two armies, 50th and 13th, with eight rifle divisions each, three cavalry divisions, and one tank division but many of these formations were badly whittled down by battle losses." Two other armies from Soviet Central Front, 21st and 3rd Army, which had avoided encirclement at the Battle of Smolensk (1941), were promised but also badly worn down.
In late August along with the Western Front and the Reserve Front, the Bryansk Front launched a large but unsuccessful counteroffensive in the Smolensk, El'nia, and Roslavl regions to halt Army Group Centre's advance on Moscow. Despite some success by the Reserve Front at El'nia, the efforts by Bryansk Front were a failure.
After the failure of the Smolensk offensives, the seriously weakened front became trapped in an enormous encirclement in the lead-up to the Battle of Moscow. "Most of the troops found themselves encircled, and were fighting their way to the east," according to Zhukov. On 23 Oct., "thanks to heroic efforts they managed to break out of encirclement." On 10 Nov., the Bryansk Front was "disbanded".
Second Formation (December 1941 - March 1943)
On its second formation in late 1941 under Yakov Cherevichenko, part of the troops and forces of the Bryansk Front defending the Voronezh region, being designated as Voronezh Front on 7 July 1942. By the time of Operation Blau, the German summer offensive of 1942, the Front comprised the 3rd, 13th, 40th, 48th Armies, the 5th Tank Army, and the 2nd Air Army. It was then reformed, then disbanded on 11–12 March 1943 and its headquarters became HQ Kursk Front after a short time expecting to be the headquarters and the basis of the new Reserve Front.
Third Formation (March 1943 - October 1943)
Colonel General Markian Popov led it to liberate its namesake town Bryansk in August and September 1943. On 10 October 1943 the Stavka incorporated most of the Front's forces into the 1st Belorussian Front (former Central) and used Bryansk Front's HQ to form the HQ Baltic Front, which then became the 2nd Baltic Front.
- Lieutenant-General Andrey Yeryomenko (16.08.41 to 13.10.41),
- Major-General Georgiy Fedorovich Zakharov (14.10.41 to 10.11.41).
- Colonel-General Yakov Cherevichenko (24.12.1941 to 02.04.1942),
- Lieutenant-General Filipp Golikov (02.04.1942 to 07.07.1942),
- Lieutenant-General Nikandr Yevlampyevich Chibisov (07.07.42 to 13.07.1942), (Чибисов Никанор Евлампиевич)
- Lieutenant-General Konstantin Rokossovsky (14.07.42 to 27.09.1942),
- Colonel-General Max Andreyevich Reyter (28.09.42 to 12.03.1943).
- Colonel-General Max Andreyevich Reyter (12.03.1943 to 05.06.1943),
- Colonel-General Markian Popov (05.06.43 to 10.10.1943).
References and sources
- David Glantz, Colossus Reborn: The Red Army at War 1941–43, University Press of Kansas, 2005