Bryant Moore

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Bryant Edward Moore
Bryant E. Moore2.jpg
Born June 6, 1894
Ellsworth, Maine, United States
Died February 24, 1951 (aged 56)
near Yeoju County, South Korea[1]
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch  United States Army
Years of service 1917–1951
Rank US-O8 insignia.svg Major General
Unit USA - Army Infantry Insignia.png Infantry Branch
Commands held 164th Infantry Regiment
8th Infantry Division
88th Infantry Division
United States Military Academy
IX Corps
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Korean War
Awards Army Distinguished Service Medal (3)
Silver Star (2)
Legion of Merit
Bronze Star

Major General Bryant Edward Moore (June 6, 1894 – February 24, 1951) was a United States Army officer who commanded the 8th Infantry Division during and after World War II, and the IX Corps in the Korean War.

Biography[edit]

Early life and military career[edit]

Moore was born in Ellsworth, Maine on June 6, 1894 to Nettie Haley Moore and Edward Grafton Moore. He had three siblings: John Leroy Moore, Margaret Moore Coolidge and James Moore. His father ran and then later owned Moore's Pharmacy on the corner of Water Street and Main Street in Ellsworth. The family home was on State Street, located on the hill across from the First Congregational Church. He graduated from Ellsworth High School and was educated at the Sorbonne in Paris, France and at the United States Military Academy (USMA) at West Point, New York, where he graduated in the class of 1917.[2]l

World War II[edit]

In the early days of World War II, Colonel Moore commanded the 164th Infantry Regiment on Guadalcanal. After promotion to the general officer rank of brigadier general, he later fought with the 104th Infantry Division as the assistant division commander (ADC). The 104th was commanded by Major General Terry Allen. He was later promoted again and commanded the 8th Infantry Division in Europe. Under his command, the division liberated the Neuengamme concentration camp. In late 1945 he commanded the 88th Infantry Division in Austria until it was deactivated in 1947.

Postwar[edit]

In the immediate post-war period, he commanded the occupation of Yugoslavia, holding Trieste, successfully keeping out Tito's troops.[3] From 1949 until 1951, Moore was superintendent of the United States Military Academy at West Point.[2]

During the Korean War, under General Matthew Ridgway, one of his classmates from the West Point class of 1917, he led the IX Corps in Operations Thunderbolt, Killer and Ripper.[4] It was during these operations that Moore's helicopter crashed into the Han River near Yeoju. He died a few hours later from an apparent heart attack after having gotten help for the surviving pilot and crew, on February 24, 1951.[2] The account of his service to America was entered into the United States Congressional Record by Maine Senator Margaret Chase Smith. Moore was promoted to the rank of four-star general posthumously.

He was buried at the USMA at West Point on the Hudson River in New York, his body being one of the first to be repatriated to American soil during a war.[5]

Bryant Moore married the former Margaret "Peggy" King, also from Ellsworth, and they had two daughters, Margaret and Barbara.

Moore was well known for his diplomatic abilities as well as being fluent in French and an expert in military strategy and military science.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Army Center of Military History.
  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b c "Death on the Han". Time. 1951-03-05. Retrieved 2008-05-26. 
  3. ^ "Hot Curve". Time. 1947-09-29. Retrieved 2008-05-26. 
  4. ^ McGrath, John J. "The Korean War: Restoring the Balance". United States Army. Retrieved 2008-05-26. 
  5. ^ "Taps". Time. 1951-03-19. Retrieved 2008-05-26. 
  6. ^ NARA-AAD records
Military offices
Preceded by
Maxwell Taylor
Superintendents of the United States Military Academy
1949–1951
Succeeded by
Frederick Augustus Irving