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Dr. Bryce Mortlock AM Hon D.Arch, B.Arch LFRAIA RIBA MRAPI
|Born||Harold Bryce Mortlock
14 October 1921
|Died||3 July 2004
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
|Height||6 ft 1 in (185 cm)|
|Spouse(s)||Peggy Mortlock (died January 2008)|
Dr. Bryce Mortlock (14 October 1921 – 3 July 2004) was an Australian architect and planner. In partnership with Sydney Ancher, Stuart Murray and Ken Woolley, his career spanned the era in which modern Australian architecture was consolidated.
During his 40-year-plus career as an architect, Bryce was awarded the Alfred Bossom Medal in London (1951); New South Wales’s prestigious Sulman Prize (1960) and Merit Award (1972); the RAIA’s top annual award, the RAIA Gold Medal (1979); the Queen’s Jubilee Medal (1977); the RAIA Victorian Chapter Bronze Medal (1981); an Honorary Doctorate from the University of Melbourne (1988); and a Member, Order of Australia (1982). He was nominated as a Life Fellow of the RAIA in 1970.
Two of his best known projects include the Sulman Award winning Badham House in Sydney’s Cronulla and the Engineering Precinct at Sydney University. He was also responsible for the University of Melbourne master plan.
Mortlock was born in Lithgow on 14 October 1921 where his father was an engineer at the local steel works. His father died when Bryce was still young and his mother moved the family to live with relatives in Sydney, in the harbour side suburb of Five Dock. There, observation of the local boat builders fostered Bryce’s interest in design and construction and he built several boats while still at school.
A partnership with Alan and Bill Payne from 1938 resulted in the design of the Payne-Mortlock sailing canoe, one of the few all- Australian designed senior class sailing boats. After the outbreak of World War II, Bryce travelled to Canada where he trained as a pilot with the Royal Canadian Air Force. He returned to Australia in 1945 in anticipation of service in the Pacific theatre but the war ended before any combat posting.
He left the air force and enrolled in the School of Architecture at the University of Sydney where he studied under architect Leslie Wilkinson and the artist Lloyd Rees who taught architectural history and freehand drawing. It was while at university that Bryce met Sydney Ancher – one of the first Australian architects to embrace International style Modernism. He started working with Ancher while still a student - beginning a partnership that would span four decades, until Ancher’s death in 1979.
Mortlock graduated with first class honours in 1950, winning the University Medal and a travelling scholarship that allowed him to work and study in Britain and Europe. After he returned, Mortlock and Stuart Murray took up full-time work with Sydney Ancher’s firm in 1952. Eight years later he won the Sulman Award for the Badham House at Cronulla. Bryce’s design reflected the firm’s adherence to the International style, while anticipating the so-called ‘Sydney Regional’ style with which the firm would become associated over the next decade.
After Ken Woolley joined them in 1964, Ancher and Mortlock set up offices in Ridge St, North Sydney, establishing the well-known Sydney firm Ancher, Mortlock and Woolley. The firm completed innovative designs for town houses and flats at Wollstonecraft and Cremorne. Mortlock was also appointed Master Planner for the University of Melbourne in 1968. It was a position that entailed regular trips from his Cammeray home, but one which he held until the late 1990s, describing it as his most satisfying and challenging. The University recognised his work with an honorary doctorate. In 1970 Mortlock, in partnership with others, applied his interest in planning and the need for increasing density to the drafting of a Building Code for North Sydney Council.
By that time Mortlock had been living locally for 40 years. He moved to Vernon Street, Cammeray, with his new wife Peggy in 1950, shortly after returning from overseas. As two of the first residents of that area, the Mortlocks confronted North Sydney Council who had begun clearing bushland fronting Long Bay. The Mortlocks managed to convince Council to stop this destruction, and over the next four decades they cared for the public land near their home – tirelessly cutting the lantana and balloon vine that grew in the wake of the clearing. Eventually Council came to embrace Mortlock's attitude to the preservation of bushland. Bushcare Group networks were set up and Bryce himself became a local volunteer co-ordinator.
Royal Australian Institute of Architects (RAIA) National President Warren Kerr on Bryce Mortlock: "Bryce Mortlock was well-known for his energetic support of the architectural profession and the RAIA, and for his willingness to speak out on matters of importance, especially as they affected good design," Mr Kerr said. "The contributions he made as the RAIA’s NSW Chapter President from 1970-72 and RAIA National President from 1975-76 will long be remembered". "He was also widely known as a talented architect of the highest order, who justly received awards for his work on more than one continent."
Although he enjoyed a national reputation, Mortlock's passion for sensitive environmental relationships in urban design and practice was also recognised by his local community. He was a pioneer of what would become known as the Bushcare movement. In 1997 his efforts to preserve and regenerate bushland near his Cammeray home were commemorated with the renaming of the Vernon Street Reserve, ‘Mortlock Reserve’ – an honour rarely accorded to a living person.
Mortlock died on 3 July 2004 at the Royal North Shore Hospital aged 82.
Peggy and Bryce Mortlock had three sons, Peter, Richard, and Philip Mortlock, and five grandchildren, Jonathan, Michael, Andrew, Grace and Celia Mortlock.