Bryn, Greater Manchester

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Bryn
Church of Our Lady Immaculate, Bryn.jpg
Church of Our Lady Immaculate
Bryn is located in Greater Manchester
Bryn
Bryn
Location within Greater Manchester
Population11,662 (2011 Census)
OS grid referenceSD565005
Metropolitan borough
Metropolitan county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townWIGAN[1]
Postcode districtWN4
Dialling code01942
PoliceGreater Manchester
FireGreater Manchester
AmbulanceNorth West
EU ParliamentNorth West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Greater Manchester
53°29′56″N 2°39′25″W / 53.499°N 2.657°W / 53.499; -2.657Coordinates: 53°29′56″N 2°39′25″W / 53.499°N 2.657°W / 53.499; -2.657

Bryn (which is Welsh for hill) is a component ward of the Metropolitan Borough of Wigan, Greater Manchester, England. It is part of the larger town of Ashton-in-Makerfield and is geographically indistinguishable from it, but forms a separate local council ward. The population of this ward at the 2011 census was 11,662.[2] Served by Bryn railway station, Bryn is home to the Three Sisters Recreation Area which has been created from three large spoil tips which remain from Bryn's role in Lancashire's coal mining past. The recreation area is also the site of the Three Sisters Race Circuit, which provides race driving instruction and plays host to kart racing events and motorcycle road race meetings at clubman level.

Etymology[edit]

The name Bryn is most likely derived from Cumbric *brïnn, meaning 'hill' (Welsh bryn).[3] Alternatively, the name may be derived directly from the Welsh equivalent, possibly reflecting Welsh settlement in the 12th century.[3] A third explanation is that the name is derived from Old English bryne, 'burning, fire', suggestive of land cleared by burning.[3]

History[edit]

The former Bryn (or Brynne) Hall was the seat of the Gerard family beginning in the thirteenth century or earlier. It was a "safe house" for the English Roman Catholic martyr and saint Edmund Arrowsmith and his hand was reportedly preserved there after his execution. The house, dating to the fourteenth century, has now completely collapsed and remaining stones have been cleared.[4]

The Roman Catholic parish of Our Lady of Good Counsel was founded in 1896. In 1902 the foundation stone of the church, dedicated to Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception, was laid by Bishop Thomas Whiteside, the 4th Bishop of Liverpool. The church, on Downall Green Road, was designed in the style popularised by Augustus Pugin and opened on 21 October 1903. On 8 September 1955 the church was consecrated and the holy relics of two early Roman martyrs – Saints Speciosi and Fructuosi, were placed under the altar stone. In the course of over 100 years, the church has been served by 13 priests, the current parish priest being Father John Gorman.[5]

The Unitarian Park Lane Chapel in Wigan Road was built in 1697, though its congregation was founded in 1662.[6] It is the oldest Non-conformist chapel and congregation in the whole district. By the nineteenth century Park Lane was only one of nine non-conformist chapels in the heavily recusant area.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Royal Mail, Address Management Guide, (2004)
  2. ^ "Wigan Ward population 2011". Retrieved 9 January 2016.
  3. ^ a b c James, Alan. "A Guide to the Place-Name Evidence" (PDF). SPNS - The Brittonic Language in the Old North. Retrieved 25 November 2018.
  4. ^ "Old Bryn Hall". Wigan Archaeological Society..
  5. ^ "History". Ourladysbryn.org.uk. 2015. Retrieved 19 January 2016.
  6. ^ "Park Lane Chapel Bryn, Wigan, Lancashire: Chapel History". Parklanechapel.org.uk. Retrieved 5 November 2015.