Brynberian

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Brynberian
Village building styles, Brynberian - geograph.org.uk - 404518.jpg
Brynberian is located in Pembrokeshire
Brynberian
Brynberian
Location within Pembrokeshire
OS grid referenceSN1035
Community
  • Eglwyswrw
Principal area
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
PoliceDyfed-Powys
FireMid and West Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
EU ParliamentWales
UK Parliament
  • Preseli Pembrokeshire
Welsh Assembly
  • Preseli Pembrokeshire
List of places
UK
Wales
Pembrokeshire
51°59′N 4°46′W / 51.98°N 4.76°W / 51.98; -4.76Coordinates: 51°59′N 4°46′W / 51.98°N 4.76°W / 51.98; -4.76

Brynberian is a small village in north Pembrokeshire, Wales, in the foothills of the Preseli Mountains in the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park. It is in the community of Eglwyswrw and the parish of Nevern, and is on the B4329 road between Crosswell and Tafarn y Bwlch. Afon Brynberian flows through the village under an ancient bridge and joins the River Nevern to the north.

History[edit]

In medieval times Brynberian fell into the ancient cantref of Cemaes, under Norman control from about 1100 until 1326. The hundred of Cemais was created in 1536. Freeholders of Cemais held pasture rights on the Preseli Mountains from the 13th century. Brynberian was one of the last places to be enclosed and probably began to be settled around the time of the establishment of the Independent Chapel in 1690. The bridge is mentioned as existing c.1600. During the 19th century there was a woollen factory and mill[1] and most of the present buildings in the village are 19th century.[2] The mill is a Grade II-listed building,[3] as is one of its outbuildings.[4] The village is in the south of the parish of Nevern.[5] It previously had a shop, Post Office and school, but these are now closed. The school, Llwynihirion, became Brynberian Community Centre.[6]

Chapel[edit]

Chapel burial ground

Brynberian Independent Chapel is a Grade II listed building[7][8] and may have been built, as others were, to serve the settlement which was some distance from the parish church.[9] The chapel was founded in 1690, one of the earliest in the locality, and the movement spread from Brynberian to other local settlements. It was rebuilt in 1808.[10] The present building dates from 1842 and the interior from 1882.[1] Chapel records are held by Dyfed Family History Society.[11]

Prehistoric sites[edit]

Nearby Pentre Ifan is one of the largest cromlechs in Wales, and in close proximity is Bedd yr Afanc, a burial chamber that over time has degraded.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lloyd, T.; Orbach, J. & Scourfield, R. (2004). Pembrokeshire. Yale University Press. p. 135. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  2. ^ "Dyfed Archaeological Trust". Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  3. ^ Cadw. "Mill building at Felin Bryn  (Grade II) (13062)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  4. ^ Cadw. "Outbuilding to E of Felin Bryn  (Grade II) (19161)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  5. ^ "GENUKI: Nevern parish map". Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  6. ^ "Brynberian online". Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  7. ^ "British listed buildings: Brynberian Independent Chapel". Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  8. ^ "Brynberian online: Brynberian Chapel". Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  9. ^ King, C. & Sayer, D. (2011). The Archaeology of Post-medieval Religion. Boydell Press. p. 146. Retrieved 25 January 2016.
  10. ^ Cadw. "Brynberian Independent Chapel  (Grade II) (19160)". National Historic Assets of Wales. Retrieved 28 April 2019.
  11. ^ "GENUKI: Nevern". Retrieved 25 January 2016.

External links[edit]