Philip Edward Hartmann
September 24, 1948
|Died||May 28, 1998 (aged 49)|
|Cause of death||Homicide by gunshot|
|Resting place||Ashes scattered over Emerald Bay, Santa Catalina Island, California, U.S.|
|Education||Westchester High School|
|Alma mater||California State University, Northridge|
|Occupation||Actor, comedian, screenwriter, graphic designer|
|Television||Saturday Night Live|
Philip Edward Hartman (né Hartmann; September 24, 1948 – May 28, 1998) was a Canadian-American actor, comedian, screenwriter, and graphic designer. Hartman was born in Brantford, Ontario, Canada, and his family moved to the United States when he was ten years old. After graduating from California State University, Northridge with a degree in graphic arts, he designed album covers for bands including Poco and America. In 1975, he joined the comedy group The Groundlings, where he helped Paul Reubens develop his character, Pee-wee Herman. Hartman co-wrote the film Pee-wee's Big Adventure and made recurring appearances as Captain Carl on Reubens' show Pee-wee's Playhouse.
In 1986, Hartman joined the NBC sketch comedy show Saturday Night Live (SNL) as a cast member, and stayed for eight seasons until 1994. Nicknamed "Glue" for his ability to hold the show together and help other cast members, he won a Primetime Emmy Award for his SNL work in 1989. In 1995, he starred as Bill McNeal in the sitcom NewsRadio after declining to return to SNL. He also voiced various characters on The Simpsons, and had minor roles in the films Houseguest, Sgt. Bilko, Jingle All the Way, and Small Soldiers.
After two divorces, Hartman married Brynn Omdahl in 1987, with whom he had two children. Their marriage was troubled due to Brynn's drug use and domestic violence against Phil, who was frequently absent from home. In 1998, while Hartman was sleeping in his bed, his wife shot and killed him, and later committed suicide. In the weeks following his murder, Hartman was celebrated in a wave of tributes. Dan Snierson of Entertainment Weekly opined that he was "the last person you'd expect to read about in lurid headlines in your morning paper ... a decidedly regular guy, beloved by everyone he worked with". He was posthumously inducted into the Canada and Hollywood Walks of Fame in 2012 and 2014, respectively.
Hartman was born Philip Edward Hartmann (later dropping one "n") on September 24, 1948, in Brantford, Ontario. He was the fourth of eight children of Doris Marguerite (née Wardell; July 17, 1919 – April 15, 2001) and Rupert Loebig Hartmann (November 8, 1914 – April 30, 1998), a salesman specializing in building materials. His parents were Catholic and raised their children in the faith. As a child, Hartman found affection hard to earn: "I suppose I didn't get what I wanted out of my family life, so I started seeking love and attention elsewhere."
Hartman was 10 years old when his family moved to the United States. The family first lived in Lewiston, Maine, then Meriden, Connecticut, and then the West Coast. There, he attended Westchester High School and frequently acted as the class clown. After graduating, he studied art at Santa Monica City College, dropping out in 1969 to become a roadie with a rock band. He returned to school in 1972, this time studying graphic arts at California State University, Northridge. He developed and operated his own graphic art business, creating more than 40 album covers for bands including Poco and America, as well as advertising and the logo for Crosby, Stills & Nash. In the late 1970s, Hartman made his first television appearance on an episode of The Dating Game, where he won.
Early career (1975–1985)
Working alone as a graphic artist, Hartman frequently amused himself with "flights of voice fantasies". In 1975, seeking a more social outlet for his talents, he began to attend evening comedy classes run by the California-based improvisational comedy group The Groundlings. While watching one of the troupe's performances, he impulsively decided to climb on stage and join the cast. His first onscreen appearance was in 1978's Stunt Rock, an Australian film directed in Los Angeles by Brian Trenchard-Smith. After several years of training, paying his way by redesigning the group's logo and merchandise, Hartman formally joined the cast of The Groundlings and by 1979 had become one of the show's stars.
At The Groundlings, Hartman befriended Paul Reubens, often collaborating on writing and comedic material. Together they created the character Pee-wee Herman and developed The Pee-wee Herman Show, a live stage performance which also aired on HBO in 1981. Hartman played Captain Carl on The Pee-wee Herman Show and returned in the role for the children's show Pee-wee's Playhouse. Reubens and Hartman made cameos in the 1980 film Cheech & Chong's Next Movie. Hartman co-wrote the script of the 1985 feature film Pee-wee's Big Adventure and had a cameo role as a reporter in the film. Although he had considered quitting acting at the age of 36 due to limited opportunities, the success of Pee-wee's Big Adventure brought new possibilities and changed his mind. After a creative disagreement with Reubens, Hartman left the Pee-Wee Herman project to pursue other roles.
Hartman took more small roles in 1986 films such as Jumpin' Jack Flash and Three Amigos. He also worked as a voice actor in animated television programs, including The Smurfs, Challenge of the GoBots, The 13 Ghosts of Scooby-Doo and Dennis the Menace, as characters Henry Mitchell and George Wilson. He developed a strong persona providing voice-overs for advertisements.
Saturday Night Live (1986–1994)
As an actor, I felt I couldn't compete. I wasn't as cute as the leading man; I wasn't as brilliant as Robin Williams. The one thing I could do was voices and impersonations and weird characters, [and] there was really no call for that. Except on Saturday Night Live.
— Hartman on his acting skills
Hartman successfully auditioned to join NBC's variety show Saturday Night Live (SNL) in its 12th season, which began on October 11, 1986. He had been recommended for the show by fellow Groundlings and SNL cast members Jon Lovitz, and Laraine Newman as well as Jumpin' Jack Flash director Penny Marshall. He told the Los Angeles Times, "I wanted to do [SNL] because I wanted to get the exposure that would give me box-office credibility so I can write movies for myself." In his eight seasons with the show Hartman became known for his impressions, and performed as over 70 different characters. Hartman's original SNL characters include Eugene, the Anal Retentive Chef and Unfrozen Caveman Lawyer. His impressions include Frank Sinatra, Ronald Reagan, Ed McMahon, Barbara Bush, Charlton Heston, Phil Donahue, and Bill Clinton—the latter considered his best-known impression.
Hartman first performed his Clinton impression on an episode of The Tonight Show. When he met Clinton in 1993, Hartman remarked, "I guess I owe you a few apologies", adding later that he "sometimes [felt] a twinge of guilt about [his Clinton impression]". Clinton showed good humor and sent Hartman a signed photo with the text: "You're not the president, but you play one on TV. And you're OK, mostly." Hartman copied the president's "post-nasal drip" and the "slight scratchiness" in his voice, as well as his open, "less intimidating" hand gestures. Hartman opted against wearing a larger prosthetic nose when portraying Clinton, as he thought it would be distracting. He instead wore a wig, dyed his eyebrows brighter, and used makeup to highlight his nose. In one of Hartman's sketches as Clinton, the president visits a McDonald's restaurant and explains his economic policies in the metaphor of eating other customers' food. The writers told him that he was not eating enough during rehearsals for the sketch – by the end of the live performance, Hartman had eaten so much he could barely speak.
At SNL, Hartman's nickname of "Glue" was coined by Adam Sandler according to Jay Mohr's book Gasping for Airtime. However, according to You Might Remember Me: The Life and Times of Phil Hartman by Mike Thomas, author and staff writer for the Chicago Sun-Times, the nickname was created by SNL cast member and Hartman's frequent on-screen collaborator Jan Hooks. Hartman was very helpful to other cast members. For example, he aided Hooks in overcoming her stage fright. SNL creator Lorne Michaels explained the name: "He kind of held the show together. He gave to everybody and demanded very little. He was very low-maintenance." Michaels also added that Hartman was "the least appreciated" cast member by commentators outside the show, and praised his ability "to do five or six parts in a show where you're playing support or you're doing remarkable character work". Hartman won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Writing for a Variety, Music or Comedy Program for SNL in 1989, sharing the award with the show's other writers. He was nominated in the same category in 1987, and individually in 1994 for Outstanding Individual Performance in a Variety or Music Program.
By 1993, almost every cast member who was there during Hartman's first year on SNL had left the show, including Jon Lovitz, Jan Hooks and Dana Carvey. Hartman said he felt "like an athlete who's watched all his World Series teammates get traded off into other directions ... It was hard to watch them leave because I sort of felt we were all part of the team that saved the show." This cast turnover contributed to his leaving the show in 1994. Hartman said he thought it was time to leave because the show was "getting less sophisticated" and his style of humor didn't fit with the less intellectual comedy of newer cast members like Adam Sandler. Hartman had originally planned to leave the show in 1991, but Michaels convinced him to stay to raise his profile; his portrayal of Clinton contributed to this goal. Jay Leno offered him the role of his sidekick on The Tonight Show but Hartman opted to stay on SNL. NBC persuaded him to stay on SNL by promising him his own comedy–variety show The Phil Show. He planned to "reinvent the variety form" with "a hybrid, very fast-paced, high energy [show] with sketches, impersonations, pet acts, and performers showcasing their talents". Hartman was to be the show's executive producer and head writer. Before production began, however, the network decided that variety shows were too unpopular and canceled the series. In a 1996 interview, Hartman noted he was glad, as he "would've been sweatin' blood each week trying to make it work". In 1998, he admitted he missed working on SNL, but had enjoyed the move from New York City to Southern California.
Hartman became one of the stars of the NBC sitcom NewsRadio in 1995, portraying radio news anchor Bill McNeal. He signed up after being attracted by the show's writing and use of an ensemble cast, and joked that he based McNeal on himself with "any ethics and character" removed. Hartman made roughly US$50,000 (equivalent to $84,920 in 2020) per episode of NewsRadio. Although the show was critically acclaimed, it was never a ratings hit and cancellation was a regular threat. After the completion of the fourth season, Hartman commented, "We seem to have limited appeal. We're on the edge here, not sure we're going to be picked up or not", but added he was "99 percent sure" the series would be renewed for a fifth season. Hartman had publicly lambasted NBC's decision to repeatedly move NewsRadio into different timeslots, but later regretted his comments, saying, "this is a sitcom, for crying out loud, not brain surgery". He also stated that if the sitcom were cancelled "it just will open up other opportunities for me". Although the show was renewed for a fifth season, Hartman died before production began. Ken Tucker praised Hartman's performance as McNeal: "A lesser performer ... would have played him as a variation on The Mary Tyler Moore Show's Ted Baxter, because that's what Bill was, on paper. But Hartman gave infinite variety to Bill's self-centeredness, turning him devious, cowardly, squeamish, and foolishly bold from week to week." Hartman was posthumously nominated for the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series in 1998 for his work on NewsRadio, but lost to David Hyde Pierce.
The Simpsons (1991–1998)
Hartman provided the voices for numerous characters on the Fox animated series The Simpsons, appearing in 52 episodes. He made his first appearance in the second season episode "Bart Gets Hit by a Car". Although he was originally brought in for a one-time appearance, Hartman enjoyed working on The Simpsons and the staff wrote additional parts for him. He voiced the recurring characters Lionel Hutz and Troy McClure, as well as Duff man one time and background characters. His favorite part was that of McClure, and he often used this voice to entertain the audience between takes while taping episodes of NewsRadio. He remarked, "My favorite fans are Troy McClure fans." He added "It's the one thing that I do in my life that's almost an avocation. I do it for the pure love of it."
Hartman was popular among the staff of The Simpsons. Showrunners Bill Oakley and Josh Weinstein said they enjoyed his work, and used him as much as possible when working on the show. To give Hartman a larger role, they developed the episode "A Fish Called Selma", which focuses on Troy McClure and expands the character's backstory. The Simpsons creator Matt Groening said that he "took [Hartman] for granted because he nailed the joke every time", and that his voice acting could produce "the maximum amount of humor" with any line he was given. Before his death, Hartman had expressed an interest in making a live action film about Troy McClure. Many of The Simpsons production staff expressed enthusiasm for the project and offered to help. Hartman said he was "looking forward to [McClure's] live-action movie, publicizing his Betty Ford appearances", and "would love nothing more" than making a film and was prepared to buy the film rights himself in order to make it happen.
Hartman's first starring film role came in 1995's Houseguest, alongside Sinbad. Other films include Greedy, Coneheads, Sgt. Bilko, So I Married an Axe Murderer, CB4, Jingle All the Way, Kiki's Delivery Service, and Small Soldiers, the latter of which is his final theatrically released film. At the same time, he preferred working on television. His other television roles include appearances on episodes of The John Larroquette Show, The Dana Carvey Show, 3rd Rock from the Sun, and the HBO TV film The Second Civil War as the President of the United States. He made a considerable amount of money from television advertising, earning $300,000 for a series of four commercials for the soft drink Slice. He also appeared in advertisements for McDonald's (as Hugh McAttack) and 1-800-Collect (as Max Jerome).
Hartman wrote a number of screenplays that were never produced. In 1986, he began writing a screenplay for a film titled Mr. Fix-It, and completed the final draft in 1991. Robert Zemeckis was signed to produce the film, with Gil Bettman hired to direct. Hartman called it "a sort of a merger of horror and comedy, like Beetlejuice and Throw Momma From the Train", adding, "It's an American nightmare about a family torn asunder. They live next to a toxic dump site, their water supply is poisoned, the mother and son go insane and try to murder each other, the father's face is torn off in a terrible disfiguring accident in the first act. It's heavy stuff, but it's got a good message and a positive, upbeat ending." Zemeckis could not secure studio backing, however, and the project collapsed. Another film idea involving Hartman's Groundlings character Chick Hazard, Private Eye was also canceled.
Clean and unassuming, he had such a casual, no-nonsense way about him. It was that quality that we all find so hilarious, his delightful ability to poke fun at himself and at life with a tongue-in-cheek attitude comparable to, say, Tim Conway or Mel Brooks or Carol Burnett.
In contrast to his real-life personality, which was described as "a regular guy and, by all accounts, one of show business's most low-key, decent people", Hartman often played seedy, vain or unpleasant characters as well as comedic villains. He described his standard character repertoire as the "jerky guy" and "the weasel parade", citing Lionel Hutz, Bill McNeal, Troy McClure, and Ted Maltin from Jingle All the Way as examples. Hartman enjoyed playing such roles because he "just want[ed] to be funny, and villains tend to be funny because their foibles are all there to see".
He often played supporting roles, rather than the lead part. He said "throughout my career, I've never been a huge star, but I've made steady progress and that's the way I like it", and "It's fun coming in as the second or third lead. If the movie or TV show bombs, you aren't to blame." Hartman was considered a "utility player" on SNL with a "kind of Everyman quality" which enabled him to appear in the majority of sketches, often in very distinct roles. Jan Hooks stated of his work on SNL: "Phil never had an ounce of competition. He was a team player. It was a privilege for him, I believe, to play support and do it very well. He was never insulted, no matter how small the role may have been." He was disciplined in his performances, studying the scripts beforehand. Hooks added: "Phil knew how to listen. And he knew how to look you in the eye, and he knew the power of being able to lay back and let somebody else be funny, and then do the reactions. I think Phil was more of an actor than a comedian." Film critic Pauline Kael declared that "Phil Hartman and Jan Hooks on Saturday Night Live are two of the best comic actors I've ever seen."
Writer and acting coach Paul Ryan noted Hartman's work ethic with his impressions. He assembled a collection of video footage of the figure he was preparing to impersonate and watched this continually until he "completely embodied the person". Ryan concluded that "what made [Hartman's impressions] so funny and spot on was Phil's ability to add that perfect touch that only comes from trial and error and practicing in front of audiences and fellow actors." Hartman described this process as "technical". Journalist Lyle V. Harris said Hartman showed a "rare talent for morphing into ... anybody he wanted to be".
Ken Tucker summarized Hartman's comedic style: "He could momentarily fool audiences into thinking he was the straight man, but then he'd cock an eyebrow and give his voice an ironic lilt that delivered a punchline like a fast slider—you barely saw it coming until you started laughing." Hartman claimed that he borrowed his style from actor Bill Murray: "He's been a great influence on me – when he did that smarmy thing in Ghostbusters, then the same sort of thing in Groundhog Day. I tried to imitate it. I couldn't. I wasn't good enough. But I discovered an element of something else, so in a sick kind of way I made myself a career by doing a bad imitation of another comic."
Hartman married Gretchen Lewis in 1970 and they divorced in September 1972. He married real estate agent Lisa Strain in 1982, and their marriage lasted three years. Strain told People magazine that Hartman was reclusive off screen and "would disappear emotionally ... he'd be in his own world. That passivity made you crazy." In 1987, Hartman married former model and aspiring actress Brynn Omdahl (born Vicki Jo Omdahl, April 11, 1958 – May 28, 1998), having met her on a blind date the previous year. They had two children, Sean and Birgen Hartman. The marriage had difficulties; she was reportedly intimidated by his success and was frustrated that she could not find any on her own, although neither party wanted a divorce. She was reported to have been jealous and often verbally and/or physically abusive, even sending a letter to his ex-wife, threatening to "rip [Strain's] eyes out" if she spoke to him again. Hartman considered retiring to save the marriage.
Hartman tried to get Brynn acting roles, but she became progressively reliant on alcohol and narcotics, entering rehab several times. On multiple occasions, he had to remove their children from the household to stay with friends or family because of her drug- and alcohol-fueled outbursts. Because of his close friendship with SNL associate Jan Hooks, Brynn joked on occasion that Hooks and Hartman were married "on some other level". Brynn had written threatening letters addressed to Hooks, warning her to not get close to her husband, but they appeared to have never even been sent, being discovered in her belongings following her death.
Stephen Root, Hartman's NewsRadio co-star, said that few people knew "the real Phil Hartman", as he was "one of those people who never seemed to come out of character", but he nevertheless gave the impression of a family man who cared deeply for his children.
Hartman stated in 1997 that, though a non-practicing Catholic, he displayed a sense of religiousness. In his spare time, he enjoyed driving, flying, sailing, marksmanship, and playing the guitar.
On May 27, 1998, Brynn visited the Italian restaurant Buca di Beppo in Encino, California, with producer and writer Christine Zander, who said Hartman was "in a good frame of mind". The women both had drinks. After returning home, Brynn had a "heated" argument with Phil, after which he went to bed. She entered his bedroom some time before 3:00 a.m. PDT on May 28, 1998, and fatally shot him once between the eyes, once in the throat, and once in the upper chest with a Charter Arms .38 caliber handgun as he slept. He was 49 years old. She was taking Zoloft, had been drinking alcohol, and had recently used cocaine.
Brynn drove to the home of her friend Ron Douglas and confessed to the killing, but initially he did not believe her. The pair drove back to the house in separate cars, and she called another friend and confessed a second time. Upon seeing Hartman's body, Douglas called 9-1-1 at 6:20 a.m. Police arrived and escorted Douglas and the Hartmans' two children from the premises, by which time Brynn had locked herself in the bedroom. Shortly afterward, she committed suicide by a self-inflicted gunshot.
The police stated Hartman's death was caused by "domestic discord" between the couple. A friend said that Brynn "had trouble controlling her anger ... She got attention by losing her temper". A neighbor of the Hartmans told a CNN reporter that the couple had marital problems. Yet actor Steve Guttenberg said they had been "a very happy couple, and they always had the appearance of being well-balanced".
A wrongful death lawsuit was filed in 1999 by her brother Gregory Omdahl, against Pfizer, the manufacturer of Zoloft, and against her child's psychiatrist, Arthur Sorosky, who had provided samples of the antidepressant to Brynn. Phil Hartman's friend and former SNL colleague Jon Lovitz has accused Hartman's then NewsRadio co-star Andy Dick of reintroducing Brynn to cocaine, causing her to relapse and suffer a nervous breakdown. Dick claims to have known nothing of her condition. Lovitz later said that he no longer blamed Dick for Hartman's murder, but in 2006, Lovitz claimed that Dick had approached him at a restaurant and said, "I put the Phil Hartman hex on you; you're the next one to die." Lovitz then had him ejected from the restaurant. The following year at the Laugh Factory comedy club in Los Angeles, Lovitz and Dick had another argument, with Lovitz slamming Dick's head into the bar. Dick asserted that he was not at fault in relation to Hartman's death.
Brynn's sister Katharine Omdahl and brother-in-law Mike Wright raised the two Hartman children. Hartman's will stipulated that each child would inherit money over several years after turning 25. The total value of Hartman's estate was estimated at $1.23 million. In accordance with his wishes, his body was cremated by Forest Lawn Memorial Park and Mortuary, Glendale, California, and his ashes scattered over Santa Catalina Island's Emerald Bay.
Response and legacy
NBC executive Don Ohlmeyer stated that Hartman "was blessed with a tremendous gift for creating characters that made people laugh. Everyone who had the pleasure of working with Phil knows that he was a man of tremendous warmth, a true professional and a loyal friend." Guttenberg expressed shock at Hartman's death, and Steve Martin said he was "a deeply funny and very happy person". Matt Groening called him "a master", and director Joe Dante said, "He was one of those guys who was a dream to work with. I don't know anybody who didn't like him." Dan Snierson of Entertainment Weekly concluded that Hartman was "the last person you'd expect to read about in lurid headlines in your morning paper" and "a decidedly regular guy, beloved by everyone he worked with". In 2007, Entertainment Weekly ranked Hartman the 87th greatest television icon of all time, and Maxim named him the top Saturday Night Live performer of all time.
On the day of Hartman's death, rehearsals for The Simpsons were canceled as well as that night's performance by The Groundlings. The season five premiere episode of NewsRadio, "Bill Moves On", finds Hartman's character, Bill McNeal, has died of a heart attack, while the other characters reminisce about his life. Lovitz joined the show in his place beginning with the next episode. A special episode of Saturday Night Live commemorating Hartman's work on the show aired on June 13, 1998. Rather than substituting another voice actor, the writers of The Simpsons retired Hartman's characters. His final appearance on the show, the season ten episode "Bart the Mother", is dedicated to him, as is his final film, Small Soldiers.
At the time of his death, Hartman was preparing to voice Zapp Brannigan, a character written specifically for him on Groening's second animated series Futurama. Even though the role was specifically made for him, Hartman still insisted on auditioning and Groening said he "nailed it". After Hartman's death, Billy West took over the role. Though executive producer David X. Cohen credits West with using his own take on the character, West later said that he purposely tweaked Zapp's voice to better match Hartman's intended portrayal. Hartman was planning to appear with Lovitz in the indie film The Day of Swine and Roses, scheduled to begin production in August 1998.
Laugh.com and Hartman's brother John published the album Flat TV in 2002, a selection of comedy sketches recorded by Hartman in the 1970s that had been kept in storage. John Hartmann commented: "I'm putting this out there because I'm dedicating my life to fulfilling his dreams. This [album] is my brother doing what he loved." In 2013, Flat TV was optioned by Michael "Ffish" Hemschoot's animation company Worker Studio for an animated adaptation. The deal came about after Michael T. Scott, a partner in the company, posted online a hand-written letter he had received from Hartman in 1997, leading to a correspondence between Scott and Paul Hartmann.
In 2007, a campaign was started on Facebook by Alex Stevens and endorsed by Hartman's brother Paul, to have Phil inducted to Canada's Walk of Fame. Among the campaign's numerous publicity events, Ben Miner of the Sirius XM Radio channel Laugh Attack, dedicated the month of April 2012 to Hartman. The campaign ended in success and Hartman was inducted to the Walk of Fame on September 22, 2012, with Paul accepting the award on his late brother's behalf. Hartman was also awarded the Cineplex Legends Award. In June 2013, it was announced that Hartman would receive a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, which was unveiled on August 26, 2014. Additionally, a special prize at the Canadian Comedy Awards was named for Hartman. Beginning with the 13th Canadian Comedy Awards in 2012, the Phil Hartman Award was awarded to "an individual who helps to better the Canadian comedy community". In 2015, Rolling Stone magazine ranked Hartman as one of the top-ten greatest Saturday Night Live cast members throughout the show's forty-year history, coming in seventh on their list of all 141 members.
|1980||The Gong Show Movie||Man at airport with gun||Credited as Phil Hartmann|||
|Cheech & Chong's Next Movie||Actor being filmed in the background|||
|1982||Pandemonium||Reporter||Credited as Phil Hartmann|||
|1984||Weekend Pass||Joe Chicago|||
|1985||Pee-wee's Big Adventure||Reporter / Rodeo announcer||Also co-writer|||
|Jumpin' Jack Flash||Fred||Credited as Phil E. Hartmann|||
|Three Amigos!||Sam||Credited as Philip E. Hartmann|||
|1987||Blind Date||Ted Davis|||
|The Brave Little Toaster||Jack Nicholson Air conditioner / Peter Lorre Hanging lamp (voice role)||Uncredited as AC|||
|Amazon Women on the Moon||Baseball announcer (voice)|||
|1989||Fletch Lives||Bly manager|||
|How I Got Into College||Bennedict|
|1990||Quick Change||Hal Edison|
|1993||Loaded Weapon 1||Officer Davis|||
|So I Married an Axe Murderer||John "Vicky" Johnson|||
|The Pagemaster||Tom Morgan (voice)|
|1995||The Crazysitter||The Salesman|||
|Stuart Saves His Family||Announcer||Uncredited|
|1996||Sgt. Bilko||Major Colin Thorn|||
|Jingle All the Way||Ted Maltin|||
|1998||Kiki's Delivery Service||Jiji||English dub;
|Small Soldiers||Phil Fimple||Posthumously released|||
|Buster & Chauncey's Silent Night||Chauncey||Direct-to-video;
(final film role)
|1979||Scooby-Doo and Scrappy-Doo||Additional voices|||
|1980||The Six O'Clock Follies||Unnamed role|||
|1981||The Pee-wee Herman Show||Captain Carl / Monsieur LeCroc||Television special; also writer|||
|The Smurfs||Additional voices|||
|1983||The Pop 'N Rocker Game||Announcer|
|The Dukes||Various voices||7 episodes|||
|1984||Challenge of the GoBots||Additional voices|||
|Magnum, P.I.||Newsreader||Episode: "The Legacy of Garwood Huddle"|||
|1985||Sara||Drake||Episode: "27 Candles"|
|The 13 Ghosts of Scooby-Doo||Additional voice||Episode: "It's a Wonderful Scoob"|||
|The Jetsons||School Patrol robots / Executive Vice-President||Voices; Episode: "Boy George"|||
|1986||Dennis the Menace||Henry Mitchell / George Wilson / Various voices|||
|Pee-wee's Playhouse||Captain Carl||6 episodes|||
|1986–1994||Saturday Night Live||Various characters||155 episodes; also writer|||
|1987||DuckTales||Captain Frye||Voice; Episode: "Scrooge's Pet"|||
|1988||Fantastic Max||Additional voices|
|1990||Bill and Ted's Excellent Adventures||Additional voices||Episode: "One Sweet and Sour Chinese Adventure to Go"|
|On the Television||Various characters||Episode: "M. Superior"|
|TaleSpin||Ace London||Voice; Episode: "Mach One for the Gipper"|||
|Gravedale High||Billy Headstone||Voice; Episode: ″Cleo's Pen Pal″|
|Tiny Toon Adventures||Octavius||Voice; Episode: "Whale's Tales"|||
|1991||Captain Planet and the Planeteers||Dimitri the Russian Ambassador / TV Reporter||Voices; Episode: "Mind Pollution"|||
|Empty Nest||Tim Cornell||Episode: "Guess Who's Coming to Dinner?"|||
|Darkwing Duck||Paddywhack||Voice; Episode: "The Haunting of Mr. Banana Brain"|||
|One Special Victory||Mike Rutten||Television film|
|1991–1998||The Simpsons||Troy McClure / Lionel Hutz / Various others||52 episodes|||
|1991–1993||Tom & Jerry Kids||Calaboose Cal (voice)|||
|1992||Fish Police||Inspector C. Bass (voice)||Episode: "A Fish Out of Water"|
|Parker Lewis Can't Lose||Phil Diamond||Episode: "Lewis and Son"|
|Eek! The Cat||Monkeynaut #1 / Psycho Bunny (voices)||2 episodes|||
|1993||Daybreak||Man in abstinence commercial||Uncredited
|Animaniacs||Dan Anchorman (voice)||Episode: "Broadcast Nuisance"|||
|The Twelve Days of Christmas||Additional voice||Television film|
|The Larry Sanders Show||Himself||Episode: "The Stalker"|||
|1994||How the Grinch Stole Christmas! Special Edition||Host||TV Short|||
|The Critic||Various voices||Episode: "Eyes on the Prize"|||
|1995||The Show Formerly Known as the Martin Short Show||Various characters||Television special|||
|The John Larroquette Show||Otto Friedling||Episode: "A Moveable Feast"|||
|Night Stand with Dick Dietrick||Gunther Johann||Episode: "Illegal Alien Star Search"|
|1995–1998||NewsRadio||Bill McNeal||75 episodes|||
|1996||The Dana Carvey Show||Larry King||Episode: "The Mountain Dew Dana Carvey Show"|||
|Caroline in the City||Host||Uncredited
Episode: "Caroline and the Letter"
|Gargoyles||Poacher #1 (voice)||Episode: "Mark of the Panther"|
|The Ren & Stimpy Show||Announcer On Russian filmreel / Sid the Clown (voice)||2 episodes|||
|Seinfeld||Man on phone (voice)||Uncredited
Episode: "The Package"
|Saturday Night Live||Himself (host) / various roles||2 episodes|||
|1996, 1998||3rd Rock from the Sun||Phillip / Randy||2 episodes|||
|1997||The Second Civil War||President of the United States||Television film|||
|1999||Happily Ever After: Fairy Tales for Every Child||Game show host (voice)||Episode: "The Empress's Nightingale"
Posthumously aired (final appearance)
|1997||Virtual Springfield||Troy McClure |
Theme park attractions
|1995||ExtraTERRORestrial Alien Encounter||T.O.M. 2000|
|1998||The Enchanted Tiki Room (Under New Management)||Morris|
- America, Harbor
- America, Silent Letter
- Poco, Legend
- Snierson, Dan (June 12, 1998). "Man Of A Thousand Voices". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on October 30, 2014. Retrieved October 12, 2008.
- "Profile: Phil Hartman". CBS News. May 28, 1998. Archived from the original on April 16, 2009. Retrieved October 19, 2008.
- Parish, James Robert (2004). The Hollywood Book of Scandals: The Shocking, Often Disgraceful Deeds and Affairs of More Than 100 American Movie and TV Idols. McGraw-Hill Professional. pp. 212–213. ISBN 0-07-142189-0.
- V. Harris, Lyle (May 29, 1998). "Phil Hartman: An appreciation – he became anybody he wanted". The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. p. F01.
- U.S., Social Security Death Index, 1935–2014
- World Archipelago. "Book excerpt". macmillan.com. Archived from the original on February 16, 2018. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
- Tresniowski, Alex (June 15, 1998). "Beneath the Surface". People. 49 (23). Retrieved August 25, 2021.
- Knutzen, Eirik (June 29, 1997). "TV book". Boston Herald. p. TV 11.
- Mashberg, Tom (November 29, 1992). "As Clinton goes, so goes Phil Hartman". The Boston Globe.
- Rice, Darcy (August 1996). "100 Flavors of Vanilla". Orange Coast Magazine. pp. 34–40.
- "Phil: The Jerky Guy". Canoe. December 1, 1996. Archived from the original on July 11, 2012. Retrieved August 4, 2008.
- Rosenthal, Phil (November 23, 1993). "'SNL's' Grand Old Man—With Friends Gone, Hartman Prepares To Make His Exit". Los Angeles Daily News. p. L1.
- "Stunt Rock - 2-Disc Special Edition". dvdtalk.com. Archived from the original on November 18, 2018. A young Phil Hartman cameos, part of a larger group of Groundlings cadets that filled in as extras
- Short, Christopher (July 11, 2006). "Playhouse Party – Cartoon Network reanimates Pee-wee Herman Hartman then co-wrote the script of the 1985 feature film". The Gazette. p. Life 1.
- Thomas, Bob (August 22, 1995). "'No spikes, no sudden downfalls': Slow and steady wins the race for Phil Hartman". The Hamilton Spectator. p. D3.
- "Four New Faces on 'Saturday Night'". Los Angeles Times. September 30, 1986. p. 44.
- Rohan, Virginia (February 24, 1998). "Out of the Bottle—Along With Many Amusing Characters, Phil Hartman of 'Newsradio' Unleashes the Rare Exception". The Record. p. Y-01.
- Strickler, Jeff (November 26, 1996). "Nice guy Phil Hartman loves playing weasels". Star Tribune. p. 01E.
- Carter, Bill (October 7, 1998). "A Hard Job to Accept: A Slain Buddy's Show". The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 27, 2015.
- Cagle, Jess (March 11, 1994). "Merry Hartman, Merry Hartman". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on October 26, 2015.
- Freeman, John (March 8, 1996). "'NewsRadio's' McNeal livin' it up as despicable cad". San Diego Union-Tribune. p. E-1.
- Bark, Ed (May 29, 1998). "Hartman was actor who put on many faces—Impersonation of Clinton among most memorable". The Dallas Morning News. p. 25A.
- Reimink, Troy (October 18, 2008). "Political impersonations always a hit on 'Saturday Night Live'". The Grand Rapids Press. p. A2.
- Mohr, Jay (2004). Gasping for Airtime. Hyperion. p. 164. ISBN 1-4013-0006-5.
- Thomas 2014, p. 1.
- Bianculli, David (June 12, 1998). "'SNL' Co-Star Remembers Her Hartman". New York Daily News. Archived from the original on November 13, 2010. Retrieved October 12, 2008.
- "Primetime Emmy Awards Advanced Search". Emmys.org. Archived from the original on September 4, 2013. Retrieved October 31, 2008.
- Hartmann, John (February 20, 2003). "Interview". Larry King Live (Interview). Interviewed by Larry King. Los Angeles, California: CNN.
- Boss, Kitt (October 1, 1992). "Phil Hartman Makes Like A Primo Pitchman". The Seattle Times. Archived from the original on July 12, 2015. Retrieved January 28, 2010.
- Tribune Media Services (July 31, 1994). "Hartman's Departure Spawns Variety Show". Sun-Sentinel. p. 10.
- McDaniel, Mike (August 11, 1998). "Good News/Phil Hartman brings back the Titanic on 'NewsRadio'". Houston Chronicle. p. 1.
- Rohan, Virginia (September 23, 1998). "Tributes To A Star And His Voices". The Record. p. Y8.
- Tucker, Ken (May 29, 1998). "Hartman Remembered". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on October 12, 2008. Retrieved October 28, 2008.
- Millman, Joyce (June 23, 1998). "Blue glow". Salon.com. Archived from the original on July 28, 2009. Retrieved June 22, 2007.
- Groening, Matt; Brooks, James L.; Jean, Al; Cartwright, Nancy. (2003). Commentary for "Bart the Murderer", in The Simpsons: The Complete Third Season [DVD]. 20th Century Fox.
- "No raise ... no big deal". Houston Chronicle. May 11, 1998. p. 1.
- Weinstein, Josh; Oakley, Bill; Silverman, David; Goldblum, Jeff. (2006). Commentary for "A Fish Called Selma", in The Simpsons: The Complete Seventh Season [DVD]. 20th Century Fox
- Groening, Matt (December 29, 2004). "Fresh Air". National Public Radio (Interview). Interviewed by Terry Gross. Philadelphia: WHYY-FM. Archived from the original on June 10, 2007. Retrieved November 9, 2008.
- Oakley, Bill. (2006). Commentary for "Homerpalooza", in The Simpsons: The Complete Seventh Season [DVD]. 20th Century Fox
- Vancheri, Barbara (May 29, 1994). "Hartman, Sinbad Play it for Laughs in 'Houseguest'". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. p. C-14.
- "Phil Hartman Filmography". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. 2008. Archived from the original on April 17, 2008. Retrieved August 16, 2010.
- Philpot, Robert (December 6, 1998). "1998's top closing moments". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. p. Arts 1.
- Millman, Joyce (May 28, 1998). "Phil Hartman 1948–1998". Salon.com. Archived from the original on June 4, 2011.
- "'SNL' Co-star Looking For Studio". Tribune Media Services. October 9, 1991. p. 5E.
- Cartwright, Nancy (2000). My Life as a 10-Year-Old Boy. New York City: Hyperion. p. 71. ISBN 0-7868-8600-5.
- Kushman, Rick (May 29, 1998). "His Intellect, Humanity Set Hartman Apart". Sacramento Bee. p. A18.
- Brantley, Will, ed. (1996). Conversations with Pauline Kael. University Press of Mississippi. p. 137. ISBN 0-87805-899-0.
- Ryan, Paul (2007). The Art of Comedy: Getting Serious About Being Funny. Watson-Guptill. p. 168. ISBN 978-0-8230-8467-8.
- Harris, Lyle V. (May 30, 1998). "Whatever the role, he made it funny: Phil Hartman 1948–1998". The Hamilton Spectator. p. W11.
- Basilan, Rebelander (May 4, 2020). "Inside Phil Hartman's All-Too-Brief and Incredibly Tragic Life". news.amomama.com. Retrieved August 30, 2021.
- Thompson, Valerie (September 20, 2019). "Brynn Hartman: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know". Archived from the original on November 8, 2019. Retrieved November 8, 2019.
- Snauffer, Douglas (2008). The Show Must Go On: How the Deaths of Lead Actors Have Affected Television Series. McFarland. p. 162. ISBN 978-0-7864-3295-0.
- Pattison, Mark (September 2, 2015). "Rembering Phil Hartman". Archived from the original on July 20, 2020. Retrieved July 20, 2020.
- "Coroner: Hartman's wife on drugs, drunk". CNN. June 8, 1998. Retrieved August 25, 2021.
- "Police say Hartman's wife told friends about shooting". CNN. June 2, 1998. Archived from the original on August 27, 2001. Retrieved June 22, 2007.
- "Phil Hartman, wife die in apparent murder–suicide". CNN. May 28, 1998. Archived from the original on May 11, 2007. Retrieved May 25, 2007.
- "Police: 'Domestic discord' behind Hartman slayings". CNN. May 28, 1998. Archived from the original on May 27, 2005. Retrieved June 22, 2007.
- "Hartman's friends, fans ask: 'What went wrong?'". CNN. May 29, 1998. Archived from the original on October 12, 2007. Retrieved August 16, 2007.
- "Makers of Antidepressant Sued In Hartman Deaths". The Times Union. May 29, 1999. p. A2.
- Dick, Andy (July 23, 2007). "Interview". Tom Green's House Tonight (Interview). Interviewed by Tom Green. TomGreen.com.
- "'Hartman Hex' Led to Lovitz-Dick Dustup". CBS News. July 18, 2007. Archived from the original on September 28, 2010. Retrieved August 24, 2010.
- Lovitz, Jon (July 20, 2007). "Interview". Larry King Live (Interview). Interviewed by Larry King. Los Angeles, California: CNN.
- "Family members hold private memorial for Hartmans". CNN. June 5, 1998. Archived from the original on August 29, 2013. Retrieved November 1, 2008.
- "Greatest TV Icons: Nos. 100–51". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved December 19, 2007.
- "The Best Saturday Night Live Performers". Maxim. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved December 19, 2007.
- "SNL Salutes Hartman". The Plain Dealer. June 13, 1998. p. 3E.
- Bhob Stewart (2013). "Small Soldiers (1998)". Movies & TV Dept. The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 1, 2014. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
- Keller, Joel (June 15, 2006). "Billy West: The TV Squad Interview". TV Squad. Archived from the original on July 12, 2015. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
- David X. Cohen; Matt Groening (2002). Commentary for "Love's Labors Lost in Space", in Futurama: Season 1 [DVD]. 20th Century Fox
- "Hartman's brother releases posthumous CD". The Hamilton Spectator. Associated Press. December 13, 2002. p. D06.
- Adams, Erik. "Phil Hartman's Flat TV lets the late comic performer voice one final cartoon". Onion Inc. Archived from the original on June 6, 2013. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
- Worker Studio. "Phil Hartman's Flat TV, Comedy Album In Development as Animated Film at Worker Studio". Worker Studio LLC. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved May 8, 2013.
- Cangialosi, Jason (July 29, 2013). "From Fan Letter to Feature Film: 'Phil Hartman's Flat TV'". Yahoo!. Archived from the original on December 4, 2013. Retrieved July 29, 2013.
- Gamble, Susan. "No star yet for Hartman". Brantford Expositor. Archived from the original on April 2, 2012. Retrieved August 4, 2010.
- Kaplan, Ben; Hartmann, Paul (March 26, 2010). "First Person: A brother's quest to enshrine Phil Hartman on Canada's Walk of Fame". National Post. Retrieved September 18, 2011.
- Wong, Tony (June 19, 2012). "Phil Hartman: Comedian gets a star on Canada's Walk of Fame". The Toronto Star. Archived from the original on April 17, 2021. Retrieved June 19, 2012.
- Patch, Nick (September 23, 2012). "Randy Bachman, Sarah McLachlan, Phil Hartman get stars on Canada's Walk of Fame". The Gazette. Retrieved September 23, 2012.[permanent dead link]
- Tepper, Allegra (June 20, 2013). "Walk of Fame Announces 2014 Honorees". Variety. Archived from the original on September 25, 2014. Retrieved August 20, 2014.
- "Hartman To Get Star On Hollywood Walk Of Fame". CBS. August 23, 2014. Archived from the original on August 12, 2015. Retrieved August 26, 2014.
- Phan, Rachel (June 7, 2012). "Cancelled series Michael: Tuesdays & Thursdays leads Canadian Comedy Awards nominees". National Post. Archived from the original on January 29, 2013. Retrieved June 8, 2012.
- "7. Phil Hartman". Rolling Stone. February 11, 2015. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved August 23, 2015.
- Thomas 2014, p. 74.
- Thomas 2014, p. 75.
- "Phil Hartman - Rotten Tomatoes". www.rottentomatoes.com. Retrieved June 13, 2021.
- "Weekend Pass", MUBI, retrieved August 26, 2021
- Thomas 2014, p. 115.
- Thomas 2014, p. 117.
- Thomas 2014, p. 135.
- Thomas 2014, p. 114.
- Thomas 2014, p. 147.
- Thomas 2014, p. 176.
- Thomas 2014, p. 191.
- Thomas 2014, p. 201.
- Thomas 2014, p. 232.
- Thomas 2014, p. 235.
- Thomas 2014, p. 233.
- "The Six O'Clock Follies with Laurence Fishburne & Phil Hartman - Sitcoms Online Photo Galleries". www.sitcomsonline.com. Retrieved August 24, 2021.
- Thomas 2014, p. 88.
- Gencarelli, Mike (May 14, 2014). "DVD Review "Challenge of the Gobots: The Series, Volume One"". MediaMikes. Retrieved August 24, 2021.
- "The Jetsons", Metacritic, retrieved August 24, 2021
- Thomas 2014, p. 118.
- Ritzen, Stacey (September 24, 2014). "All The Times You May Have Seen Or Heard Phil Hartman On TV As A Kid And Not Even Known It". UPROXX. Retrieved August 24, 2021.
- "Episode Guide: Season 3 – Empty Nest TV". Empty Nest TV. Retrieved August 24, 2021.
- Thomas 2014, p. 2.
- "The Larry Sanders Show: "The List"/"The Stalker"". The A.V. Club. Retrieved August 24, 2021.
- "Dr. Seuss' How the Grinch Stole Christmas/Horton Hears A Who!: Special Edition (1966)". www.dvdmg.com. Retrieved August 24, 2021.
- Ess, Ramsey (June 29, 2012). "Watching Steve Martin and Martin Short Reunite (Again) on 'The Martin Short Show'". Vulture. Retrieved August 24, 2021.
- Thomas 2014, p. 209.
- Thomas 2014, p. 208.
- Seinfeld Season 8: Notes About Nothing - "The Package" (DVD). Sony Pictures Home Entertainment. 2007.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Phil Hartman.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Phil Hartman|
- Phil Hartman at IMDb
- Phil Hartman at Yahoo! Movies
- Phil Hartman at The New York Times
- Hartman's autopsy and death certificate
- Phil Hartman's final night: The tragic death of a “Saturday Night Live” genius, Mike Thomas, Salon, September 21, 2014