Buan, Gwynedd

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Buan
Eglwys Buan Sant Boduan - geograph.org.uk - 618275.jpg
St Buan's Church in Boduan
Buan is located in Gwynedd
Buan
Buan
Buan shown within Gwynedd
Population 484 (2011)
OS grid reference SH3237
Community
  • Buan
Principal area
Ceremonial county
Country Wales
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town PWLLHELI
Postcode district LL53
Dialling code 01758
Police North Wales
Fire North Wales
Ambulance Welsh
EU Parliament Wales
UK Parliament
Welsh Assembly
List of places
UK
Wales
Gwynedd
52°54′40″N 4°29′31″W / 52.911°N 4.492°W / 52.911; -4.492Coordinates: 52°54′40″N 4°29′31″W / 52.911°N 4.492°W / 52.911; -4.492

Buan is a community in the Welsh county of Gwynedd, located on the Llŷn Peninsula. It includes the villages of Boduan and Rhydyclafdy, and has a population of 469,[1] increasing to 484 at the 2011 Census.

History[edit]

In 1870–72 the Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales by John Marius Wilson described Buan as:

BODVEAN, or Bodfaen, a parish in Pwllheli district, Carnarvon; 2½ miles SE of Nevin, and 4 WNW of Pwllheli r. station. It has a post office under Pwllheli. Acres, 2,572. Real property, £1,434. Pop., 382. Houses, 84. The property is divided between two. Bodvean Hall is the seat of Lord Newborough. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Bangor. Value, £198. Patron, the Bishop of Bangor. The church is modern, and has monuments of the Wynnes. There are a Calvinistic Methodist chapel, and a slightly endowed school.[2]

Geography and demographics[edit]

Buan is located in the south-western central part of Gwynedd on the Llŷn Peninsula, in North West Wales, and includes the villages of Boduan and Rhydyclafdy. The landscape is dominated by farms and woodland.[3] According to the 2011 census, the community of Buan had a population of 484 people (250 males and 234 females). In addition, there are 195 households in the community with a population density of 0.1 per hectare.[4] Buan is situated near the Corn Bodvean hill, and its nearest town is Nefyn which is located approximately 1-mile (1.6 km) south of the community.[5] Christianity was the majority religion in the area with two people stating they followed other religions.[6] Of Buan's 484 residents, 84.1% described their health as either "good" or "very good", and of those aged between 16 and over, 18.8% had no academic qualifications or one GCSE, lower than the figures for all of Gwynedd (23.2%) and Wales (25.9%).[4]

Governance[edit]

In local government Buan is governed by Gwynedd Council, and is in the Efailnewydd/Buan ward, which is part of the Dwyfor electoral district.[7] At the national level Buan is in the Welsh parliamentary constituency of Dwyfor Meirionnydd, for which Liz Saville-Roberts (Plaid Cymru) has been MP since 2015.[8][9] In the general election of 2015 Saville-Roberts won 11,790 votes (40.9%), giving her a majority of 5,261; the Conservative Party won 6,550 (22.7%) and the Labour Party won 3,904 votes (13.5%), while the United Kingdom Independence Party took 3,126 votes (10.8%). The Independent candidate Louise Hughes, the Liberal Democrats and the Green Party each won fewer than 2,000 votes, Hughes performed slightly better of all three.[9] In the Welsh Assembly Buan is in the constituency of Dwyfor Meirionnydd for which Dafydd Elis-Thomas has been the Assembly Member since its creation in 2007.[8][10] For European elections Buan is in the Wales constituency.[11]

Education[edit]

Ysgol Rhydyclafdy School was the only primary school in the community and closed in 2008 due to a falling number in pupils and as part of a programme that saw two additional schools being closed on the Llŷn Peninsula. Gwynedd Council allowed the building to be reopened as a nursery with community facilities two years later.[12]

Notable landmarks[edit]

Buan contains 34 Grade II listed buildings, in addition to two Grade II* listed buildings.[13] The former church of the same name, St Buan, was in 1765, and is reminiscent of the Romanesque style in design. The church was later deconsecrated and sold in 2004.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Gwynedd Retrieved 13 January 2010
  2. ^ "Buan Caernarvonshire". A Vision of Britain Through Time. Retrieved 12 June 2016. 
  3. ^ Maps (Map). Google Maps. 
  4. ^ a b "Community population 2011". Retrieved 15 May 2015. 
  5. ^ "Bodvean". GENWKI. Retrieved 12 June 2016. 
  6. ^ "Area: Buan (Parish) – Religion, 2011 (KS209EW)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 12 June 2016. 
  7. ^ "3 May 2012 Election". Gwynedd Council. Retrieved 12 June 2016. 
  8. ^ a b "Election Maps". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 17 February 2016. 
  9. ^ a b "Dwyfor Meirionnydd Parliamentary constituency: Election 2015". BBC News. Retrieved 12 June 2016. 
  10. ^ "Elis-Thomas, Dafydd Elis (born 1946), Member (Plaid Cymru) Dwyfor Meirionnydd, National Assembly for Wales, since 2007 (Meirionnydd Nant Conwy, 1999–2007)". Who's Who. Retrieved 12 June 2016. (subscription required (help)). 
  11. ^ "MEPs by Region". European Parliament / Information Office in the United Kingdom. n.d. Archived from the original on 12 July 2013. Retrieved 25 May 2014. 
  12. ^ White, Kevin (22 July 2010). "Former school Ysgol Rhydyclafdy set to be used as nursery". North Wales Daily Post. Retrieved 12 June 2016. 
  13. ^ a b "Listed Buildings in Buan, Gwynedd, Wales". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 12 June 2016. 
  14. ^ "Church of St Buan, Boduan, Gwynedd". Stained Glass in Wales. Retrieved 12 June 2016.