Buan, Gwynedd

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Buan
Eglwys Buan Sant Boduan - geograph.org.uk - 618275.jpg
St Buan's Church in Boduan
Buan is located in Gwynedd
Buan
Buan
Location within Gwynedd
Population484 (2011)
OS grid referenceSH3237
Community
  • Buan
Principal area
Ceremonial county
CountryWales
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townPWLLHELI
Postcode districtLL53
Dialling code01758
PoliceNorth Wales
FireNorth Wales
AmbulanceWelsh
UK Parliament
Senedd Cymru – Welsh Parliament
List of places
UK
Wales
Gwynedd
52°54′40″N 4°29′31″W / 52.911°N 4.492°W / 52.911; -4.492Coordinates: 52°54′40″N 4°29′31″W / 52.911°N 4.492°W / 52.911; -4.492

Buan is a community in the Welsh county of Gwynedd, located on the Llŷn Peninsula. It includes the villages of Boduan and Rhydyclafdy, and has a population of 469,[1] increasing to 484 at the 2011 Census.

History[edit]

In 1870–72 the Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales by John Marius Wilson described Buan as:

BODVEAN, or Bodfaen, a parish in Pwllheli district, Carnarvon; 2½ miles SE of Nevin, and 4 WNW of Pwllheli r. station. It has a post office under Pwllheli. Acres, 2,572. Real property, £1,434. Pop., 382. Houses, 84. The property is divided between two. Bodvean Hall is the seat of Lord Newborough. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Bangor. Value, £198. Patron, the Bishop of Bangor. The church is modern, and has monuments of the Wynnes. There are a Calvinistic Methodist chapel, and a slightly endowed school.[2]

Geography and demographics[edit]

Buan is located in the south-western central part of Gwynedd on the Llŷn Peninsula, in North West Wales, and includes the villages of Boduan and Rhydyclafdy. The landscape is dominated by farms and woodland.[3] According to the 2011 census, the community of Buan had a population of 484 people (250 males and 234 females). In addition, there are 195 households in the community with a population density of 0.1 per hectare.[4] Buan is situated near the Corn Bodvean hill, and its nearest town is Nefyn which is located approximately 1-mile (1.6 km) south of the community.[5] Christianity was the majority religion in the area with two people stating they followed other religions.[6] Of Buan's 484 residents, 84.1% described their health as either "good" or "very good", and of those aged between 16 and over, 18.8% had no academic qualifications or one GCSE, lower than the figures for all of Gwynedd (23.2%) and Wales (25.9%).[4]

Governance[edit]

In local government Buan is governed by Gwynedd Council, and is in the Efailnewydd/Buan ward, which is part of the Dwyfor electoral district.[7] At the national level Buan is in the Welsh parliamentary constituency of Dwyfor Meirionnydd, for which Liz Saville-Roberts (Plaid Cymru) has been MP since 2015.[8][9] In the general election of 2015 Saville-Roberts won 11,790 votes (40.9%), giving her a majority of 5,261; the Conservative Party won 6,550 (22.7%) and the Labour Party won 3,904 votes (13.5%), while the United Kingdom Independence Party took 3,126 votes (10.8%). The Independent candidate Louise Hughes, the Liberal Democrats and the Green Party each won fewer than 2,000 votes, Hughes performed slightly better of all three.[9] In the Welsh Assembly Buan is in the constituency of Dwyfor Meirionnydd for which Dafydd Elis-Thomas has been the Assembly Member since its creation in 2007.[8][10]

Education[edit]

Ysgol Rhydyclafdy School was the only primary school in the community and closed in 2008 due to a falling number in pupils and as part of a programme that saw two additional schools being closed on the Llŷn Peninsula. Gwynedd Council allowed the building to be reopened as a nursery with community facilities two years later.[11]

Notable landmarks[edit]

Listed buildings and landmarks in Buan, Gwynedd

The following are the listed buildings in Buan.[12] The listings are graded:

  • AA Telephone Box (II)
  • Bryniau (II)
  • Bryntirion (II)
  • Capel Rhydyclafdy (II)
  • Cefniwrch (II)
  • Church of St Buan (II)
  • Church of St Ceidio (II)
  • Church of St Michael (II)
  • Church of St Tudwen (II*)
  • Direction Sign at Inkerman Bridge (II)
  • E Farmyard Range including water-wheel at Nant Farm (II)
  • Efail Gledrydd (II)
  • Efail Gledrydd Forge (II)
  • Gallt-y-beren (II)
  • Glanrafon (II)
  • Gwnhinger (II)
  • Lodge to N of Plas Boduan (II)
  • Lychgate and churchyard wall to Church of St Tudwen (II)
  • Madryn Castle Gatehouse (II)
  • Meillionen Farmhouse (II)
  • Milestone by Tuhwnt i'r Gors (II)
  • Nant Farm (II)
  • Neuadd Bogdadle (II)
  • No 1 Tan-y-fron (II)
  • No 3 Tan-y-fron (II)
  • Out-buildings at Home Farm, Plas Boduan (II)
  • Penhyddgan (II*)
  • Plas Boduan (II)
  • Pont Rhydyclafdy (II)
  • Roadsign SE of Bogdadle (II)
  • S Farmyard Range at Nant Farm (II)
  • The Cock-loft (II)
  • Ty Capel Rhydyclafdy (II)
  • Ty Isaf (NW Cottage) (II)
  • Ty Isaf (SE Cottage) (II)
  • Tyn-y-coed Isaf (II)

Buan contains 34 Grade II listed buildings, in addition to two Grade II* listed buildings.[12] The former church of the same name, St Buan, was in 1765, and is reminiscent of the Romanesque style in design. The church was later deconsecrated and sold in 2004.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Office for National Statistics : Census 2001 : Parish Headcounts : Gwynedd Archived 22 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 13 January 2010
  2. ^ "Buan Caernarvonshire". A Vision of Britain Through Time. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  3. ^ Maps (Map). Google Maps.
  4. ^ a b "Community population 2011". Retrieved 15 May 2015.
  5. ^ "Bodvean". GENWKI. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  6. ^ "Area: Buan (Parish) – Religion, 2011 (KS209EW)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  7. ^ "3 May 2012 Election". Gwynedd Council. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  8. ^ a b "Election Maps". Ordnance Survey. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
  9. ^ a b "Dwyfor Meirionnydd Parliamentary constituency: Election 2015". BBC News. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  10. ^ "Elis-Thomas, Dafydd Elis (born 1946), Member (Plaid Cymru) Dwyfor Meirionnydd, National Assembly for Wales, since 2007 (Meirionnydd Nant Conwy, 1999–2007)". Who's Who. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  11. ^ White, Kevin (22 July 2010). "Former school Ysgol Rhydyclafdy set to be used as nursery". North Wales Daily Post. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  12. ^ a b "Listed Buildings in Buan, Gwynedd, Wales". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 12 June 2016.
  13. ^ "Church of St Buan, Boduan, Gwynedd". Stained Glass in Wales. Retrieved 12 June 2016.