Bucerotiformes

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Bucerotiformes
Temporal range: Eocene to present
Green Wood Hoopoe, Phoeniculus purpureus, at Marakele National Park, Limpopo, South Africa (16156416079).jpg
Western red-billed hornbill (Tockus kempi) male.jpg
Phoeniculus purpureus
(Phoeniculidae)
Tockus kempi
(Bucerotidae)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Picocoraciae
Order: Bucerotiformes
Fürbringer, 1888
Families

Bucerotiformes is an order of birds that contains the hornbills, ground hornbills, hoopoes and wood hoopoes.[1] These birds were previously classified as members of Coraciiformes.[2][3][4]

Bucerotiformes 

Upupidae – hoopoes

Phoeniculidae – wood hoopoes

Bucorvidae – ground hornbills

Bucerotidae – hornbills

Phylogenetic relationships between the families based on a large study by Richard Prum and colleagues published in 2015.[5]

Systematics[edit]

Recent genetic data show that ground hornbills and Bycanistes form a clade outside the rest of the hornbill lineage.[6] They are thought to represent an early African lineage, while the rest of Bucerotiformes evolved in Asia. The hoopoe subspecies Saint Helena hoopoe and the Madagascar subspecies are sometimes elevated to a full species. The two wood hoopoe genera, Phoeniculus and Rhinopomastus, appear to have diverged about 10 million years ago, so some systematists treat them as separate subfamilies or even separate families.[7]

Taxonomy[edit]

Order Bucerotiformes

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2019). "Mousebirds, Cuckoo Roller, trogons, hoopoes, hornbills". World Bird List Version 9.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  2. ^ Johansson, Ulf S.; Ericson, Per G.P. (2003). "Molecular support for a sister group relationship between Pici and Galbulae (Piciformes sensu Wetmore 1960)" (PDF). J. Avian Biol. 34 (2): 185–197. doi:10.1034/j.1600-048X.2003.03103.x. Retrieved 2008-10-30.
  3. ^ Yuri, T. et al. (2013) Parsimony and Model-Based Analyses of Indels in Avian Nuclear Genes Reveal Congruent and Incongruent Phylogenetic Signals. Biology, 2(1):419-444. doi:10.3390/biology2010419
  4. ^ Jarvis, E.D. et al. (2014) Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds. Science, 346(6215):1320-1331.
  5. ^ Prum, R.O.; Berv, J.S.; Dornburg, A.; Field, D.J.; Townsend, J.P.; Lemmon, E.M.; Lemmon, A.R. (2015). "A comprehensive phylogeny of birds (Aves) using targeted next-generation DNA sequencing". Nature. 526: 569–573. doi:10.1038/nature15697.
  6. ^ Woodruff, D. S. & Srikwan, S. 2011. Molecular genetics and the conservation of hornbills in fragmented landscapes. In Poonswad, P. (ed) The Asian Hornbills: Ecology and Conservation. National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Bangkok, pp. 257-264.
  7. ^ Fry, C. Hilary (2003). "Wood-hoopoes". In Perrins, Christopher. The Firefly Encyclopedia of Birds. Firefly Books. p. 383. ISBN 1-55297-777-3.

Further reading[edit]

  • Gonzalez, J.-C.T.; Sheldon, B.C.; Collar, N.J.; Tobias, J.A. (2013). "A comprehensive molecular phylogeny for the hornbills (Aves: Bucerotidae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 67 (2): 468–483. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2013.02.012. PMID 23438388.