Buchanan County, Iowa

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Buchanan County
Buchanan County Courthouse
Map of Iowa highlighting Buchanan County
Location within the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 42°28′19″N 91°50′21″W / 42.471944444444°N 91.839166666667°W / 42.471944444444; -91.839166666667
Country United States
State Iowa
Founded1837
Named forJames Buchanan
SeatIndependence
Largest cityIndependence
Area
 • Total573 sq mi (1,480 km2)
 • Land571 sq mi (1,480 km2)
 • Water2.1 sq mi (5 km2)  0.4%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total20,565
 • Density36/sq mi (14/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitewww.buchanancountyiowa.org
Wapsipinicon River Bridge

Buchanan County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2020 census, the population was 20,565.[1] Its county seat is Independence.[2] The county was created in 1837 and was named in honor of Senator James Buchanan, the 15th President of the United States.

History[edit]

Buchanan County was formed on December 21, 1837, from parts of Dubuque County. It was named after US Senator James Buchanan, who would later go on to be President of the United States.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 573 square miles (1,480 km2), of which 571 square miles (1,480 km2) is land and 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2) (0.4%) is water.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850517
18607,9061,429.2%
187017,034115.5%
188018,5468.9%
189018,9972.4%
190021,42712.8%
191019,748−7.8%
192019,8900.7%
193019,550−1.7%
194020,9917.4%
195021,9274.5%
196022,2931.7%
197021,746−2.5%
198022,9005.3%
199020,844−9.0%
200021,0931.2%
201020,958−0.6%
202020,565−1.9%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790-1960[5] 1900-1990[6]
1990-2000[7] 2010-2018[8]
Population of Buchanan County from US census data

2020 census[edit]

The 2020 census recorded a population of 20,565 in the county, with a population density of 35.9886/sq mi (13.8953/km2). 97.06% of the population reported being of one race. 94.13% were non-Hispanic White, 0.35% were Black, 1.64% were Hispanic, 0.14% were Native American, 0.25% were Asian, 0.06% were Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander and 3.43% were some other race or more than one race. There were 8,886 housing units of which 8,198 were occupied.[1]

2010 census[edit]

The 2010 census recorded a population of 20,958 in the county, with a population density of 36.70/sq mi (14.172/km2). There were 8,968 housing units, of which 8,161 were occupied.[9]

2000 census[edit]

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Buchanan County

As of the census[10] of 2000, there were 21,093 people, 7,933 households, and 5,672 families residing in the county. The population density was 37 people per square mile (14/km2). There were 8,697 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.41% White, 0.27% Black or African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.40% Asian, 0.16% from other races, and 0.54% from two or more races. 0.62% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 7,933 households, out of which 34.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.70% were married couples living together, 7.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.50% were non-families. 24.70% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.60% under the age of 18, 8.10% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 22.50% from 45 to 64, and 14.50% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.40 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,036, and the median income for a family was $45,421. Males had a median income of $30,212 versus $22,356 for females. The per capita income for the county was $18,405. About 6.80% of families and 9.40% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.90% of those under age 18 and 7.60% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

This detail of Galbraith's 1897 Rail Service Map of Iowa shows Buchanan County towns of the time. It is a pictorial map rather than a technical map: Shady Grove, for example, is shown next to a man lying under a tree; Masonville is shown next to a Masonic symbol. Some of the towns' locations are slightly altered to make room for the illustrations. Several of these towns, including Hamerville, Vista, Kier, Middlefield, Newtonville, and Castleville no longer exist. A few are nearly ghost towns.

A number of historic communities in Buchanan County once appeared on state maps, but no longer exist. Hamerville was located east of Brandon at the intersection of Highway 150. Today, the site is the location of three farmhouses. Vista, once located between Brandon and Independence, appeared on maps frequently until the 1950s. This site is not even accessed by paved road. Kier, between Fairbank and Littleton, appeared on many maps in the 19th century and early 20th century. The area is now settled by Amish. Several towns named Middlefield existed southeast of Winthrop, but none are populated today. Newtonville was located a few miles south of Monti. The houses at Castleville were later moved to Aurora. Wise, once located between Independence and Jesup just north of Highway 939, was a train-stop between the 1920s and the 1950s. Little remains at the site. Kiene was founded in 1911 between Quasqueton and Monti, but was empty by 1955. Few or even no houses remain at any of these sites.

Townships[edit]

Buchanan County is divided into sixteen townships:

Population ranking[edit]

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2020 census of Buchanan County.[1]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2020 Census)
1 Independence City 6,064
2 Jesup (partially in Black Hawk County) City 2,508
3 Fairbank (partially in Fayette County) City 1,111
4 Winthrop City 823
5 Hazleton City 713
6 Quasqueton City 570
7 Lamont City 429
8 Brandon City 341
9 Rowley City 270
10 Aurora City 169
11 Stanley (partially in Fayette County) City 81

Amish community[edit]

Buchanan County is home to the Hazleton Old Order Amish settlement, founded in 1914, that in 1987 had to six church districts (congregations) with an estimated population of about 1,200 Amish. The Buchanan Amish affiliation is named after Buchanan County.[11]

Politics[edit]

United States presidential election results for Buchanan County, Iowa[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 6,420 59.59% 4,169 38.70% 185 1.72%
2016 5,510 53.75% 3,970 38.72% 772 7.53%
2012 4,450 42.24% 5,911 56.11% 174 1.65%
2008 4,139 40.02% 6,050 58.50% 153 1.48%
2004 4,797 45.79% 5,608 53.54% 70 0.67%
2000 4,092 43.49% 5,045 53.61% 273 2.90%
1996 3,043 34.00% 4,997 55.83% 911 10.18%
1992 3,313 34.32% 4,166 43.15% 2,175 22.53%
1988 3,495 42.00% 4,778 57.42% 48 0.58%
1984 4,965 54.25% 4,129 45.12% 58 0.63%
1980 5,041 53.50% 3,605 38.26% 776 8.24%
1976 4,794 51.98% 4,258 46.17% 171 1.85%
1972 5,277 58.32% 3,609 39.89% 162 1.79%
1968 4,541 52.35% 3,670 42.31% 463 5.34%
1964 3,187 36.12% 5,621 63.71% 15 0.17%
1960 5,179 54.90% 4,251 45.07% 3 0.03%
1956 5,512 61.01% 3,513 38.88% 10 0.11%
1952 6,431 67.81% 3,019 31.83% 34 0.36%
1948 4,310 50.57% 4,127 48.42% 86 1.01%
1944 4,653 54.69% 3,841 45.15% 14 0.16%
1940 5,630 54.61% 4,649 45.10% 30 0.29%
1936 4,734 47.85% 5,025 50.79% 135 1.36%
1932 4,401 46.33% 5,004 52.67% 95 1.00%
1928 5,885 65.36% 3,099 34.42% 20 0.22%
1924 5,459 63.10% 1,780 20.58% 1,412 16.32%
1920 6,334 79.20% 1,600 20.01% 63 0.79%
1916 3,000 61.79% 1,808 37.24% 47 0.97%
1912 1,271 26.93% 1,866 39.54% 1,582 33.52%
1908 2,552 55.76% 1,889 41.27% 136 2.97%
1904 2,798 60.93% 1,545 33.65% 249 5.42%
1900 2,958 56.95% 2,053 39.53% 183 3.52%
1896 2,865 55.30% 2,233 43.10% 83 1.60%


Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "2020 Census State Redistricting Data". census.gov. United states Census Bureau. Retrieved August 12, 2021.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
  8. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved July 13, 2014.
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Occupancy Status: 2010 - State -- County". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Archived from the original on September 29, 2015. Retrieved March 8, 2011.
  10. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  11. ^ Hazleton Old Order Amish Settlement (Hazleton, Iowa, USA) at Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online
  12. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 25, 2018.
  13. ^ "Iowa State Patrol Sergeant Jim Smith Killed in Grundy Center Standoff | Iowa Department of Public Safety".

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°28′19″N 91°50′21″W / 42.47194°N 91.83917°W / 42.47194; -91.83917