Buchanan County, Missouri

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Buchanan County, Missouri
Buchanan County Courthouse St Joseph Missouri.jpg
The Buchanan County Courthouse in downtown St. Joseph
Map of Missouri highlighting Buchanan County
Location in the U.S. state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Founded December 31, 1838
Named for James Buchanan
Seat St. Joseph
Largest city St. Joseph
Area
 • Total 415 sq mi (1,075 km2)
 • Land 408 sq mi (1,057 km2)
 • Water 6.6 sq mi (17 km2), 1.6%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 89,100
 • Density 219/sq mi (85/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.buchanan.mo.us

Buchanan County is a county located in the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 89,201.[1] Its county seat is St. Joseph.[2] When originally formed in 1838, the county was named Roberts County, after settler Hiram Roberts. It was renamed in 1839 for James Buchanan, then a U.S. Senator and later President of the United States. The county was formed from land annexed to Missouri, as were five other counties.

Buchanan County is included in the St. Joseph, Missouri Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 415 square miles (1,070 km2), of which 408 square miles (1,060 km2) is land and 6.6 square miles (17 km2) (1.6%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 6,237
1850 12,975 108.0%
1860 23,861 83.9%
1870 35,109 47.1%
1880 49,792 41.8%
1890 70,100 40.8%
1900 121,838 73.8%
1910 93,020 −23.7%
1920 93,684 0.7%
1930 98,633 5.3%
1940 94,067 −4.6%
1950 96,826 2.9%
1960 90,581 −6.4%
1970 86,915 −4.0%
1980 87,888 1.1%
1990 83,083 −5.5%
2000 85,998 3.5%
2010 89,201 3.7%
Est. 2016 88,938 [4] −0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790-1960[6] 1900-1990[7]
1990-2000[8] 2010-2015[1]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 85,998 people, 33,557 households, and 21,912 families residing in the county. The population density was 210 people per square mile (81/km²). There were 36,574 housing units at an average density of 89 per square mile (34/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.73% White, 4.36% Black or African American, 0.42% Native American, 0.45% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.65% from other races, and 1.37% from two or more races. Approximately 2.43% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 33,557 households out of which 30.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.30% were married couples living together, 12.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.70% were non-families. 28.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.30% under the age of 18, 11.00% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 21.20% from 45 to 64, and 15.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $34,704, and the median income for a family was $42,408. Males had a median income of $31,697 versus $21,827 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,882. About 8.50% of families and 12.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.00% of those under age 18 and 9.60% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

  • Buchanan County R-IV School DistrictDe Kalb
    • Rushville Elementary School (PK-06)
    • De Kalb Junior/Senior High School (07-12)
  • Mid-Buchanan County R-V School DistrictFaucett
    • Mid-Buchanan County Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Mid-Buchanan County High School (07-12)
  • St. Joseph School DistrictSt. Joseph
    • Coleman Elementary School (K-06)
    • Edison Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Ellison Elementary School (K-06)
    • Field Elementary School (K-06)
    • Hall Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Hosea Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Humboldt Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Hyde Elementary School (K-06)
    • Lake Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Lindbergh Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Mark Twain Elementary School (K-06)
    • Neely Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Noyes Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Parkway Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Pershing Elementary School (K-06)
    • Pickett Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Skaith Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Webster Elementary School (PK-06)
    • Bode Middle School (07-08)
    • Robidoux Middle School (07-08)
    • Spring Garden Middle (07-08)
    • Truman Middle School (07-08)
    • Benton High School (09-12)
    • Central High School (09-12)
    • Lafayette High School (09-12)

Private schools[edit]

Public libraries[edit]

  • Rolling Hills Consolidated Library -- Belt Branch[10]
  • Saint Joseph Public Library[11]

Politics[edit]

Local[edit]

The Democratic Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Buchanan County. Democrats hold all but three of the elected positions in the county.

Buchanan County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Scot W. Van Meter Democratic
Circuit Clerk Mary Beattie Democratic
County Clerk Mary Baack Garvey Republican
Collector Peggy Campbell Democratic
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Royal “R.T.” Turner Republican
Commissioner
(District 1)
Dan Hausman Republican
Commissioner
(District 2)
Ron Hook Democratic
Prosecuting Attorney Dwight K. Scroggins, Jr. Democratic
Public Administrator Megan Kennedy Stickley Democratic
Recorder Ed Wildberger Democratic
Sheriff Mike Strong Democratic
Treasurer John D. Nash Democratic

State[edit]

Past Gubernatorial Elections Results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 52.60% 18,714 43.92% 15,628 3.48% 1.238
2012 39.61% 13,810 56.46% 19,685 3.92% 1,368
2008 37.39% 14,442 59.94% 23,151 2.67% 1,028
2004 50.03% 18,967 48.31% 18,317 1.66% 629
2000 45.18% 15,602 52.12% 17,998 2.70% 930
1996 29.76% 9,731 67.41% 22,045 2.83% 925

Buchanan County is divided into three legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, two of which are held by Republicans and one by a Democrat.

Missouri House of Representatives - District 9 – Buchanan County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Delus Johnson 8,398 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 9 — Buchanan County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Delus Johnson 5,165 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 9 — Buchanan County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Delus Johnson 8,051 100.00%
  • District 10 – Pat Conway (D-St. Joseph). The district is entirely based in the city of St. Joseph.
Missouri House of Representatives - District 10 – Buchanan County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Pat Conway 9,950 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 10 — Buchanan County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Pat Conway 5,590 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 10 — Buchanan County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Pat Conway 10,244 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 11 — Buchanan County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Galen Wayne Higdon, Jr 11,453 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 11 — Buchanan County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Galen Wayne Higdon, Jr 6,062 100.00%
Missouri House of Representatives — District 11 — Buchanan County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Galen Wayne Higdon, Jr 10,862 100.00%

All of Buchanan County is a part of Missouri’s 34th District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by Rob Schaaf (R-St. Joseph).

Missouri Senate - District 34 – Buchanan County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Rob Schaaf 11,068 53.69%
Democratic Robert Stuber 9,936 46.31%

Federal[edit]

U.S. Senate — Missouri — Buchanan County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Roy Blunt 17,658 49.60% +15.36
Democratic Jason Kander 16,103 45.23% -13.50
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 1,043 2.93% -4.10
Green Johnathan McFarland 515 1.45% +1.45
Constitution Fred Ryman 282 0.79% +0.79
U.S. Senate — Missouri — Buchanan County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Todd Akin 11,913 34.24%
Democratic Claire McCaskill 20,437 58.73%
Libertarian Jonathan Dine 2,446 7.03%

All of Buchanan County is included in Missouri’s 6th Congressional District and is currently represented by Sam Graves (R-Tarkio) in the U.S. House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri’s 6th Congressional District — Buchanan County (2016)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Sam Graves 22,604 64.26% +10.56
Democratic David M. Blackwell 11,196 31.83% -10.75
Libertarian Ross Lee Monchil 878 2.50% -1.22
Green Mike Diel 496 1.41% +1.41
U.S. House of Representatives — Missouri's 6th Congressional District — Buchanan County (2014)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Sam Graves 11,344 53.70% -7.48
Democratic Bill Hedge 8,996 42.58% +6.49
Libertarian Russ Lee Monchil 785 3.72% -0.99
U.S. Representatives — Missouri's 6th Congressional District — Buchanan County (2012)
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Sam Graves 21,141 61.18%
Democratic Kyle Yarber 12,472 36.09%
Libertarian Russ Lee Monchil 944 2.73%
Presidential Elections Results[12]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 59.3% 21,320 33.4% 12,013 7.3% 2,631
2012 53.2% 18,660 44.4% 15,594 2.4% 852
2008 48.7% 19,110 48.8% 19,164 2.5% 986
2004 52.2% 19,812 46.9% 17,799 0.9% 339
2000 47.3% 16,423 49.2% 17,085 3.6% 1,243
1996 38.2% 12,610 48.0% 15,848 13.8% 4,560
1992 30.2% 11,275 44.4% 16,570 25.5% 9,520
1988 45.0% 15,336 54.6% 18,601 0.5% 152
1984 56.2% 19,735 43.8% 15,369
1980 47.1% 16,551 48.3% 16,967 4.6% 1,632
1976 48.2% 16,446 51.1% 17,427 0.7% 251
1972 65.7% 21,850 34.3% 11,395
1968 46.4% 16,101 45.7% 15,860 7.9% 2,752
1964 32.3% 11,501 67.8% 24,164
1960 52.6% 21,448 47.4% 19,348
1956 52.5% 20,311 47.5% 18,384
1952 52.6% 22,087 47.3% 19,854 0.1% 44
1948 36.1% 13,002 63.8% 22,975 0.2% 57
1944 42.9% 15,113 57.0% 20,091 0.1% 20
1940 41.6% 17,484 58.3% 24,482 0.1% 29
1936 35.4% 15,912 64.2% 28,825 0.4% 196
1932 35.7% 14,602 63.7% 26,060 0.6% 260
1928 62.7% 20,459 37.1% 12,110 0.2% 55
1924 50.1% 17,509 42.3% 14,759 7.6% 2,658
1920 51.0% 17,191 48.0% 16,188 1.0% 335
1916 40.6% 7,761 57.4% 10,973 2.1% 400
1912 26.5% 4,412 53.2% 8,869 20.4% 3,395
1908 45.3% 8,394 53.1% 9,836 1.5% 283
1904 51.6% 8,703 45.9% 7,736 2.5% 420
1900 47.5% 8,329 50.9% 8,925 1.6% 278
1896 47.8% 6,854 51.2% 7,336 1.0% 147
1892 42.9% 5,522 54.0% 6,949 3.1% 401
1888 43.2% 5,011 54.9% 6,369 1.9% 219

Missouri Presidential Preference Primary (2008)[edit]

  • Former U.S. Senator Hillary Clinton (D-New York) received more votes, a total of 6,689, than any candidate from either party in Buchanan County during the 2008 presidential primary.
Buchanan County, Missouri
2008 Republican primary in Missouri
John McCain 2,194 (31.63%)
Mike Huckabee 1,825 (26.31%)
Mitt Romney 2,216 (31.94%)
Ron Paul 521 (7.51%)
Buchanan County, Missouri
2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
Hillary Clinton 6,689 (57.09%)
Barack Obama 4,427 (37.78%)
John Edwards (withdrawn) 413 (3.52%)

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Villages[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Buchanan County is divided into 12 townships:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 7, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 21, 2013. Retrieved November 13, 2014. 
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved November 13, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 13, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 13, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 13, 2014. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  10. ^ Breeding, Marshall. "Rolling Hills Consolidated Library -- Belt Branc". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017. 
  11. ^ Breeding, Marshall. "Saint Joseph Public Library". Libraries.org. Retrieved May 8, 2017. 
  12. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°40′N 94°49′W / 39.67°N 94.81°W / 39.67; -94.81