Bucharest North railway station

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Gara București Nord
Căile Ferate Române
Bukareŝto, norda stacio, 85.jpeg
General information
LocationPiața Gării de Nord, Bucharest, Romania
Coordinates44°26′46.92″N 26°4′27.15″E / 44.4463667°N 26.0742083°E / 44.4463667; 26.0742083Coordinates: 44°26′46.92″N 26°4′27.15″E / 44.4463667°N 26.0742083°E / 44.4463667; 26.0742083
Owned byCFR
Line(s)Bucharest–Constanța
Bucharest–Craiova
Bucharest–Giurgiu
Bucharest–Pitești
Bucharest–Ploiești
Bucharest–Urziceni
M1 Line (Bucharest Metro)
M4 Line (Bucharest Metro)
Platforms8
Tracks14
Construction
Structure typeterminal station
Parkingyes
History
Opened1872
Electrifiedyes (16 February 1969)
Services
Preceding station CFR Following station
Ploiești Vest
towards Arad
CFR Intercity 200 Terminus
Ploiești Vest
towards Oradea
CFR Intercity 300
Ploiești Vest CFR Intercity 400
Ploiești Sud
towards Suceava
CFR Intercity 500
Ploiești Sud
towards Ungheni
CFR Intercity 600
P.O. Aeroport Henri Coandă
towards Galați
CFR Intercity 700
Videle CFR Intercity 900
Terminus Bosphorus Express Giurgiu
towards Istanbul
Preceding station BDŽ Following station
Giurgiu
towards Sofia
Romania Terminus
Preceding station Bucharest Metro Following station
Piața Victoriei
towards Pantelimon
Line M1
transfer at Gara de Nord
Basarab
towards Dristor
Basarab
towards Străulești
Line M4
transfer at Gara de Nord
Terminus

Bucharest North railway station (Romanian: Gara București Nord) is the main railway station in Bucharest and the largest railway station in Romania. The vast majority of mainline trains to and from Bucharest originate from Gara de Nord.

History[edit]

The station was built between 1868 and 1872; the foundation stone was set on 10 September 1868 in the presence of Carol I of Romania. The building is designed as a U-shaped structure. The first railways between RomanGalațiBucharestPitești were put in service on 13 September 1872. Between 1895 and 1896 a new wing of the station was built, which included a "Royal Hall", due to the visit of Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary.[1] It was initially named Gara Târgoviștei, after the road nearby, Calea Târgoviștei ("Târgoviște Road", nowadays Calea Griviței), and took its current name in 1888.

The station and its surroundings were heavily bombed by the Allies in April 1944 during a campaign aimed at the Axis supply lines, since the station played an important part in the Romanian railway network and was the main departure point for troops headed to the Eastern Front (see: Bombing of Bucharest in World War II).

Under Communist times, the station received a number of upgrades, such as a footbridge (1950s or 1960s), partial electrification on 16 February 1969, and then an expansion between 1978 and 1984 and complete electrification. It is still upgraded as of today, having received a platform overhaul (replacement of tiles with asphalt from 2006 to 2010), removal of the footbridge (replaced with the Basarab Overpass in 2009) and, in 2018, replacement of the original split-flap displays with LED ones.

Non-stop information and coordination point in Bucharest North Railway Station designed to provide aid to arriving Ukrainian refugees during Russia's invasion of Ukraine in 2022

During the Russian invasion of Ukraine in 2022, the station hosted, starting on 27 February 2022, Ukrainian refugees. Only during the first day, almost 100 Ukrainian refugees arrived with 5 trains owned by the state operation, CFR Călători, and came from the direction of Iași and Suceava. The Ukrainian citizens were immediately picked up by the station security staff and transported to the station waiting room, where a special area for refugees was arranged, and where they were offered water and food. Throughout their stay at the station, displaced persons from Ukraine received help from representatives of Bucharest City Hall and NGOs, through a non-stop information and coordination point arranged on the central platform, where volunteers who speak Ukrainian may provide additional information; information was also presented in English through loudspeakers.[2] On March 4, 2022, at midnight, about 1,000 refugees arrived from Iasi with a train set with 11 wagons, which were later transported by several buses owned by STB to be accommodated at Romexpo.[3]

Current status[edit]

There are currently 14 tracks and 8 platforms.

As of 2009, Gara de Nord served about 200 trains, including domestic trains operated by Căile Ferate Române, Regiotrans and Trans Feroviar calatori as well international trains to HungaryBudapest, BulgariaSofia, Varna and Burgas, Republic of MoldovaChișinău, UkraineKyiv, Dnipro and Chernivtsi, AustriaVienna, TurkeyIstanbul, RussiaMoscow and Saratov, BelarusMinsk.

The station is served by several bus ( lines 105, 123,133,178,182,205,282 and express line 780 which links the railway station with the Henri Coandă Airport) trolleybus (65, 79 and 86 on Grivița side and 62,85,93,96 on The Columnes side) and tram lines (42,45,46 on Grivița side and 44 on Dinicu Golescu side), as well as the Gara de Nord metro station. Also, the station is connected by CFR and TFC trains to Henri Coandă International Airport.

Future developments[edit]

In 2019 plans were announced by the Government of Romania's Ministry of Transport to convert Gara de Nord from a terminus station to an underground through station, linking with Bucharest Obor railway station, and a partial underground link between Gara de Nord and Progresul.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alexandru Popescu. "Străzile Bucureștilor – mică istorie sentimentală în imagini (XLVI). Bulevardul Dinicu Golescu – Gara de Nord". Ziarul Financiar.
  2. ^ Oancea, Dorin (27 February 2022). "Circa 100 de refugiați din Ucraina ajung astăzi în Gara de Nord din București" (in Romanian). Mediafax.
  3. ^ Costea, Alexandra (4 March 2022). "Aproximativ 1.000 de refugiați ucraineni vor ajunge cu trenul la București" (in Romanian). Kanal D.
  4. ^ "Big plans for Bucharest's main train station: Mall and offices, underground railway". Romania Insider. 10 July 2019. Retrieved 30 July 2019.

External links[edit]