Bucharest North railway station
|Căile Ferate Române|
|Location||Piața Gării de Nord, Bucharest, Romania|
M1 Line (Bucharest Metro)
M4 Line (Bucharest Metro)
|Structure type||terminal station|
Bucharest North railway station (Romanian: București Gara de Nord) is the main railway station in Bucharest and the largest railway station in Romania. The vast majority of mainline trains to and from Bucharest originate from Gara de Nord.
The station was built between 1868-1872, the foundation stone was set on September 10, 1868 in the presence of Carol I of Romania. The building is designed as a U-shaped structure. The first railways between Roman - Galați - Bucharest - Pitești were put in service on September 13, 1872. Between 1895-1896 a new wing of the station was built, which included a "Royal hall" due to the visit of Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary. It was initially named Gara Târgoviștei, after the road nearby, Calea Târgoviștei ("Târgoviște Road", nowadays Calea Griviței) and took its current name in 1888.
The station and its surroundings were heavily bombed by the Allies in April 1944 during a campaign aimed at the Axis supply lines, since the station played an important part in the Romanian railway network and was the main departure point for troops headed to the Eastern Front.
There are currently 14 tracks and 8 platforms.
As of 2009, Gara de Nord served about 200 trains, including domestic trains operated by Căile Ferate Române, Regiotrans and Trans Feroviar calatori as well international trains to Hungary - Budapest, Bulgaria - Sofia, Varna and Burgas, Republic of Moldova - Chișinău, Ukraine - Kiev, Dnepropetrovsk and Chernivtsi, Austria - Vienna, Turkey - Istanbul, Russia - Moscow and Saratov, Belarus - Minsk.
Distances from other railway stations
|Alexandria: 133 km||Arad (via Brașov): 620 km||Arad (via Craiova): 604 km|
|Bacău: 302 km||Baia Mare: 624 km||Brașov: 166 km|
|Brăila: 199 km||Buzău: 128 km||Cluj-Napoca: 497 km|
|Constanța: 225 km||Craiova: 209 km||Deva: 455 km|
|Drobeta Turnu Severin: 323 km||Galați: 229 km||Iași: 406 km|
|Oradea: 650 km||Ploiești: 59 km||Piatra Neamț: 362 km|
|Pitești: 108 km||Sibiu: 315 km||Suceava: 447 km|
|Târgoviște: 80 km||Timișoara: 533 km||Tulcea: 334 km|
|Belgrad: 709 km||Berlin: 1,900 km||Budapest: 872 km|
|Chişinău: 529 km||Istanbul: 1,120 km||Frankfurt am Main: 1,900 km|
|Kiev: 1,227 km||Sofia: 539 km||Venice: 1,723 km|
|Wien: 1,145 km|