Bucharest North railway station

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București Gara de Nord
Căile Ferate Române
Bucuresti, Romania, Gara de Nord; B-II-m-B-18803 (2).JPG
Location Piața Gării de Nord, Bucharest, Romania
Coordinates 44°26′46.92″N 26°4′27.15″E / 44.4463667°N 26.0742083°E / 44.4463667; 26.0742083Coordinates: 44°26′46.92″N 26°4′27.15″E / 44.4463667°N 26.0742083°E / 44.4463667; 26.0742083
Owned by CFR
Line(s) Bucharest-Constanța
Bucharest-Craiova
Bucharest-Ploiești
Bucharest-Pitești
Bucharest-Ruse
M1 Line (Bucharest Metro)
M4 Line (Bucharest Metro)
Platforms 8
Tracks 14
Construction
Structure type terminal station
Parking yes
History
Opened 1872
Electrified yes
Services
Preceding station   CFR   Following station
toward Arad
CFR Intercity 200 Terminus
toward Oradea
CFR Intercity 300
CFR Intercity 400
toward Suceava
CFR Intercity 500
toward Iași
CFR Intercity 600
toward Galați
CFR Intercity 700
CFR Intercity 900
Preceding station   Bucharest Metro   Following station
toward Dristor
Line M1
Transfer at: Gara de Nord
toward Republica
Line M4
Transfer at: Gara de Nord
Terminus

Bucharest North railway station (Romanian: București Gara de Nord) is the main railway station in Bucharest and the largest railway station in Romania. The vast majority of mainline trains to and from Bucharest originate from Gara de Nord.

History[edit]

The station was built between 1868-1872, the foundation stone was set on September 10, 1868 in the presence of Carol I of Romania. The building is designed as a U-shaped structure. The first railways between Roman - Galați - Bucharest - Pitești were put in service on September 13, 1872. Between 1895-1896 a new wing of the station was built, which included a "Royal hall" due to the visit of Emperor Franz Joseph of Austria-Hungary.[1] It was initially named Gara Târgoviștei, after the road nearby, Calea Târgoviștei ("Târgoviște Road", nowadays Calea Griviței) and took its current name in 1888.

The station and its surroundings were heavily bombed by the Allies in April 1944 during a campaign aimed at the Axis supply lines, since the station played an important part in the Romanian railway network and was the main departure point for troops headed to the Eastern Front.

Panoramic view of the station building

Current status[edit]

Trains at the station in winter

There are currently 14 tracks and 8 platforms.

As of 2009, Gara de Nord served about 200 trains, including domestic trains operated by Căile Ferate Române, Regiotrans and Trans Feroviar calatori as well international trains to Hungary - Budapest, Bulgaria - Sofia, Varna and Burgas, Republic of Moldova - Chișinău, Ukraine - Kiev, Dnepropetrovsk and Chernivtsi, Austria - Vienna, Turkey - Istanbul, Russia - Moscow and Saratov, Belarus - Minsk.

The station is served by several bus lines as well as the Gara de Nord metro station. Also, the station is connected by CFR train to Henri Coandă International Airport.

Distances from other railway stations[edit]

Romania[edit]

Alexandria: 133 km Arad (via Brașov): 620 km Arad (via Craiova): 604 km
Bacău: 302 km Baia Mare: 624 km Brașov: 166 km
Brăila: 199 km Buzău: 128 km Cluj-Napoca: 497 km
Constanța: 225 km Craiova: 209 km Deva: 455 km
Drobeta Turnu Severin: 323 km Galați: 229 km Iași: 406 km
Oradea: 650 km Ploiești: 59 km Piatra Neamț: 362 km
Pitești: 108 km Sibiu: 315 km Suceava: 447 km
Târgoviște: 80 km Timișoara: 533 km Tulcea: 334 km

Europe[edit]

Belgrad: 709 km Berlin: 1,900 km Budapest: 872 km
Chişinău: 529 km Istanbul: 1,120 km Frankfurt am Main: 1,900 km
Kiev: 1,227 km Sofia: 539 km Venice: 1,723 km
Wien: 1,145 km

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]